This macro is popular within the Linux kernel for supporting
intrusive data structures such as linked lists, red-black trees,
and chained hash tables while allowing the compiler to do
type checking.

Later patches will use container_of() to remove the limitation
of "hashmap_entry" being location-dependent. This will complete
the transition to compile-time type checking for the hashmap API.

This macro already exists in our source as "list_entry" in
list.h and making "list_entry" an alias to "container_of"
as the Linux kernel has done is a possibility.

Signed-off-by: Eric Wong <>
Reviewed-by: Derrick Stolee <>
 git-compat-util.h | 10 ++++++++++
 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+)

diff --git a/git-compat-util.h b/git-compat-util.h
index 83be89de0a..4cc2c8283a 100644
--- a/git-compat-util.h
+++ b/git-compat-util.h
@@ -1312,4 +1312,14 @@ void unleak_memory(const void *ptr, size_t len);
 #include "banned.h"
+ * container_of - Get the address of an object containing a field.
+ *
+ * @ptr: pointer to the field.
+ * @type: type of the object.
+ * @member: name of the field within the object.
+ */
+#define container_of(ptr, type, member) \
+       ((type *) ((char *)(ptr) - offsetof(type, member)))

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