Commit 4ad8332 (t0001: test git init when run via an alias -
2010-11-26) noted breakages when running init via alias. The problem
is for alias to be used, $GIT_DIR must be searched, but 'init' and
'clone' are not happy with that. So we start a new process like an
external command, with clean environment in this case. Env variables
that are set by command line (e.g. "git --git-dir=.. ") are kept.

This should also fix autocorrecting a command typo to "init" because
it's the same problem: aliases are read, then "init" is unhappy with
$GIT_DIR already set up because of that.

Reminded-by: David Turner <dtur...@twopensource.com>
Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <pclo...@gmail.com>
---
 git.c           | 52 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 t/t0001-init.sh |  4 ++--
 2 files changed, 50 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/git.c b/git.c
index 7780572..d1e49da 100644
--- a/git.c
+++ b/git.c
@@ -20,6 +20,42 @@ const char git_more_info_string[] =
 
 static struct startup_info git_startup_info;
 static int use_pager = -1;
+static char orig_cwd[PATH_MAX];
+static const char *env_names[] = {
+       GIT_DIR_ENVIRONMENT,
+       GIT_WORK_TREE_ENVIRONMENT,
+       GIT_IMPLICIT_WORK_TREE_ENVIRONMENT,
+       GIT_PREFIX_ENVIRONMENT
+};
+static char *orig_env[4];
+static int saved_environment;
+
+static void save_env(void)
+{
+       int i;
+       if (saved_environment)
+               return;
+       saved_environment = 1;
+       getcwd(orig_cwd, sizeof(orig_cwd));
+       for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(env_names); i++) {
+               orig_env[i] = getenv(env_names[i]);
+               if (orig_env[i])
+                       orig_env[i] = xstrdup(orig_env[i]);
+       }
+}
+
+static void restore_env(void)
+{
+       int i;
+       if (*orig_cwd && chdir(orig_cwd))
+               die_errno("could not move to %s", orig_cwd);
+       for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(env_names); i++) {
+               if (orig_env[i])
+                       setenv(env_names[i], orig_env[i], 1);
+               else
+                       unsetenv(env_names[i]);
+       }
+}
 
 static void commit_pager_choice(void) {
        switch (use_pager) {
@@ -272,6 +308,7 @@ static int handle_alias(int *argcp, const char ***argv)
  * RUN_SETUP for reading from the configuration file.
  */
 #define NEED_WORK_TREE         (1<<3)
+#define NO_SETUP               (1<<4)
 
 struct cmd_struct {
        const char *cmd;
@@ -352,7 +389,7 @@ static struct cmd_struct commands[] = {
        { "cherry", cmd_cherry, RUN_SETUP },
        { "cherry-pick", cmd_cherry_pick, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
        { "clean", cmd_clean, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
-       { "clone", cmd_clone },
+       { "clone", cmd_clone, NO_SETUP },
        { "column", cmd_column, RUN_SETUP_GENTLY },
        { "commit", cmd_commit, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
        { "commit-tree", cmd_commit_tree, RUN_SETUP },
@@ -378,8 +415,8 @@ static struct cmd_struct commands[] = {
        { "hash-object", cmd_hash_object },
        { "help", cmd_help },
        { "index-pack", cmd_index_pack, RUN_SETUP_GENTLY },
-       { "init", cmd_init_db },
-       { "init-db", cmd_init_db },
+       { "init", cmd_init_db, NO_SETUP },
+       { "init-db", cmd_init_db, NO_SETUP },
        { "log", cmd_log, RUN_SETUP },
        { "ls-files", cmd_ls_files, RUN_SETUP },
        { "ls-remote", cmd_ls_remote, RUN_SETUP_GENTLY },
@@ -484,6 +521,10 @@ static void handle_builtin(int argc, const char **argv)
                struct cmd_struct *p = commands+i;
                if (strcmp(p->cmd, cmd))
                        continue;
+               if (saved_environment && (p->option & NO_SETUP)) {
+                       restore_env();
+                       break;
+               }
                exit(run_builtin(p, argc, argv));
        }
 }
@@ -539,7 +580,10 @@ static int run_argv(int *argcp, const char ***argv)
                 * of overriding "git log" with "git show" by having
                 * alias.log = show
                 */
-               if (done_alias || !handle_alias(argcp, argv))
+               if (done_alias)
+                       break;
+               save_env();
+               if (!handle_alias(argcp, argv))
                        break;
                done_alias = 1;
        }
diff --git a/t/t0001-init.sh b/t/t0001-init.sh
index 2f30203..e62c0ff 100755
--- a/t/t0001-init.sh
+++ b/t/t0001-init.sh
@@ -56,7 +56,7 @@ test_expect_success 'plain through aliased command, outside 
any git repo' '
        check_config plain-aliased/.git false unset
 '
 
-test_expect_failure 'plain nested through aliased command' '
+test_expect_success 'plain nested through aliased command' '
        (
                git init plain-ancestor-aliased &&
                cd plain-ancestor-aliased &&
@@ -68,7 +68,7 @@ test_expect_failure 'plain nested through aliased command' '
        check_config plain-ancestor-aliased/plain-nested/.git false unset
 '
 
-test_expect_failure 'plain nested in bare through aliased command' '
+test_expect_success 'plain nested in bare through aliased command' '
        (
                git init --bare bare-ancestor-aliased.git &&
                cd bare-ancestor-aliased.git &&
-- 
1.9.1.346.ga2b5940

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