We're still experimenting with bitmaps, and we've have run into issues where fetching from a repository with bitmaps enabled can lead to objects that used to be present on the server but have since been GC'd being accessed, and git pack-objects on the server failing because of that.

I can consistently reproduce this with a particular pair of repos, and tip of git master (3f09db0) with no patches on top running on both ends. git fetch fails with

remote: error: Could not read be7cbe440a7b9a34f53515af4075e971c811cfb2
remote: fatal: bad tree object be7cbe440a7b9a34f53515af4075e971c811cfb2
error: git upload-pack: git-pack-objects died with error.
fatal: git upload-pack: aborting due to possible repository corruption on the remote side.
remote: aborting due to possible repository corruption on the remote side.
fatal: protocol error: bad pack header

Removing the bitmap fixes this.

be7cbe440a7b9a34f53515af4075e971c811cfb2 is a tree object that is present on the client but not on the server. It used to be present on the server, but the any refs that it was reachable from have been removed and the object has since been garbage collected. One ref that this object was reachable from and that used to be on the server is still present on the client though, under refs/remotes/origin/.

This tree object seems to be reachable from exactly one other tree object, and so on, until I reach a commit object. Note that the commit and root tree pointing to be7cbe440a7b9a34f53515af4075e971c811cfb2 is still present as a loose object in the repo.

I dug into this a bit, and it looks like the bad access is inside https://github.com/git/git/blob/3f09db0/pack-bitmap.c#L730, and from there inside https://github.com/git/git/blob/3f09db0/pack-bitmap.c#L575. This ultimately calls traverse_commit_list at https://github.com/git/git/blob/3f09db0/list-objects.c#L195, which adds the tree that transitively points to be7cbe440a7b9a34f53515af4075e971c811cfb2 as pending. (Note again that the commit and root tree objects still exist in the repo as loose objects.) Further down in that function, process_tree is called, which traverses the tree and ultimately dies at https://github.com/git/git/blob/3f09db0/list-objects.c#L85.

Unfortunately, as before, I can't share the repo this is happening in.
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