Thanks, Junio! will dig in.

On 12:29 Fri 09 Aug 2019, Junio C Hamano wrote:
A release candidate Git v2.23.0-rc2 is now available for testing
at the usual places.  It is comprised of 483 non-merge commits
since v2.22.0, contributed by 67 people, 24 of which are new faces.

The tarballs are found at:

The following public repositories all have a copy of the
'v2.23.0-rc2' tag and the 'master' branch that the tag points at:

 url =
 url = git://
 url =

New contributors whose contributions weren't in v2.22.0 are as follows.
Welcome to the Git development community!

 Ariadne Conill, Barret Rhoden, Ben Avison, Daniel Ferreira,
 Doug Ilijev, Dr. Adam Nielsen, Jakub Wilk, John Lin, Mark
 Rushakoff, Matheus Tavares, Mazo, Andrey, Michael Osipov,
 Michael Platings, Miguel Ojeda, Mike Mueller, Morian Sonnet,
 Quentin Nerden, Robert Morgan, Simon Williams, Steven Roberts,
 Tigran Mkrtchyan, Varun Naik, Vishal Verma, and Xin Li.

Returning contributors who helped this release are as follows.
Thanks for your continued support.

 Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, Beat Bolli, Boxuan Li, brian
 m. carlson, Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón, Cesar Eduardo Barros,
 Chris Mayo, Christian Couder, Denton Liu, Derrick Stolee,
 Dimitriy Ryazantcev, Edmundo Carmona Antoranz, Elijah Newren,
 Emily Shaffer, Eric Wong, Felipe Contreras, Jean-Noël Avila,
 Jeff Hostetler, Jeff King, Johannes Schindelin, Johannes Sixt,
 Jonathan Nieder, Jonathan Tan, Josh Steadmon, Junio C Hamano,
 Karsten Blees, Marc-André Lureau, Martin Ågren, Matthew DeVore,
 Mike Hommey, Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Nickolai Belakovski,
 Paolo Bonzini, Philip Oakley, Phillip Wood, Ramsay Jones,
 René Scharfe, Rohit Ashiwal, Stephen Boyd, SZEDER Gábor,
 Taylor Blau, Thomas Gummerer, and William Chargin.


Git 2.23 Release Notes (draft)

Updates since v2.22

Backward compatibility note

* The "--base" option of "format-patch" computed the patch-ids for
  prerequisite patches in an unstable way, which has been updated to
  compute in a way that is compatible with "git patch-id --stable".

* The "git log" command by default behaves as if the --mailmap option
  was given.

UI, Workflows & Features

* The "git fast-export/import" pair has been taught to handle commits
  with log messages in encoding other than UTF-8 better.

* In recent versions of Git, per-worktree refs are exposed in
  refs/worktrees/<wtname>/ hierarchy, which means that worktree names
  must be a valid refname component.  The code now sanitizes the names
  given to worktrees, to make sure these refs are well-formed.

* "git merge" learned "--quit" option that cleans up the in-progress
  merge while leaving the working tree and the index still in a mess.

* "git format-patch" learns a configuration to set the default for
  its --notes=<ref> option.

* The code to show args with potential typo that cannot be
  interpreted as a commit-ish has been improved.

* "git clone --recurse-submodules" learned to set up the submodules
  to ignore commit object names recorded in the superproject gitlink
  and instead use the commits that happen to be at the tip of the
  remote-tracking branches from the get-go, by passing the new
  "--remote-submodules" option.

* The pattern "git diff/grep" use to extract funcname and words
  boundary for Matlab has been extend to cover Octave, which is more
  or less equivalent.

* "git help git" was hard to discover (well, at least for some

* The pattern "git diff/grep" use to extract funcname and words
  boundary for Rust has been added.

* "git status" can be told a non-standard default value for the
  "--[no-]ahead-behind" option with a new configuration variable

* "git fetch" and "git pull" reports when a fetch results in
  non-fast-forward updates to let the user notice unusual situation.
  The commands learned "--no-show-forced-updates" option to disable
  this safety feature.

* Two new commands "git switch" and "git restore" are introduced to
  split "checking out a branch to work on advancing its history" and
  "checking out paths out of the index and/or a tree-ish to work on
  advancing the current history" out of the single "git checkout"

* "git branch --list" learned to always output the detached HEAD as
  the first item (when the HEAD is detached, of course), regardless
  of the locale.

* The conditional inclusion mechanism learned to base the choice on
  the branch the HEAD currently is on.

* "git rev-list --objects" learned the "--no-object-names" option to
  squelch the path to the object that is used as a grouping hint for

* A new tag.gpgSign configuration variable turns "git tag -a" into
  "git tag -s".

* "git multi-pack-index" learned expire and repack subcommands.

* "git blame" learned to "ignore" commits in the history, whose
  effects (as well as their presence) get ignored.

