In order to make sure the cloned repository is good, we run "rev-list
--objects --not --all $new_refs" on the repository. This is expensive
on large repositories. This patch attempts to mitigate the impact in
this special case.

In the "good" clone case, we only have one pack. If all of the
following are met, we can be sure that all objects reachable from the
new refs exist, which is the intention of running "rev-list ...":

 - all refs point to an object in the pack
 - there are no dangling pointers in any object in the pack
 - no objects in the pack point to objects outside the pack

The second and third checks can be done with the help of index-pack as
a slight variation of --strict check (which introduces a new condition
for the shortcut: pack transfer must be used and the number of objects
large enough to call index-pack). The first is checked in
check_everything_connected after we get an "ok" from index-pack.

"index-pack + new checks" is still faster than the current "index-pack
+ rev-list", which is the whole point of this patch. If any of the
conditions fails, we fall back to the good old but expensive "rev-list
..". In that case it's even more expensive because we have to pay for
the new checks in index-pack. But that should only happen when the
other side is either buggy or malicious.

Cloning linux-2.6 over file://

        before         after
real    3m25.693s      2m53.050s
user    5m2.037s       4m42.396s
sys     0m13.750s      0m16.574s

A more realistic test with ssh:// over wireless

        before         after
real    11m26.629s     10m4.213s
user    5m43.196s      5m19.444s
sys     0m35.812s      0m37.630s

This shortcut is not applied to shallow clones, partly because shallow
clones should have no more objects than a usual fetch and the cost of
rev-list is acceptable, partly to avoid dealing with corner cases when
grafting is involved.

Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <pclo...@gmail.com>
---
 Documentation/git-index-pack.txt |  3 +++
 builtin/clone.c                  | 11 ++++++++---
 builtin/index-pack.c             | 35 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
 connected.c                      | 34 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 connected.h                      |  5 +++++
 fetch-pack.c                     | 11 ++++++++++-
 fetch-pack.h                     |  4 +++-
 transport.c                      |  4 ++++
 transport.h                      |  2 ++
 9 files changed, 94 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt
index bde8eec..7a4e055 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt
@@ -74,6 +74,9 @@ OPTIONS
 --strict::
        Die, if the pack contains broken objects or links.
 
+--check-self-contained-and-connected::
+       Die if the pack contains broken links. For internal use only.
+
 --threads=<n>::
        Specifies the number of threads to spawn when resolving
        deltas. This requires that index-pack be compiled with
diff --git a/builtin/clone.c b/builtin/clone.c
index dad4265..069e81e 100644
--- a/builtin/clone.c
+++ b/builtin/clone.c
@@ -542,13 +542,15 @@ static void update_remote_refs(const struct ref *refs,
                               const struct ref *mapped_refs,
                               const struct ref *remote_head_points_at,
                               const char *branch_top,
-                              const char *msg)
+                              const char *msg,
+                              struct transport *transport)
 {
        const struct ref *rm = mapped_refs;
 
        if (0 <= option_verbosity)
                printf(_("Checking connectivity... "));
-       if (check_everything_connected(iterate_ref_map, 0, &rm))
+       if (check_everything_connected_with_transport(iterate_ref_map,
+                                                     0, &rm, transport))
                die(_("remote did not send all necessary objects"));
        if (0 <= option_verbosity)
                printf(_("done\n"));
@@ -893,6 +895,9 @@ int cmd_clone(int argc, const char **argv, const char 
*prefix)
                if (option_upload_pack)
                        transport_set_option(transport, TRANS_OPT_UPLOADPACK,
                                             option_upload_pack);
+
+               if (transport->smart_options && !option_depth)
+                       
transport->smart_options->check_self_contained_and_connected = 1;
        }
 
        refs = transport_get_remote_refs(transport);
@@ -954,7 +959,7 @@ int cmd_clone(int argc, const char **argv, const char 
*prefix)
                transport_fetch_refs(transport, mapped_refs);
 
        update_remote_refs(refs, mapped_refs, remote_head_points_at,
-                          branch_top.buf, reflog_msg.buf);
+                          branch_top.buf, reflog_msg.buf, transport);
 
        update_head(our_head_points_at, remote_head, reflog_msg.buf);
 
diff --git a/builtin/index-pack.c b/builtin/index-pack.c
index f52a04f..9c1cfac 100644
--- a/builtin/index-pack.c
+++ b/builtin/index-pack.c
@@ -77,8 +77,10 @@ static int nr_threads;
 
 static int from_stdin;
 static int strict;
+static int do_fsck_object;
 static int verbose;
 static int show_stat;
+static int check_self_contained_and_connected;
 
 static struct progress *progress;
 
@@ -187,13 +189,13 @@ static int mark_link(struct object *obj, int type, void 
*data)
 
