In shorten_unambiguous_ref, we build and cache a reverse-map of the
rev-parse rules like this:

  static char **scanf_fmts;
  static int nr_rules;
  if (!nr_rules) {
          for (; ref_rev_parse_rules[nr_rules]; nr_rules++)
                  ... generate scanf_fmts ...

where ref_rev_parse_rules is terminated with a NULL pointer.
Compiling with "gcc -O2 -Wall" does not cause any problems, but
compiling with "-O3 -Wall" generates:

  $ make CFLAGS='-O3 -Wall' refs.o
  refs.c: In function ‘shorten_unambiguous_ref’:
  refs.c:3379:29: warning: array subscript is above array bounds 
     for (; ref_rev_parse_rules[nr_rules]; nr_rules++)

Curiously, we can silence this by explicitly nr_rules to 0
in the beginning of the loop, even though the compiler
should be able to tell that we follow this code path only
when nr_rules is already 0.

Signed-off-by: Jeff King <>
I've convinced myself that this is a gcc bug and not some weird
undefined behavior or extra analysis that gcc can do due to inlined
functions. The fact that what should be a noop makes the warning go away
makes me very suspicious.

You can also silence it by declaring ref_rev_parse_rules as:

  const char * const ref_rev_parse_rules[];

to make both the strings themselves and the pointers in the list
constant. And that may be worth doing instead, because it really is
a constant list for us. The downside is that it's a little uglier to
read, and it carries over to pointers we use to access it, like:

  const char * const *p;
  for (p = ref_rev_parse_rules; *p; p++)

 refs.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/refs.c b/refs.c
index ad5d66c..c1cc98a 100644
--- a/refs.c
+++ b/refs.c
@@ -3376,7 +3376,7 @@ char *shorten_unambiguous_ref(const char *refname, int 
                size_t total_len = 0;
                /* the rule list is NULL terminated, count them first */
-               for (; ref_rev_parse_rules[nr_rules]; nr_rules++)
+               for (nr_rules = 0; ref_rev_parse_rules[nr_rules]; nr_rules++)
                        /* no +1 because strlen("%s") < strlen("%.*s") */
                        total_len += strlen(ref_rev_parse_rules[nr_rules]);
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe git" in
the body of a message to
More majordomo info at

Reply via email to