* "git cherry-pick/revert" learned a new "--skip" action.

* The tips of refs from the alternate object store can be used as
  starting point for reachability computation now.

* Extra blank lines in "git status" output have been reduced.

* The commits in a repository can be described by multiple
  commit-graph files now, which allows the commit-graph files to be
  updated incrementally.

* "git range-diff" output has been tweaked for easier identification
  of which part of what file the patch shown is about.

Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.

* Update supporting parts of "git rebase" to remove code that should
  no longer be used.

* Developer support to emulate unsatisfied prerequisites in tests to
  ensure that the remainder of the tests still succeeds when tests
  with prerequisites are skipped.

* "git update-server-info" learned not to rewrite the file with the
  same contents.

* The way of specifying the path to find dynamic libraries at runtime
  has been simplified.  The old default to pass -R/path/to/dir has been
  replaced with the new default to pass -Wl,-rpath,/path/to/dir,
  which is the more recent GCC uses.  Those who need to build with an
  old GCC can still use "CC_LD_DYNPATH=-R"

* Prepare use of reachability index in topological walker that works
  on a range (A..B).

* A new tutorial targeting specifically aspiring git-core
  developers has been added.

* Auto-detect how to tell HP-UX aCC where to use dynamically linked
  libraries from at runtime.

* "git mergetool" and its tests now spawn fewer subprocesses.

* Dev support update to help tracing out tests.

* Support to build with MSVC has been updated.

* "git fetch" that grabs from a group of remotes learned to run the
  auto-gc only once at the very end.

* A handful of Windows build patches have been upstreamed.

* The code to read state files used by the sequencer machinery for
  "git status" has been made more robust against a corrupt or stale
  state files.

* "git for-each-ref" with multiple patterns have been optimized.

* The tree-walk API learned to pass an in-core repository
  instance throughout more codepaths.

* When one step in multi step cherry-pick or revert is reset or
  committed, the command line prompt script failed to notice the
  current status, which has been improved.

* Many GIT_TEST_* environment variables control various aspects of
  how our tests are run, but a few followed "non-empty is true, empty
  or unset is false" while others followed the usual "there are a few
  ways to spell true, like yes, on, etc., and also ways to spell
  false, like no, off, etc." convention.

* Adjust the dir-iterator API and apply it to the local clone
  optimization codepath.

* We have been trying out a few language features outside c89; the
  coding guidelines document did not talk about them and instead had
  a blanket ban against them.

* A test helper has been introduced to optimize preparation of test
  repositories with many simple commits, and a handful of test
  scripts have been updated to use it.

Fixes since v2.22

* A relative pathname given to "git init --template=<path> <repo>"
  ought to be relative to the directory "git init" gets invoked in,
  but it instead was made relative to the repository, which has been

* "git worktree add" used to fail when another worktree connected to
  the same repository was corrupt, which has been corrected.

* The ownership rule for the file descriptor to fast-import remote
  backend was mixed up, leading to an unrelated file descriptor getting
  closed, which has been fixed.

* A "merge -c" instruction during "git rebase --rebase-merges" should
  give the user a chance to edit the log message, even when there is
  otherwise no need to create a new merge and replace the existing
  one (i.e. fast-forward instead), but did not.  Which has been

* Code cleanup and futureproof.

* More parameter validation.

* "git update-server-info" used to leave stale packfiles in its
  output, which has been corrected.

* The server side support for "git fetch" used to show incorrect
  value for the HEAD symbolic ref when the namespace feature is in
  use, which has been corrected.

* "git am -i --resolved" segfaulted after trying to see a commit as
  if it were a tree, which has been corrected.

* "git bundle verify" needs to see if prerequisite objects exist in
  the receiving repository, but the command did not check if we are
  in a repository upfront, which has been corrected.

* "git merge --squash" is designed to update the working tree and the
  index without creating the commit, and this cannot be countermanded
  by adding the "--commit" option; the command now refuses to work
  when both options are given.

* The data collected by fsmonitor was not properly written back to
  the on-disk index file, breaking t7519 tests occasionally, which
  has been corrected.

* Update to Unicode 12.1 width table.

* The command line to invoke a "git cat-file" command from inside
  "git p4" was not properly quoted to protect a caret and running a
  broken command on Windows, which has been corrected.

* "git request-pull" learned to warn when the ref we ask them to pull
  from in the local repository and in the published repository are

* When creating a partial clone, the object filtering criteria is
  recorded for the origin of the clone, but this incorrectly used a
  hardcoded name "origin" to name that remote; it has been corrected
  to honor the "--origin <name>" option.

* "git fetch" into a lazy clone forgot to fetch base objects that are
  necessary to complete delta in a thin packfile, which has been

* The filter_data used in the list-objects-filter (which manages a
  lazily sparse clone repository) did not use the dynamic array API
  correctly---'nr' is supposed to point at one past the last element
  of the array in use.  This has been corrected.

