Junio C Hamano <gits...@pobox.com> writes:
>> I’m a git user, and recently I’ve noticed there’re some differences between
>> “$ git format-patch –n” and “$ git format-patch HEAD~n”. According to the
>> documentation: “-<n> Prepare patches from the topmost <n> commits.”
> Correct. However, HEAD~n will prepare patches for commits that are
> not ancestor of HEAD~n.
> And there may well be a lot more than n such commits, unless you are
> working on a strictly linear history.
Every once in a while, a illustration would help new folks.
In this history (as always, the time and ancestry topology flows
from left to right):
imagine that your HEAD is at commit G.
- G~1 == G^ == F
- G~2 == G^^ == E (suppose F is a merge of D made on E)
- G~3 == G^^^ == B
- G~4 == G^^^^ == A
so "git format-patch HEAD~4" will give you B, C, D, E and G (five
Asking for "git format-patch -n 4" does not make much sense in a
history like this, but it will give you G, D, C, E and at that point
you have seen 4 commits, so you won't get B.
Note that if F were a merge of E made on D, that would make
- G~2 == G^^ == D
- G~3 == G^^^ == C
- G~4 == G^^^^ == B
And "git format-patch HEAD~4" will give you C, D, E and G (four
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