 /* The content of each linked object must have been checked
    or it must be already present in the object database */
-static void check_object(struct object *obj)
+static unsigned check_object(struct object *obj)
 {
        if (!obj)
-               return;
+               return 0;
 
        if (!(obj->flags & FLAG_LINK))
-               return;
+               return 0;
 
        if (!(obj->flags & FLAG_CHECKED)) {
                unsigned long size;
@@ -201,17 +203,20 @@ static void check_object(struct object *obj)
                if (type != obj->type || type <= 0)
                        die(_("object of unexpected type"));
                obj->flags |= FLAG_CHECKED;
-               return;
+               return 1;
        }
+
+       return 0;
 }
 
-static void check_objects(void)
+static unsigned check_objects(void)
 {
-       unsigned i, max;
+       unsigned i, max, foreign_nr = 0;
 
        max = get_max_object_index();
        for (i = 0; i < max; i++)
-               check_object(get_indexed_object(i));
+               foreign_nr += check_object(get_indexed_object(i));
+       return foreign_nr;
 }
 
 
@@ -756,7 +761,8 @@ static void sha1_object(const void *data, struct 
object_entry *obj_entry,
                        obj = parse_object_buffer(sha1, type, size, buf, 
&eaten);
                        if (!obj)
                                die(_("invalid %s"), typename(type));
-                       if (fsck_object(obj, 1, fsck_error_function))
+                       if (do_fsck_object &&
+                           fsck_object(obj, 1, fsck_error_function))
                                die(_("Error in object"));
                        if (fsck_walk(obj, mark_link, NULL))
                                die(_("Not all child objects of %s are 
reachable"), sha1_to_hex(obj->sha1));
@@ -1490,6 +1496,7 @@ int cmd_index_pack(int argc, const char **argv, const 
char *prefix)
        struct pack_idx_entry **idx_objects;
        struct pack_idx_option opts;
        unsigned char pack_sha1[20];
+       unsigned foreign_nr = 1;        /* zero is a "good" value, assume bad */
 
        if (argc == 2 && !strcmp(argv[1], "-h"))
                usage(index_pack_usage);
@@ -1511,6 +1518,10 @@ int cmd_index_pack(int argc, const char **argv, const 
char *prefix)
                                fix_thin_pack = 1;
                        } else if (!strcmp(arg, "--strict")) {
                                strict = 1;
+                               do_fsck_object = 1;
+                       } else if (!strcmp(arg, 
"--check-self-contained-and-connected")) {
+                               strict = 1;
+                               check_self_contained_and_connected = 1;
                        } else if (!strcmp(arg, "--verify")) {
                                verify = 1;
                        } else if (!strcmp(arg, "--verify-stat")) {
@@ -1624,7 +1635,7 @@ int cmd_index_pack(int argc, const char **argv, const 
char *prefix)
        conclude_pack(fix_thin_pack, curr_pack, pack_sha1);
        free(deltas);
        if (strict)
-               check_objects();
+               foreign_nr = check_objects();
 
        if (show_stat)
                show_pack_info(stat_only);
@@ -1650,5 +1661,11 @@ int cmd_index_pack(int argc, const char **argv, const 
char *prefix)
        if (index_name == NULL)
                free((void *) curr_index);
 
+       /*
+        * Let the caller know this pack is not self contained
+        */
+       if (check_self_contained_and_connected && foreign_nr)
+               return 1;
+
        return 0;
 }
diff --git a/connected.c b/connected.c
index 1e89c1c..fae8d64 100644
--- a/connected.c
+++ b/connected.c
@@ -2,7 +2,12 @@
 #include "run-command.h"
 #include "sigchain.h"
 #include "connected.h"
+#include "transport.h"
 
+int check_everything_connected(sha1_iterate_fn fn, int quiet, void *cb_data)
+{
+       return check_everything_connected_with_transport(fn, quiet, cb_data, 
NULL);
+}
 /*
  * If we feed all the commits we want to verify to this command
  *
@@ -14,7 +19,10 @@
  *
  * Returns 0 if everything is connected, non-zero otherwise.
  */
-int check_everything_connected(sha1_iterate_fn fn, int quiet, void *cb_data)
+int check_everything_connected_with_transport(sha1_iterate_fn fn,
+                                             int quiet,
+                                             void *cb_data,
+                                             struct transport *transport)
 {
        struct child_process rev_list;
        const char *argv[] = {"rev-list", "--objects",
@@ -22,10 +30,23 @@ int check_everything_connected(sha1_iterate_fn fn, int 
quiet, void *cb_data)
        char commit[41];
        unsigned char sha1[20];
        int err = 0;
+       struct packed_git *new_pack = NULL;
 
        if (fn(cb_data, sha1))
                return err;
 
+       if (transport && transport->smart_options &&
+           transport->smart_options->self_contained_and_connected &&
+           transport->pack_lockfile &&
+           !suffixcmp(transport->pack_lockfile, ".keep")) {
+               struct strbuf idx_file = STRBUF_INIT;
+               strbuf_addstr(&idx_file, transport->pack_lockfile);
+               strbuf_setlen(&idx_file, idx_file.len - 5); /* ".keep" */
+               strbuf_addstr(&idx_file, ".idx");
+               new_pack = add_packed_git(idx_file.buf, idx_file.len, 1);
+               strbuf_release(&idx_file);
+       }
+
        if (quiet)
                argv[5] = "--quiet";
 