* The description about slashes in gitignore patterns (used to
  indicate things like "anchored to this level only" and "only
  matches directories") has been revamped.

* The URL decoding code has been updated to avoid going past the end
  of the string while parsing %-<hex>-<hex> sequence.

* The list of for-each like macros used by clang-format has been

* "git branch --list" learned to show branches that are checked out
  in other worktrees connected to the same repository prefixed with
  '+', similar to the way the currently checked out branch is shown
  with '*' in front.
  (merge 6e9381469e nb/branch-show-other-worktrees-head later to maint).

* Code restructuring during 2.20 period broke fetching tags via
  "import" based transports.

* The commit-graph file is now part of the "files that the runtime
  may keep open file descriptors on, all of which would need to be
  closed when done with the object store", and the file descriptor to
  an existing commit-graph file now is closed before "gc" finalizes a
  new instance to replace it.

* "git checkout -p" needs to selectively apply a patch in reverse,
  which did not work well.

* Code clean-up to avoid signed integer wraparounds during binary search.

* "git interpret-trailers" always treated '#' as the comment
  character, regardless of core.commentChar setting, which has been

* "git stash show 23" used to work, but no more after getting
  rewritten in C; this regression has been corrected.

* "git rebase --abort" used to leave refs/rewritten/ when concluding
  "git rebase -r", which has been corrected.

* An incorrect list of options was cached after command line
  completion failed (e.g. trying to complete a command that requires
  a repository outside one), which has been corrected.

* The code to parse scaled numbers out of configuration files has
  been made more robust and also easier to follow.

* The codepath to compute delta islands used to spew progress output
  without giving the callers any way to squelch it, which has been

* Protocol capabilities that go over wire should never be translated,
  but it was incorrectly marked for translation, which has been
  corrected.  The output of protocol capabilities for debugging has
  been tweaked a bit.

* Use "Erase in Line" CSI sequence that is already used in the editor
  support to clear cruft in the progress output.

* "git submodule foreach" did not protect command line options passed
  to the command to be run in each submodule correctly, when the
  "--recursive" option was in use.

* The configuration variable rebase.rescheduleFailedExec should be
  effective only while running an interactive rebase and should not
  affect anything when running a non-interactive one, which was not
  the case.  This has been corrected.

* The "git clone" documentation refers to command line options in its
  description in the short form; they have been replaced with long
  forms to make them more recognisable.

* Generation of pack bitmaps are now disabled when .keep files exist,
  as these are mutually exclusive features.
  (merge 7328482253 ew/repack-with-bitmaps-by-default later to maint).

* "git rm" to resolve a conflicted path leaked an internal message
  "needs merge" before actually removing the path, which was
  confusing.  This has been corrected.

* "git stash --keep-index" did not work correctly on paths that have
  been removed, which has been fixed.
  (merge b932f6a5e8 tg/stash-keep-index-with-removed-paths later to maint).

* Window 7 update ;-)

* A codepath that reads from GPG for signed object verification read
  past the end of allocated buffer, which has been fixed.

* "git clean" silently skipped a path when it cannot lstat() it; now
  it gives a warning.

* "git push --atomic" that goes over the transport-helper (namely,
  the smart http transport) failed to prevent refs to be pushed when
  it can locally tell that one of the ref update will fail without
  having to consult the other end, which has been corrected.

* The internal diff machinery can be made to read out of bounds while
  looking for --function-context line in a corner case, which has been
  (merge b777f3fd61 jk/xdiff-clamp-funcname-context-index later to maint).

* Other code cleanup, docfix, build fix, etc.
  (merge fbec05c210 cc/test-oidmap later to maint).
  (merge 7a06fb038c jk/no-system-includes-in-dot-c later to maint).
  (merge 81ed2b405c cb/xdiff-no-system-includes-in-dot-c later to maint).
  (merge d61e6ce1dd sg/fsck-config-in-doc later to maint).


Changes since v2.22.0 are as follows:

Ariadne Conill (3):
     log: add warning for unspecified log.mailmap setting
     documentation: mention --no-use-mailmap and log.mailmap false setting
     tests: defang pager tests by explicitly disabling the log.mailmap warning

Barret Rhoden (8):
     fsck: rename and touch up init_skiplist()
     Move oidset_parse_file() to oidset.c
     blame: use a helper function in blame_chunk()
     blame: add the ability to ignore commits and their changes
     blame: add config options for the output of ignored or unblamable lines
     blame: optionally track line fingerprints during fill_blame_origin()
     blame: use the fingerprint heuristic to match ignored lines
     blame: add a test to cover blame_coalesce()

Beat Bolli (2):
     unicode: update the width tables to Unicode 12.1
     grep: print the pcre2_jit_on value

