Miklos Vajna <vmik...@suse.cz> writes:

> Fix this bug and make sure all arguments are commits, and
> for the first non-commit, error out with:
>       fatal: <name>: Can't cherry-pick a <type>

> @@ -1067,6 +1068,23 @@ int sequencer_pick_revisions(struct replay_opts *opts)
>       if (opts->subcommand == REPLAY_CONTINUE)
>               return sequencer_continue(opts);
> +     for (i = 0; i < opts->revs->pending.nr; i++) {
> +             unsigned char sha1[20];
> +             const char *name = opts->revs->pending.objects[i].name;
> +
> +             /* This happens when using --stdin. */
> +             if (!strlen(name))
> +                     continue;

This is undefined behavior; the pending.objects[i].name has been freed
already.  Luckily valgrind points you right at it:

  ==9178== Invalid read of size 1
  ==9178==    at 0x4CEFB4: sequencer_pick_revisions (sequencer.c:1077)
  ==9178==    by 0x45E7F2: cmd_cherry_pick (revert.c:236)
  ==9178==    by 0x40523C: handle_internal_command (git.c:292)
  ==9178==    by 0x405467: main (git.c:500)
  ==9178==  Address 0x5bedbd0 is 0 bytes inside a block of size 1,001 free'd
  ==9178==    at 0x4C2ACDA: free (vg_replace_malloc.c:468)
  ==9178==    by 0x4D96C7: strbuf_release (strbuf.c:40)
  ==9178==    by 0x4C9AAE: setup_revisions (revision.c:1285)
  ==9178==    by 0x45E6FA: parse_args (revert.c:203)
  ==9178==    by 0x45E7EA: cmd_cherry_pick (revert.c:235)
  ==9178==    by 0x40523C: handle_internal_command (git.c:292)
  ==9178==    by 0x405467: main (git.c:500)

>From a cursory glance it looks like it's actually an existing bug in
read_revisions_from_stdin or handle_revision_arg, depending on which way
you look at it.  read_revisions_from_stdin passes its temporary buffer
down to handle_revision_arg:

        struct strbuf sb;
        strbuf_init(&sb, 1000);
        while (strbuf_getwholeline(&sb, stdin, '\n') != EOF) {
                if (handle_revision_arg(sb.buf, revs, 0, 
                        die("bad revision '%s'", sb.buf);

But handle_revision_arg ends up just stuffing that parameter into the
revision-walker options via some helpers:

        add_rev_cmdline(revs, object, arg_, REV_CMD_REV, flags ^ local_flags);
        add_pending_object_with_mode(revs, object, arg, oc.mode);

This seems to have been lurking since 281eee4 (revision: keep track of
the end-user input from the command line, 2011-08-25).

Junio, at which level should we fix it?  We could of course have
read_revisions_from_stdin make a copy of the buffers it passes down, but
perhaps it would be less surprising to instead have handle_revision_arg
make sure it makes a copy of everything it "keeps"?

The easy fix of course is just this:

diff --git i/revision.c w/revision.c
index 3a20c96..181a8db 100644
--- i/revision.c
+++ w/revision.c
@@ -1277,7 +1277,8 @@ static void read_revisions_from_stdin(struct rev_info 
                        die("options not supported in --stdin mode");
-               if (handle_revision_arg(sb.buf, revs, 0, 
+               if (handle_revision_arg(xstrdup(sb.buf), revs, 0,
+                                       REVARG_CANNOT_BE_FILENAME))
                        die("bad revision '%s'", sb.buf);
        if (seen_dashdash)

Thomas Rast
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