From: =?UTF-8?q?Carlo=20Marcelo=20Arenas=20Bel=C3=B3n?= <>

94da9193a6 (grep: add support for PCRE v2, 2017-06-01) didn't include
a way to override the system allocator, and so it is incompatible with
custom allocators (e.g. nedmalloc). This problem became obvious when we
tried to plug a memory leak by `free()`ing a data structure allocated by
PCRE2, triggering a segfault in Windows (where we use nedmalloc by

PCRE2 requires the use of a general context to override the allocator
and therefore, there is a lot more code needed than in PCRE1, including
a couple of wrapper functions.

Extend the grep API with a "destructor" that could be called to cleanup
any objects that were created and used globally.

Update `builtin/grep.c` to use that new API, but any other future users
should make sure to have matching `grep_init()`/`grep_destroy()` calls
if they are using the pattern matching functionality.

Move some of the logic that was before done per thread (in the workers)
into an earlier phase to avoid degrading performance, but as the use of
PCRE2 with custom allocators is better understood it is expected more of
its functions will be instructed to use the custom allocator as well as
was done in the original code[1] this work was based on.


Reported-by: Johannes Schindelin <>
Signed-off-by: Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón <>
Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <>
 builtin/grep.c |  1 +
 grep.c         | 34 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 grep.h         |  1 +
 3 files changed, 35 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/builtin/grep.c b/builtin/grep.c
index 560051784e..e49c20df60 100644
--- a/builtin/grep.c
+++ b/builtin/grep.c
@@ -1145,5 +1145,6 @@ int cmd_grep(int argc, const char **argv, const char 
                run_pager(&opt, prefix);
+       grep_destroy();
        return !hit;
diff --git a/grep.c b/grep.c
index db6e0d895f..296edbb56f 100644
--- a/grep.c
+++ b/grep.c
@@ -16,6 +16,20 @@ static int grep_source_is_binary(struct grep_source *gs,
 static struct grep_opt grep_defaults;
+#ifdef USE_LIBPCRE2
+static pcre2_general_context *pcre2_global_context;
+static void *pcre2_malloc(PCRE2_SIZE size, MAYBE_UNUSED void *memory_data)
+       return malloc(size);
+static void pcre2_free(void *pointer, MAYBE_UNUSED void *memory_data)
+       return free(pointer);
 static const char *color_grep_slots[] = {
        [GREP_COLOR_CONTEXT]        = "context",
        [GREP_COLOR_FILENAME]       = "filename",
@@ -153,12 +167,20 @@ int grep_config(const char *var, const char *value, void 
  * If using PCRE, make sure that the library is configured
  * to use the same allocator as Git (e.g. nedmalloc on Windows).
+ *
+ * Any allocated memory needs to be released in grep_destroy().
 void grep_init(struct grep_opt *opt, struct repository *repo, const char 
        struct grep_opt *def = &grep_defaults;
        int i;
+#if defined(USE_LIBPCRE2)
+       if (!pcre2_global_context)
+               pcre2_global_context = pcre2_general_context_create(
+                                       pcre2_malloc, pcre2_free, NULL);
 #ifdef USE_LIBPCRE1
        pcre_malloc = malloc;
        pcre_free = free;
@@ -186,6 +208,13 @@ void grep_init(struct grep_opt *opt, struct repository 
*repo, const char *prefix
                color_set(opt->colors[i], def->colors[i]);
+void grep_destroy(void)
+#ifdef USE_LIBPCRE2
+       pcre2_general_context_free(pcre2_global_context);
 static void grep_set_pattern_type_option(enum grep_pattern_type pattern_type, 
struct grep_opt *opt)
@@ -505,9 +534,12 @@ static void compile_pcre2_pattern(struct grep_pat *p, 
const struct grep_opt *opt
        p->pcre2_compile_context = NULL;
+       /* pcre2_global_context is initialized in append_grep_pattern */
        if (opt->ignore_case) {
                if (has_non_ascii(p->pattern)) {
-                       character_tables = pcre2_maketables(NULL);
+                       if (!pcre2_global_context)
+                               BUG("pcre2_global_context uninitialized");
+                       character_tables = 
                        p->pcre2_compile_context = 
diff --git a/grep.h b/grep.h
index 1875880f37..526c2db9ef 100644
--- a/grep.h
+++ b/grep.h
@@ -189,6 +189,7 @@ struct grep_opt {
 void init_grep_defaults(struct repository *);
 int grep_config(const char *var, const char *value, void *);
 void grep_init(struct grep_opt *, struct repository *repo, const char *prefix);
+void grep_destroy(void);
 void grep_commit_pattern_type(enum grep_pattern_type, struct grep_opt *opt);
 void append_grep_pat(struct grep_opt *opt, const char *pat, size_t patlen, 
const char *origin, int no, enum grep_pat_token t);

Reply via email to