Ben Avison (1):
     clone: add `--remote-submodules` flag

Boxuan Li (2):
     userdiff: add Octave
     userdiff: fix grammar and style issues

Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón (6):
     fsmonitor: avoid signed integer overflow / infinite loop
     wrapper: avoid undefined behaviour in macOS
     trace2: correct typo in technical documentation
     xdiff: drop system includes in xutils.c
     xdiff: remove duplicate headers from xhistogram.c
     xdiff: remove duplicate headers from xpatience.c

Cesar Eduardo Barros (1):
     mingw: embed a manifest to trick UAC into Doing The Right Thing

Chris Mayo (1):
     send-email: update documentation of required Perl modules

Christian Couder (7):
     t/helper: add test-oidmap.c
     t: add
     oidmap: use sha1hash() instead of static hash() function
     test-hashmap: remove 'hash' command
     doc: improve usage string in MyFirstContribution
     test-oidmap: remove 'add' subcommand
     t0016: add 'remove' subcommand test

Daniel Ferreira (1):
     dir-iterator: add tests for dir-iterator API

Denton Liu (5):
     git-format-patch.txt: document --no-notes option
     format-patch: teach format.notes config option
     config: learn the "onbranch:" includeIf condition
     config/alias.txt: change " and ' to `
     config/alias.txt: document alias accepting non-command first word

Derrick Stolee (51):
     commit-graph: fix the_repository reference
     revision: use generation for A..B --topo-order queries
     revision: keep topo-walk free of unintersting commits
     sha1-file: split OBJECT_INFO_FOR_PREFETCH
     repack: refactor pack deletion for future use
     Docs: rearrange subcommands for multi-pack-index
     multi-pack-index: prepare for 'expire' subcommand
     midx: simplify computation of pack name lengths
     midx: refactor permutation logic and pack sorting
     multi-pack-index: implement 'expire' subcommand
     multi-pack-index: prepare 'repack' subcommand
     midx: implement midx_repack()
     multi-pack-index: test expire while adding packs
     midx: add test that 'expire' respects .keep files test batch size zero
     commit-graph: return with errors during write
     commit-graph: collapse parameters into flags
     commit-graph: remove Future Work section
     commit-graph: create write_commit_graph_context
     commit-graph: extract fill_oids_from_packs()
     commit-graph: extract fill_oids_from_commit_hex()
     commit-graph: extract fill_oids_from_all_packs()
     commit-graph: extract count_distinct_commits()
     commit-graph: extract copy_oids_to_commits()
     commit-graph: extract write_commit_graph_file()
     commit-graph: use raw_object_store when closing
     packfile: close commit-graph in close_all_packs
     packfile: rename close_all_packs to close_object_store
     commit-graph: document commit-graph chains
     commit-graph: prepare for commit-graph chains
     commit-graph: rename commit_compare to oid_compare
     commit-graph: load commit-graph chains
     commit-graph: add base graphs chunk
     commit-graph: rearrange chunk count logic
     commit-graph: write commit-graph chains
     commit-graph: add --split option to builtin
     commit-graph: merge commit-graph chains
     commit-graph: allow cross-alternate chains
     commit-graph: expire commit-graph files
     commit-graph: create options for split files
     commit-graph: verify chains with --shallow mode
     commit-graph: clean up chains after flattened write
     commit-graph: test octopus merges with --split
     commit-graph: test --split across alternate without --split
     commit-graph: normalize commit-graph filenames
     commit-graph: test verify across alternates
     fetch: add --[no-]show-forced-updates argument
     fetch: warn about forced updates in branch listing
     pull: add --[no-]show-forced-updates passthrough
     t5319: use 'test-tool path-utils' instead of 'ls -l'
     commit-graph: fix bug around octopus merges

Dimitriy Ryazantcev (1):
     l10n: localizable upload progress messages

Doug Ilijev (1):
     README: fix rendering of text in angle brackets

Dr. Adam Nielsen (1):
     gitignore.txt: make slash-rules more readable

Edmundo Carmona Antoranz (1):
     builtin/merge.c - cleanup of code in for-cycle that tests strategies

Elijah Newren (6):
     t9350: fix encoding test to actually test reencoding
     fast-import: support 'encoding' commit header
     fast-export: avoid stripping encoding header if we cannot reencode
     fast-export: differentiate between explicitly UTF-8 and implicitly UTF-8
     fast-export: do automatic reencoding of commit messages only if requested
     merge-recursive: avoid directory rename detection in recursive case

Emily Shaffer (7):
     documentation: add tutorial for first contribution
     documentation: add anchors to MyFirstContribution
     grep: fail if call could output and name is null
     doc: hint about GIT_DEBUGGER in CodingGuidelines
     doc: add some nit fixes to MyFirstContribution
     rev-list: teach --no-object-names to enable piping
     transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push

