The Git CodingGuidelines prefer the $( ... ) construct for command
substitution instead of using the back-quotes, or grave accents (`..`).

The backquoted form is the historical method for command substitution,
and is supported by POSIX. However, all but the simplest uses become
complicated quickly. In particular, embedded command substitutions
and/or the use of double quotes require careful escaping with the backslash
character. Because of this the POSIX shell adopted the $(…) feature from
the Korn shell.

The patch was generated by the simple script

for _f in $(find . -name "*.sh")
  sed -i 's@`\(.*\)`@$(\1)@g' ${_f}

Signed-off-by: Elia Pinto <>
 t/ |    2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/t/ b/t/
index 65be95f..34f17be 100755
--- a/t/
+++ b/t/
@@ -117,7 +117,7 @@ test_expect_success 'merge blue into white (A->B, mod A, A 
untracked)' \
                echo "BAD: A does not exist in working directory"
                return 1
-       test `cat A` = dirty || {
+       test $(cat A) = dirty || {
                echo "BAD: A content is wrong"
                return 1

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