Complete the <rev>^{<type>} family of object descriptors by having
<rev>^{tag} dereference <rev> until a tag object is found (or fail if

At first glance this may not seem very useful, as commits, trees, and
blobs cannot be peeled to a tag, and a tag would just peel to itself.
However, this can be used to ensure that <rev> names a tag object:

    $ git rev-parse --verify v1.8.4^{tag}
    $ git rev-parse --verify master^{tag}
    error: master^{tag}: expected tag type, but the object dereferences to tree 
    fatal: Needed a single revision

Users can already ensure that <rev> is a tag object by checking the
output of 'git cat-file -t <rev>', but:
  * users may expect <rev>^{tag} to exist given that <rev>^{commit},
    <rev>^{tree}, and <rev>^{blob} all exist
  * this syntax is more convenient/natural in some circumstances

Signed-off-by: Richard Hansen <>
Changes from v3 (2013-09-03, see
  * Use Peff's simpler test case.

 Documentation/revisions.txt | 3 +++
 sha1_name.c                 | 2 ++
 t/  | 7 +++++++
 3 files changed, 12 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/revisions.txt b/Documentation/revisions.txt
index d477b3f..b3322ad 100644
--- a/Documentation/revisions.txt
+++ b/Documentation/revisions.txt
@@ -121,6 +121,9 @@ some output processing may assume ref names in UTF-8.
 object that exists, without requiring 'rev' to be a tag, and
 without dereferencing 'rev'; because a tag is already an object,
 it does not have to be dereferenced even once to get to an object.
+'rev{caret}\{tag\}' can be used to ensure that 'rev' identifies an
+existing tag object.
 '<rev>{caret}\{\}', e.g. 'v0.99.8{caret}\{\}'::
   A suffix '{caret}' followed by an empty brace pair
diff --git a/sha1_name.c b/sha1_name.c
index 65ad066..6dc496d 100644
--- a/sha1_name.c
+++ b/sha1_name.c
@@ -679,6 +679,8 @@ static int peel_onion(const char *name, int len, unsigned 
char *sha1)
        sp++; /* beginning of type name, or closing brace for empty */
        if (!strncmp(commit_type, sp, 6) && sp[6] == '}')
                expected_type = OBJ_COMMIT;
+       else if (!strncmp(tag_type, sp, 3) && sp[3] == '}')
+               expected_type = OBJ_TAG;
        else if (!strncmp(tree_type, sp, 4) && sp[4] == '}')
                expected_type = OBJ_TREE;
        else if (!strncmp(blob_type, sp, 4) && sp[4] == '}')
diff --git a/t/ b/t/
index eaefc77..15973f2 100755
--- a/t/
+++ b/t/
@@ -54,6 +54,13 @@ test_expect_success 'ref^{tree}' '
        test_must_fail git rev-parse blob-tag^{tree}
+test_expect_success 'ref^{tag}' '
+       test_must_fail git rev-parse HEAD^{tag} &&
+       git rev-parse commit-tag >expected &&
+       git rev-parse commit-tag^{tag} >actual &&
+       test_cmp expected actual
 test_expect_success 'ref^{/.}' '
        git rev-parse master >expected &&
        git rev-parse master^{/.} >actual &&

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