Eric Wong (3):
     update-server-info: avoid needless overwrites
     server-info: do not list unlinked packs
     repack: disable bitmaps-by-default if .keep files exist

Felipe Contreras (5):
     t5801 (remote-helpers): cleanup refspec stuff
     t5801 (remote-helpers): add test to fetch tags
     fetch: trivial cleanup
     fetch: make the code more understandable
     fetch: fix regression with transport helpers

Jakub Wilk (1):
     doc: don't use as example gitweb URL

Jean-Noël Avila (1):
     l10n: reformat some localized strings for v2.23.0

Jeff Hostetler (13):
     cache-tree/blame: avoid reusing the DEBUG constant
     msvc: mark a variable as non-const
     msvc: do not re-declare the timespec struct
     msvc: define ftello()
     msvc: fix detect_msys_tty()
     msvc: update Makefile to allow for spaces in the compiler path
     status: add status.aheadbehind setting
     status: warn when a/b calculation takes too long
     status: ignore status.aheadbehind in porcelain formats
     msvc: support building Git using MS Visual C++
     msvc: add a compile-time flag to allow detailed heap debugging
     msvc: do not pretend to support all signals
     msvc: ignore .dll and incremental compile output

Jeff King (57):
     cmd_{read,write}_tree: rename "unused" variable that is used
     builtin: consistently pass cmd_* prefix to parse_options
     submodule: drop unused prefix parameter from some functions
     clone: drop dest parameter from copy_alternates()
     read-cache: drop unused parameter from threaded load
     wt-status: drop unused status parameter
     mktree: drop unused length parameter
     name-rev: drop unused parameters from is_better_name()
     pack-objects: drop unused rev_info parameters
     receive-pack: drop unused "commands" from prepare_shallow_update()
     remove_all_fetch_refspecs(): drop unused "remote" parameter
     rev-list: drop unused void pointer from finish_commit()
     show-branch: drop unused parameter from show_independent()
     verify-commit: simplify parameters to run_gpg_verify()
     help_unknown_ref(): duplicate collected refnames
     help_unknown_ref(): check for refname ambiguity
     upload-pack: strip namespace from symref data
     am: simplify prompt response handling
     am: read interactive input from stdin
     am: drop tty requirement for --interactive
     am: fix --interactive HEAD tree resolution
     interpret-trailers: load default config
     verify-tag: drop signal.h include
     wt-status.h: drop stdio.h include
     describe: fix accidental oid/hash type-punning
     upload-pack: rename a "sha1" variable to "oid"
     pack-bitmap-write: convert some helpers to use object_id
     pack-objects: convert packlist_find() to use object_id
     pack-objects: convert locate_object_entry_hash() to object_id
     object: convert lookup_unknown_object() to use object_id
     object: convert lookup_object() to use object_id
     object: convert internal hash_obj() to object_id
     object: convert create_object() to use object_id
     khash: drop broken oid_map typedef
     khash: rename kh_oid_t to kh_oid_set
     delta-islands: convert island_marks khash to use oids
     pack-bitmap: convert khash_sha1 maps into kh_oid_map
     khash: drop sha1-specific map types
     khash: rename oid helper functions
     hash.h: move object_id definition from cache.h
     hashmap: convert sha1hash() to oidhash()
     delta-islands: respect progress flag
     blame: drop some unused function parameters
     object-store.h: move for_each_alternate_ref() from transport.h
     check_everything_connected: assume alternate ref tips are valid
     test-lib: introduce test_commit_bulk
     t5310: increase the number of bitmapped commits
     t3311: use test_commit_bulk
     t5702: use test_commit_bulk
     t5703: use test_commit_bulk
     t6200: use test_commit_bulk
     xdiff: clamp function context indices in post-image
     t: sort output of hashmap iteration
     t7700: clean up .keep file in bitmap-writing test
     repack: silence warnings when auto-enabled bitmaps cannot be built
     repack: simplify handling of auto-bitmaps and .keep files
     t0000: reword comments for "local" test

