As of this commit, the canonical way to retreive an ANSI-compatible
color escape sequence from a configuration file is with the
`--get-color` action.

This is to allow Git to "fall back" on a default value for the color
should the given section not exist in the specified configuration(s).

With the addition of `--default`, this is no longer needed since:

  $ git config --default red --type=color core.section

will be have exactly as:

  $ git config --get-color core.section red

For consistency, let's introduce `--type=color` and encourage its use
with `--default` together over `--get-color` alone.

Signed-off-by: Taylor Blau <m...@ttaylorr.com>
---
 Documentation/git-config.txt |  6 ++++++
 builtin/config.c             | 22 ++++++++++++++++++++++
 t/t1300-repo-config.sh       | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 58 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/git-config.txt b/Documentation/git-config.txt
index b644a44ae9..7c8365e377 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-config.txt
@@ -177,6 +177,10 @@ Valid `<type>`'s include:
   ~/` from the command line to let your shell do the expansion.)
 - 'expiry-date': canonicalize by converting from a fixed or relative 
date-string
   to a timestamp. This specifier has no effect when setting the value.
+- 'color': When getting a value, canonicalize by converting to an ANSI color
+  escape sequence. When setting a value, a sanity-check is performed to ensure
+  that the given value is canonicalize-able as an ANSI color, but it is written
+  as-is.
 +
 
 --bool::
@@ -228,6 +232,8 @@ Valid `<type>`'s include:
        output it as the ANSI color escape sequence to the standard
        output.  The optional `default` parameter is used instead, if
        there is no color configured for `name`.
++
+`--type=color [--default=<default>]` is preferred over `--get-color`.
 
 -e::
 --edit::
diff --git a/builtin/config.c b/builtin/config.c
index 014e3a0d53..08016863ac 100644
--- a/builtin/config.c
+++ b/builtin/config.c
@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@ static int show_origin;
 #define TYPE_BOOL_OR_INT       3
 #define TYPE_PATH              4
 #define TYPE_EXPIRY_DATE       5
+#define TYPE_COLOR             6
 
 static int option_parse_type(const struct option *opt, const char *arg,
                             int unset)
@@ -82,6 +83,8 @@ static int option_parse_type(const struct option *opt, const 
char *arg,
                *type = TYPE_PATH;
        else if (!strcmp(arg, "expiry-date"))
                *type = TYPE_EXPIRY_DATE;
+       else if (!strcmp(arg, "color"))
+               *type = TYPE_COLOR;
        else
                die(_("unrecognized --type argument, %s"), arg);
 
@@ -202,6 +205,11 @@ static int format_config(struct strbuf *buf, const char 
*key_, const char *value
                        if (git_config_expiry_date(&t, key_, value_) < 0)
                                return -1;
                        strbuf_addf(buf, "%"PRItime, t);
+               } else if (type == TYPE_COLOR) {
+                       char v[COLOR_MAXLEN];
+                       if (git_config_color(v, key_, value_) < 0)
+                               return -1;
+                       strbuf_addstr(buf, v);
                } else if (value_) {
                        strbuf_addstr(buf, value_);
                } else {
@@ -347,6 +355,20 @@ static char *normalize_value(const char *key, const char 
*value)
                else
                        return xstrdup(v ? "true" : "false");
        }
+       if (type == TYPE_COLOR) {
+               char v[COLOR_MAXLEN];
+               if (git_config_color(v, key, value))
+                       die("cannot parse color '%s'", value);
+
+               /*
+                * The contents of `v` now contain an ANSI escape
+                * sequence, not suitable for including within a
+                * configuration file. Treat the above as a
+                * "sanity-check", and return the given value, which we
+                * know is representable as valid color code.
+                */
+               return xstrdup(value);
+       }
 
        die("BUG: cannot normalize type %d", type);
 }
diff --git a/t/t1300-repo-config.sh b/t/t1300-repo-config.sh
index f5ae80e9ae..c494733061 100755
--- a/t/t1300-repo-config.sh
+++ b/t/t1300-repo-config.sh
@@ -931,6 +931,36 @@ test_expect_success 'get --expiry-date' '
        test_must_fail git config --expiry-date date.invalid1
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'get --type=color' '
+       rm .git/config &&
+       git config foo.color "red" &&
+       git config --get --type=color foo.color >actual.raw &&
+       test_decode_color <actual.raw >actual &&
+       echo "<RED>" >expect &&
+       test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
+cat >expect << EOF
+[foo]
+       color = red
+EOF
+
+test_expect_success 'set --type=color' '
+       rm .git/config &&
+       git config --type=color foo.color "red" &&
+       test_cmp expect .git/config
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'get --type=color barfs on non-color' '
+       echo "[foo]bar=not-a-color" >.git/config &&
+       test_must_fail git config --get --type=color foo.bar
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'set --type=color barfs on non-color' '
+       test_must_fail git config --type=color foo.color "not-a-color" 2>error 
&&
+       test_i18ngrep "cannot parse color" error
+'
+
 cat > expect << EOF
 [quote]
        leading = " test"
-- 
2.17.0

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