@@ -42,6 +63,17 @@ int check_everything_connected(sha1_iterate_fn fn, int 
quiet, void *cb_data)
 
        commit[40] = '\n';
        do {
+               /*
+                * If index-pack already checked that:
+                * - there are no dangling pointers in the new pack
+                * - the pack is self contained
+                * Then if the updated ref is in the new pack, then we
+                * are sure the ref is good and not sending it to
+                * rev-list for verification.
+                */
+               if (new_pack && find_pack_entry_one(sha1, new_pack))
+                       continue;
+
                memcpy(commit, sha1_to_hex(sha1), 40);
                if (write_in_full(rev_list.in, commit, 41) < 0) {
                        if (errno != EPIPE && errno != EINVAL)
diff --git a/connected.h b/connected.h
index 7e4585a..0b060b7 100644
--- a/connected.h
+++ b/connected.h
@@ -1,6 +1,8 @@
 #ifndef CONNECTED_H
 #define CONNECTED_H
 
+struct transport;
+
 /*
  * Take callback data, and return next object name in the buffer.
  * When called after returning the name for the last object, return -1
@@ -16,5 +18,8 @@ typedef int (*sha1_iterate_fn)(void *, unsigned char [20]);
  * Return 0 if Ok, non zero otherwise (i.e. some missing objects)
  */
 extern int check_everything_connected(sha1_iterate_fn, int quiet, void 
*cb_data);
+extern int check_everything_connected_with_transport(sha1_iterate_fn, int 
quiet,
+                                                    void *cb_data,
+                                                    struct transport 
*transport);
 
 #endif /* CONNECTED_H */
diff --git a/fetch-pack.c b/fetch-pack.c
index 1ca4f6b..6b7e701 100644
--- a/fetch-pack.c
+++ b/fetch-pack.c
@@ -691,6 +691,7 @@ static int get_pack(struct fetch_pack_args *args,
        const char **av;
        int do_keep = args->keep_pack;
        struct child_process cmd;
+       int ret;
 
        memset(&demux, 0, sizeof(demux));
        if (use_sideband) {
@@ -747,11 +748,14 @@ static int get_pack(struct fetch_pack_args *args,
                                strcpy(keep_arg + s, "localhost");
                        *av++ = keep_arg;
                }
+               if (args->check_self_contained_and_connected)
+                       *av++ = "--check-self-contained-and-connected";
        }
        else {
                *av++ = "unpack-objects";
                if (args->quiet || args->no_progress)
                        *av++ = "-q";
+               args->check_self_contained_and_connected = 0;
        }
        if (*hdr_arg)
                *av++ = hdr_arg;
@@ -772,7 +776,12 @@ static int get_pack(struct fetch_pack_args *args,
                close(cmd.out);
        }
 
-       if (finish_command(&cmd))
+       ret = finish_command(&cmd);
+       if (!ret || (args->check_self_contained_and_connected && ret == 1))
+               args->self_contained_and_connected =
+                       args->check_self_contained_and_connected &&
+                       ret == 0;
+       else
                die("%s failed", argv[0]);
        if (use_sideband && finish_async(&demux))
                die("error in sideband demultiplexer");
diff --git a/fetch-pack.h b/fetch-pack.h
index dc5266c..40f08ba 100644
--- a/fetch-pack.h
+++ b/fetch-pack.h
@@ -16,7 +16,9 @@ struct fetch_pack_args {
                verbose:1,
                no_progress:1,
                include_tag:1,
-               stateless_rpc:1;
+               stateless_rpc:1,
+               check_self_contained_and_connected:1,
+               self_contained_and_connected:1;
 };
 
 /*
diff --git a/transport.c b/transport.c
index ba5d8af..359a671 100644
--- a/transport.c
+++ b/transport.c
@@ -534,6 +534,8 @@ static int fetch_refs_via_pack(struct transport *transport,
        args.quiet = (transport->verbose < 0);
        args.no_progress = !transport->progress;
        args.depth = data->options.depth;
+       args.check_self_contained_and_connected =
+               data->options.check_self_contained_and_connected;
 
        if (!data->got_remote_heads) {
                connect_setup(transport, 0, 0);
@@ -551,6 +553,8 @@ static int fetch_refs_via_pack(struct transport *transport,
                refs = NULL;
        data->conn = NULL;
        data->got_remote_heads = 0;
+       data->options.self_contained_and_connected =
+               args.self_contained_and_connected;
 
        free_refs(refs_tmp);
 
diff --git a/transport.h b/transport.h
index fcb1d25..4edebc5 100644
--- a/transport.h
+++ b/transport.h
@@ -8,6 +8,8 @@ struct git_transport_options {
        unsigned thin : 1;
        unsigned keep : 1;
        unsigned followtags : 1;
+       unsigned check_self_contained_and_connected : 1;
+       unsigned self_contained_and_connected : 1;
        int depth;
        const char *uploadpack;
        const char *receivepack;
-- 
1.8.2.83.gc99314b

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