The original API read "checkout: moving from (.*) to ..." from the
reflog of the HEAD, and returned the substring between "from" and
"to", but there was no way, if the substring was a 40-hex string, to
tell if we were on a detached HEAD at that commit object, or on a
branch whose name happened to be the 40-hex string.

At this point, we cannot afford to change the format recorded in the
reflog, so introduce a heuristics to see if the 40-hex matches the
object name of the commit we are switching out of.  This will
unfortunately mishandle this case:

        HEX=$(git rev-parse master)
        git checkout -b $HEX master
        git checkout master

where we were indeed on a non-detached $HEX branch (i.e. HEAD was
pointing at refs/heads/$HEX, not storing $HEX), of course, but
otherwise should be fairly reliable.

Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>

 * This is a preparatory step for the beginning of a much larger
   series.  Peff is Cc'ed because one of the most tricky issue
   involves what d46a8301930a (fix parsing of @{-1}@{u} combination,
   2010-01-28) did.

 sha1_name.c | 16 ++++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/sha1_name.c b/sha1_name.c
index 3820f28..1473bb6 100644
--- a/sha1_name.c
+++ b/sha1_name.c
@@ -862,6 +862,7 @@ static int get_sha1_oneline(const char *prefix, unsigned 
char *sha1,
 struct grab_nth_branch_switch_cbdata {
        int remaining;
        struct strbuf buf;
+       int detached;
 static int grab_nth_branch_switch(unsigned char *osha1, unsigned char *nsha1,
@@ -880,9 +881,14 @@ static int grab_nth_branch_switch(unsigned char *osha1, 
unsigned char *nsha1,
        if (!match || !target)
                return 0;
        if (--(cb->remaining) == 0) {
+               unsigned char sha1[20];
                len = target - match;
                strbuf_add(&cb->buf, match, len);
+               cb->detached = (len == 40 &&
+                               !get_sha1_hex(match, sha1) &&
+                               !hashcmp(osha1, sha1));
                return 1; /* we are done */
        return 0;
@@ -891,8 +897,12 @@ static int grab_nth_branch_switch(unsigned char *osha1, 
unsigned char *nsha1,
  * Parse @{-N} syntax, return the number of characters parsed
  * if successful; otherwise signal an error with negative value.
+ * The string in buf.buf is either a branch name (needs to be
+ * prefixed with "refs/heads/" if the caller wants to make it
+ * a fully spelled refname) or 40-hex object name of the detached
+ * HEAD, and *detached is set to true for the latter.
-static int interpret_nth_prior_checkout(const char *name, struct strbuf *buf)
+static int interpret_nth_prior_checkout(const char *name, struct strbuf *buf, 
int *detached)
        long nth;
        int retval;
@@ -917,6 +927,8 @@ static int interpret_nth_prior_checkout(const char *name, 
struct strbuf *buf)
        if (0 < for_each_reflog_ent_reverse("HEAD", grab_nth_branch_switch, 
&cb)) {
                strbuf_add(buf, cb.buf.buf, cb.buf.len);
+               if (detached)
+                       *detached = cb.detached;
                retval = brace - name + 1;
@@ -992,7 +1004,7 @@ int interpret_branch_name(const char *name, struct strbuf 
        char *cp;
        struct branch *upstream;
        int namelen = strlen(name);
-       int len = interpret_nth_prior_checkout(name, buf);
+       int len = interpret_nth_prior_checkout(name, buf, NULL);
        int tmp_len;
        if (!len)

To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe git" in
the body of a message to
More majordomo info at

Reply via email to