On Thu, Jan 16, 2014 at 12:55:21PM -0800, W. Trevor King wrote:
> On Thu, Jan 16, 2014 at 12:21:04PM -0800, Junio C Hamano wrote:
> > "W. Trevor King" <wk...@tremily.us> writes:
> > > @@ -155,13 +155,31 @@ it contains local modifications.
> > >
> > > update::
> > > Update the registered submodules, i.e. clone missing submodules and
> > > - checkout the commit specified in the index of the containing repository.
> > > - This will make the submodules HEAD be detached unless `--rebase` or
> > > - `--merge` is specified or the key `submodule.$name.update` is set to
> > > - `rebase`, `merge` or `none`. `none` can be overridden by specifying
> > > - `--checkout`. Setting the key `submodule.$name.update` to `!command`
> > > - will cause `command` to be run. `command` can be any arbitrary shell
> > > - command that takes a single argument, namely the sha1 to update to.
> > > + checkout the commit specified in the index of the containing
> > > + repository. The update mode defaults to 'checkout', but be
> > > + configured with the 'submodule.<name>.update' setting or the
> > > + '--rebase', '--merge', or 'checkout' options.
> > Not '--checkout'?
> Oops, will fix in v5.
Shouldn't this also be `--checkout` (backticks), according to
CodingGuidelines. This applies to all this options in this patch I
> > > ++
> > > +For updates that clone missing submodules, checkout-mode updates will
> > > +create submodules with detached HEADs; all other modes will create
> > > +submodules with a local branch named after 'submodule.<path>.branch'.
> > > ++
> > > +For updates that do not clone missing submodules, the submodule's HEAD
> > That is, updates that update submodules that are already checked out?
> It's submodules for which $sm_path/.git does not exist.
> > > +is only touched when the remote reference does not match the
> > > +submodule's HEAD (for none-mode updates, the submodule is never
> > > +touched). The remote reference is usually the gitlinked commit from
> > > +the superproject's tree, but with '--remote' it is the upstream
> > > +subproject's 'submodule.<name>.branch'. This remote reference is
> > > +integrated with the submodule's HEAD using the specified update mode.
> > I think copying some motivation from the log message of 06b1abb5
> > (submodule update: add --remote for submodule's upstream changes,
> > 2012-12-19) would help the readers here.
> I think a brief reference to --remote is best here, mentioning that it
> has something to do with the upstream subproject. More detail on when
> you should use --remote should probably go under the docs for --remote
> > A naïve expectation from a casual reader of the above would be "The
> > superproject's tree ought to point at the same commit as the tip of
> > the branch used in the submodule (modulo mirroring delays and
> > somesuch),
> What is the branch used in the submodule? The remote subproject's
> current submodule.<name>.branch? The local submodule's
> submodule.<name>.branch (or localBranch) branch? The submodule's
> current HEAD?
> > if the repository of the superproject and submodules are maintained
> > properly", which would lead to "when would any sane person need to
> > use --remote in the first place???".
> --remote is not for sane people (who will probably be pulling from
> withing the submodule itself). --remote is for folks who track too
> many submodules to care about them as individuals, who just want to
> blindly update to whatever the upstream subproject maintainer has in
> submodule.<name>.branch. For example, if you are a distribution with
> a hundred submodules tracking all the projects you package, and want
> to bump them all to a their current trunk tip in one fell swoop.
> > If I am reading 06b1abb5 correctly, the primary motivation behind
> > "--remote" seems to be that it is exactly to help the person who
> > wants to update superproject to satisify the "... are maintained
> > properly" part by fetching the latest in each of the submodules in
> > his superproject in preparation to 'git add .' them. I still do not
> > think "--remote" was a better way than the "foreach", but that is a
> > separate topic.
> I agree now ;), the problems with:
> $ git submodule foreach 'git pull'
> 1. You may not be on the “right” local branch to begin with, and
> 2. You may not have out-of-tree submodule configs setting up the
> “right” upstream for that branch.
> 06b1abb did not address the former, and added a new .gitmodules-level
> submodule.<name>.branch to help with the latter. I now think all of
> this would be easier if we had automatic submodule local-branch
> checkouts (fixing problem 1) and synchronized out-of-tree submodule
> configs (fixing problem 2). Fixing problem 1 is all you need if you
> aren't interested in sharing your out-of-tree configs.
> I think 06b1abb was inspired by “we already have a way to integrate
> changes in the gitlinked commit, we should reuse those to integrate
> other changes”. In hindsight, changes in the gitlinked commit are
> really a checkout-time issue, while changes in other places (like the
> remote subproject) are pull-time issues. Mixing them together was
> more confusing than it was worth.
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