Johannes Schindelin (47):
     Drop unused
     t3400: stop referring to the scripted rebase
     .gitignore: there is no longer a built-in `git-rebase--interactive`
     sequencer: the `am` and `rebase--interactive` scripts are gone
     rebase: fold git-rebase--common into the -p backend
     bisect--helper: verify HEAD could be parsed before continuing
     fill_stat_cache_info(): prepare for an fsmonitor fix
     mark_fsmonitor_valid(): mark the index as changed if needed
     bundle verify: error out if called without an object database
     poll (mingw): allow compiling with GCC 8 and DEVELOPER=1
     kwset: allow building with GCC 8
     winansi: simplify loading the GetCurrentConsoleFontEx() function
     config: avoid calling `labs()` on too-large data type
     t3404: fix a typo
     mingw: fix a typo in the msysGit-specific section
     Mark .bat files as requiring CR/LF endings
     t0001 (mingw): do not expect a specific order of stdout/stderr
     obstack: fix compiler warning
     mingw: replace mingw_startup() hack
     msvc: fix dependencies of compat/msvc.c
     t0001: fix on case-insensitive filesystems
     msvc: avoid debug assertion windows in Debug Mode
     mingw: enable stack smashing protector
     mingw: get pw_name in UTF-8 format
     mingw: use Unicode functions explicitly
     rebase --am: ignore rebase.rescheduleFailedExec
     mingw: fix possible buffer overrun when calling `GetUserNameW()`
     diff: munmap() file contents before running external diff
     mingw: support spawning programs containing spaces in their names
     clean: show an error message when the path is too long
     rebase: fix white-space
     git: mark cmd_rebase as requiring a worktree auto-generate GUIDs do not configure VCWebServiceProxyGeneratorTool urlencode '<' and '>' when generating VC projects
     contrib/buildsystems: ignore irrelevant files in Generators/
     contrib/buildsystems: error out on unknown option
     contrib/buildsystems: handle libiconv, too
     contrib/buildsystems: also handle -lexpat
     contrib/buildsystems: handle options starting with a slash
     contrib/buildsystems: add a backend for modern Visual Studio versions
     msvc: add a Makefile target to pre-generate the Visual Studio solution
     vcxproj: also link-or-copy builtins
     .gitignore: ignore Visual Studio's temporary/generated files
     bin-wrappers: append `.exe` to target paths if necessary
     git: avoid calling aliased builtins via their dashed form
     config: work around bug with includeif:onbranch and early config

Johannes Sixt (5):
     userdiff: two simplifications of patterns for rust
     t7610-mergetool: do not place pipelines headed by `yes` in subshells
     t7610-mergetool: use test_cmp instead of test $(cat file) = $txt
     mergetool: dissect strings with shell variable magic instead of `expr`
     mergetool: use shell variable magic instead of `awk`

John Lin (1):
     status: remove the empty line after hints

Jonathan Nieder (1):
     t: decrease nesting in test_oid_to_path

Jonathan Tan (5):
     t5616: refactor packfile replacement
     index-pack: prefetch missing REF_DELTA bases
     t5616: use correct flag to check object is missing
     t5616: cover case of client having delta base
     t5551: test usage of chunked encoding explicitly

Josh Steadmon (1):
     trace2: correct trace2 field name documentation

Junio C Hamano (19):
     The first batch after 2.22
     The second batch
     The third batch
     The fourth batch
     The fifth batch
     transport-helper: avoid var decl in for () loop control
     rm: resolving by removal is not a warning-worthy event
     CodingGuidelines: spell out post-C89 rules
     The sixth batch
     The seventh batch
     Flush fixes up to the third batch post 2.22.0
     Merge fixes made on the 'master' front
     Git 2.23-rc0
     test-dir-iterator: do not assume errno values
     A few more last-minute fixes
     log: flip the --mailmap default unconditionally
     log: really flip the --mailmap default
     Git 2.23-rc1
     Git 2.23-rc2

Karsten Blees (2):
     gettext: always use UTF-8 on native Windows
     mingw: initialize HOME on startup

Marc-André Lureau (1):
     userdiff: add built-in pattern for rust

Mark Rushakoff (1):
     doc: typo: s/can not/cannot/ and s/is does/does/

Martin Ågren (3):
     ref-filter: fix memory leak in `free_array_item()`
     RelNotes/2.21.1: typofix
     RelNotes/2.23.0: fix a few typos and other minor issues

Matheus Tavares (8):
     clone: better handle symlinked files at .git/objects/
     dir-iterator: use warning_errno when possible
     dir-iterator: refactor state machine model
     dir-iterator: add flags parameter to dir_iterator_begin
     clone: copy hidden paths at local clone
     clone: extract function from copy_or_link_directory
     clone: use dir-iterator to avoid explicit dir traversal
     clone: replace strcmp by fspathcmp

Matthew DeVore (5):
     list-objects-filter-options: error is localizeable
     list-objects-filter: correct usage of ALLOC_GROW
     url: do not read past end of buffer
     url: do not allow %00 to represent NUL in URLs
     ref-filter: sort detached HEAD lines firstly

Mazo, Andrey (8):
     git-p4: detect/prevent infinite loop in gitCommitByP4Change()
     git-p4: add failing test for "git-p4: match branches case insensitively if 
     git-p4: match branches case insensitively if configured
     git-p4: don't groom exclude path list on every commit
     git-p4: add failing test for "don't exclude other files with same prefix"
     git-p4: don't exclude other files with same prefix
     git-p4: add failing test for "git-p4: respect excluded paths when detecting 
     git-p4: respect excluded paths when detecting branches

