On Mon, Apr 15, 2013 at 4:08 PM, Jeff King <p...@peff.net> wrote:
> When any git code calls die(), we chain to a custom
> die_routine, which we expect to print a message and exit the
> program. To avoid infinite loops, we detect a recursive call
> to die() with a simple counter, and break out of the loop by
> printing a message and exiting ourselves, without chaining
> to the die_routine.
>
> But the user does not get to see the message that would have
> been fed to the die_routine, which makes debugging harder.
> The user does not know if it was a true infinite loop, or
> simply a single re-entrant call, since they cannot compare
> the messages. Furthermore, if we are wrong about detecting
> the recursion, we have blocked the user from seeing the
> original message, which is probably the more useful one.
>
> This patch teaches die() to print the original die message
> to stderr before reporting the recursion. The custom
> die_routine may or may not have put it the message to
> stderr, but this is the best we can do (it is what most
> handlers will do anyway, and it is where our recursion error
> will go).
>
> While we're at it, let's mark the "recursion detected"
> message as a "BUG:", since it should never happen in
> practice. And let's factor out the repeated code in die and
> die_errno. This loses the information of which function was
> called to cause the recursion, but it's important; knowing
> the actual message fed to the function (which we now do) is
> much more useful, as it can generally pin-point the actual
> call-site that caused the recursion.
>
> Signed-off-by: Jeff King <p...@peff.net>
> ---
> This helped me debug the current problem. And factoring it out helps
> with patch 3. :)
>
>  usage.c | 29 ++++++++++++++---------------
>  1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/usage.c b/usage.c
> index 40b3de5..c6b7ac5 100644
> --- a/usage.c
> +++ b/usage.c

> @@ -80,17 +78,24 @@ void NORETURN die(const char *err, ...)
>         usagef("%s", err);
>  }
>
> +static void check_die_recursion(const char *fmt, va_list ap)
> +{
> +       static int dying;
> +
> +       if (!dying++)
> +               return;
> +
> +       vreportf("fatal: ", fmt, ap);

How do you know it's safe to call vreportf() ?

If the bug is in the vreportf code path, we will recurse infinitely
(at least until the stack is used up). An implementation of vsnprintf
exists in compat/snprintf.c for example.

It's nice to print out the error message here, but I think doing so
defeats the purpose of this "dying" check.  Better to get the stack
trace from a core dump.

> +       fputs("BUG: recursion detected in die handler\n", stderr);
> +       exit(128);
> +}
> +

-Brandon
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