This script find people that might be interested in a patch, by going
back through the history for each single hunk modified, and finding
people that reviewed, acknowledge, signed, or authored the code the
patch is modifying.

It does this by running 'git blame' incrementally on each hunk, and then
parsing the commit message. After gathering all the relevant people, it
groups them to show what exactly was their role when the participated in
the development of the relevant commit, and on how many relevant commits
they participated. They are only displayed if they pass a minimum
threshold of participation.

For example:

  % git related 0001-remote-hg-trivial-cleanups.patch
  Felipe Contreras <felipe.contre...@gmail.com>
  Jeff King <p...@peff.net>
  Max Horn <m...@quendi.de>
  Junio C Hamano <gits...@pobox.com>

Thus it can be used for 'git send-email' as a cc-cmd.

There might be some other related functions to this script, not just to
be used as a cc-cmd.

Comments-by: Ramkumar Ramachandra <artag...@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Felipe Contreras <felipe.contre...@gmail.com>
---
 contrib/related/git-related | 124 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 124 insertions(+)
 create mode 100755 contrib/related/git-related

diff --git a/contrib/related/git-related b/contrib/related/git-related
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..4f31482
--- /dev/null
+++ b/contrib/related/git-related
@@ -0,0 +1,124 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env ruby
+
+# This script finds people that might be interested in a patch
+# usage: git related <file>
+
+$since = '5-years-ago'
+$min_percent = 10
+
+def fmt_person(name, email)
+  name ? '%s <%s>' % [name, email] : email
+end
+
+class Commit
+
+  attr_reader :persons
+
+  def initialize(id)
+    @id = id
+    @persons = []
+  end
+
+  def parse(data)
+    msg = nil
+    data.each_line do |line|
+      if not msg
+        case line
+        when /^author ([^<>]+) <(\S+)> (.+)$/
+          @persons << fmt_person($1, $2)
+        when /^$/
+          msg = true
+        end
+      else
+        if line =~ /^(Signed-off|Reviewed|Acked)-by: ([^<>]+) <(\S+?)>$/
+          @persons << fmt_person($2, $3)
+        end
+      end
+    end
+    @persons.uniq!
+  end
+
+end
+
+class Commits
+
+  def initialize
+    @items = {}
+  end
+
+  def size
+    @items.size
+  end
+
+  def each(&block)
+    @items.each(&block)
+  end
+
+  def import
+    return if @items.empty?
+    File.popen(%w[git cat-file --batch], 'r+') do |p|
+      p.write(@items.keys.join("\n"))
+      p.close_write
+      p.each do |l|
+        if l =~ /^(\h{40}) commit (\d+)/
+          id, len = $1, $2
+          data = p.read($2.to_i)
+          @items[id].parse(data)
+        end
+      end
+    end
+  end
+
+  def get_blame(source, start, len, from)
+    return if len == 0
+    len ||= 1
+    File.popen(['git', 'blame', '--incremental', '-C',
+               '-L', '%u,+%u' % [start, len],
+               '--since', $since, from + '^',
+               '--', source]) do |p|
+      p.each do |line|
+        if line =~ /^(\h{40})/
+          id = $1
+          @items[id] = Commit.new(id)
+        end
+      end
+    end
+  end
+
+  def from_patch(file)
+    from = source = nil
+    File.open(file) do |f|
+      f.each do |line|
+        case line
+        when /^From (\h+) (.+)$/
+          from = $1
+        when /^---\s+(\S+)/
+          source = $1 != '/dev/null' ? $1[2..-1] : nil
+        when /^@@ -(\d+)(?:,(\d+))?/
+          get_blame(source, $1, $2, from)
+        end
+      end
+    end
+  end
+
+end
+
+exit 1 if ARGV.size != 1
+
+commits = Commits.new
+commits.from_patch(ARGV[0])
+commits.import
+
+count_per_person = Hash.new(0)
+
+commits.each do |id, commit|
+  commit.persons.each do |person|
+    count_per_person[person] += 1
+  end
+end
+
+count_per_person.each do |person, count|
+  percent = count.to_f * 100 / commits.size
+  next if percent < $min_percent
+  puts person
+end
-- 
1.8.3.rc2.542.g24820ba

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