Michael Osipov (1):
     configure: Detect linking style for HP aCC on HP-UX

Michael Platings (2):
     blame: add a fingerprint heuristic to match ignored lines
     t8014: remove unnecessary braces

Miguel Ojeda (1):
     clang-format: use git grep to generate the ForEachMacros list

Mike Hommey (2):
     dup() the input fd for fast-import used for remote helpers
     Use xmmap_gently instead of xmmap in use_pack

Mike Mueller (1):
     p4 unshelve: fix "Not a valid object name HEAD0" on Windows

Morian Sonnet (1):
     submodule foreach: fix recursion of options

Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy (63):
     git-checkout.txt: spell out --no-option
     git-checkout.txt: fix one syntax line
     doc: document --overwrite-ignore
     git-checkout.txt: fix monospace typeset
     t: rename to
     checkout: advice how to get out of detached HEAD mode
     checkout: inform the user when removing branch state
     checkout: keep most #include sorted
     checkout: factor out some code in parse_branchname_arg()
     checkout: make "opts" in cmd_checkout() a pointer
     checkout: move 'confict_style' and 'dwim_..' to checkout_opts
     checkout: split options[] array in three pieces
     checkout: split part of it to new command 'switch'
     switch: better names for -b and -B
     switch: add --discard-changes
     switch: remove -l
     switch: stop accepting pathspec
     switch: reject "do nothing" case
     switch: only allow explicit detached HEAD
     switch: add short option for --detach
     switch: implicit dwim, use --no-guess to disable it
     switch: no worktree status unless real branch switch happens
     switch: reject if some operation is in progress
     switch: make --orphan switch to an empty tree
     t: add tests for switch
     completion: support switch
     doc: promote "git switch"
     checkout: split part of it to new command 'restore'
     restore: take tree-ish from --source option instead
     restore: make pathspec mandatory
     restore: disable overlay mode by default
     checkout: factor out worktree checkout code
     restore: add --worktree and --staged
     restore: reject invalid combinations with --staged
     restore: default to --source=HEAD when only --staged is specified
     restore: replace --force with --ignore-unmerged
     restore: support --patch
     t: add tests for restore
     completion: support restore
     user-manual.txt: prefer 'merge --abort' over 'reset --hard'
     doc: promote "git restore"
     help: move git-diff and git-reset to different groups
     Declare both git-switch and git-restore experimental
     merge: remove drop_save() in favor of remove_merge_branch_state()
     init: make --template path relative to $CWD
     worktree add: sanitize worktree names
     worktree add: be tolerant of corrupt worktrees
     merge: add --quit
     completion: do not cache if --git-completion-helper fails
     fetch: only run 'gc' once when fetching multiple remotes
     t2027: use test_must_be_empty
     switch: allow to switch in the middle of bisect
     completion: disable dwim on "git switch -d"
     fetch-pack: move capability names out of i18n strings
     fetch-pack: print all relevant supported capabilities with -v -v
     fetch-pack: print server version at the top in -v -v
     sha1-file.c: remove the_repo from read_object_with_reference()
     tree-walk.c: remove the_repo from fill_tree_descriptor()
     tree-walk.c: remove the_repo from get_tree_entry()
     tree-walk.c: remove the_repo from get_tree_entry_follow_symlinks()
     match-trees.c: remove the_repo from shift_tree*()
     Use the right 'struct repository' instead of the_repository
     t7814: do not generate same commits in different repos

Nickolai Belakovski (3):
     ref-filter: add worktreepath atom
     branch: update output to include worktree info
     branch: add worktree info on verbose output

Paolo Bonzini (2):
     request-pull: quote regex metacharacters in local ref
     request-pull: warn if the remote object is not the same as the local one

Philip Oakley (15):
     git.c: show usage for accessing the git(1) help page
     Doc: git.txt: remove backticks from link and add
     doc branch: provide examples for listing remote tracking branches
     msvc: include sigset_t definition
     msvc: define O_ACCMODE
     msvc: add pragmas for common warnings list git.exe first to be startup project
     contrib/buildsystems: ignore invalidcontinue.obj
     contrib/buildsystems: fix misleading error message
     contrib/buildsystems: handle quoted spaces in filenames
     contrib/buildsystems: ignore gettext stuff
     contrib/buildsystems: redirect errors of the dry run into a log file
     contrib/buildsystems: optionally capture the dry-run in a file
     contrib/buildsystems: handle the curl library option
     .gitignore: touch up the entries regarding Visual Studio

Phillip Wood (12):
     rebase: fix a memory leak
     rebase: warn if state directory cannot be removed
     sequencer: return errors from sequencer_remove_state()
     rebase --abort/--quit: cleanup refs/rewritten
     rebase -r: always reword merge -c
     add -p: fix checkout -p with pathological context
     show --continue/skip etc. consistently in synopsis
     sequencer: always allow tab after command name
     sequencer: factor out todo command name parsing
     status: do not report errors in sequencer/todo
     git-prompt: improve cherry-pick/revert detection
     t3420: remove progress lines before comparing output

Quentin Nerden (2):
     docs: git-clone: refer to long form of options
     docs: git-clone: list short form of options first

Ramsay Jones (1):
     env--helper: mark a file-local symbol as static

René Scharfe (10):
     cleanup: fix possible overflow errors in binary search, part 2
     coccinelle: use COPY_ARRAY for copying arrays
     use COPY_ARRAY for copying arrays
     config: use unsigned_mult_overflows to check for overflows
     config: don't multiply in parse_unit_factor()
     config: simplify parsing of unit factors
     commit-graph: release strbufs after use
     dir-iterator: release strbuf after use
     test-dir-iterator: use path argument directly
     sha1-file: release strbuf after use

Robert Morgan (1):
     gpg(docs): use correct --verify syntax

Rohit Ashiwal (5):
     sequencer: add advice for revert
     sequencer: rename reset_for_rollback to reset_merge
     sequencer: use argv_array in reset_merge
     cherry-pick/revert: add --skip option
     cherry-pick/revert: advise using --skip

SZEDER Gábor (12):
     t3404: modernize here doc style
     t3404: make the 'rebase.missingCommitsCheck=ignore' test more focused
     pager: add a helper function to clear the last line in the terminal
     t5551: use 'test_i18ngrep' to check translated output
     rebase: fix garbled progress display with '-x'
     progress: use term_clear_line()
     Document that 'git -C ""' works and doesn't change directory
     ci: don't update Homebrew
     ci: disable Homebrew's auto cleanup
     ci/ update a comment about installed P4 and Git-LFS versions
     travis-ci: build with GCC 4.8 as well
     Documentation/git-fsck.txt: include fsck.* config variables

Simon Williams (1):
     git-p4: allow unshelving of branched files

Stephen Boyd (2):
     format-patch: inform user that patch-id generation is unstable
     format-patch: make --base patch-id output stable

Steven Roberts (1):
     gpg-interface: do not scan past the end of buffer

Taylor Blau (1):
     ref-filter.c: find disjoint pattern prefixes

Thomas Gummerer (16):
     stash: fix show referencing stash index
     apply: replace link with public-inbox
     apply: only pass required data to skip_tree_prefix
     apply: only pass required data to git_header_name
     apply: only pass required data to check_header_line
     apply: only pass required data to find_name_*
     apply: only pass required data to gitdiff_* functions
     apply: make parse_git_diff_header public
     range-diff: fix function parameter indentation
     range-diff: split lines manually
     range-diff: don't remove funcname from inner diff
     range-diff: suppress line count in outer diff
     range-diff: add section header instead of diff header
     range-diff: add filename to inner diff
     range-diff: add headers to the outer hunk header
     stash: fix handling removed files with --keep-index

Tigran Mkrtchyan (1):
     tag: add tag.gpgSign config option to force all tags be GPG-signed

Varun Naik (1):
     read-cache.c: do not die if mmap fails

Vishal Verma (1):
     merge: refuse --commit with --squash

William Chargin (1):
     restore: fix typo in docs

Xin Li (1):
     clone: respect user supplied origin name when setting up partial clone

brian m. carlson (10):
     t: add helper to convert object IDs to paths
     t1410: make hash size independent
     t1450: make hash size independent
     t5000: make hash independent
     t6030: make test work with SHA-256
     t0027: make hash size independent
     t0090: make test pass with SHA-256
     t1007: remove SHA1 prerequisites
     t1710: make hash independent
     t2203: avoid hard-coded object ID values

Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason (21):
     send-email: move the read_config() function above getopts
     send-email: rename the @bcclist variable for consistency
     send-email: do defaults -> config -> getopt in that order
     tests: add a special setup where prerequisites fail
     Makefile: remove the NO_R_TO_GCC_LINKER flag
     send-email: remove cargo-culted multi-patch pattern in tests
     send-email: fix broken transferEncoding tests
     send-email: document --no-[to|cc|bcc]
     hash-object doc: stop mentioning git-cvsimport
     send-email: fix regression in sendemail.identity parsing
     Revert "test-lib: whitelist GIT_TR2_* in the environment"
     config tests: simplify include cycle test
     env--helper: new undocumented builtin wrapping git_env_*()
     config.c: refactor die_bad_number() to not call gettext() early
     t6040 test: stop using global "script" variable
     tests: make GIT_TEST_GETTEXT_POISON a boolean
     tests README: re-flow a previously changed paragraph
     tests: replace test_tristate with "git env--helper"
     tests: make GIT_TEST_FAIL_PREREQS a boolean
     tests: mark two failing tests under FAIL_PREREQS
     clone: test for our behavior on odd objects/* content

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