Many callers of ends_with want to not only find out whether
a string has a suffix, but want to also strip it off. Doing
that separately has two minor problems:

  1. We often run over the string twice (once to find
     the suffix, and then once more to find its length to
     subtract the suffix length).

  2. We have to specify the suffix length again, which means
     either a magic number, or repeating ourselves with

Just as we have skip_prefix to avoid these cases with
starts_with, we can add a strip_suffix to avoid them with

Note that we add two forms of strip_suffix here: one that
takes a string, with the resulting length as an
out-parameter; and one that takes a pointer/length pair, and
reuses the length as an out-parameter. The latter is more
efficient when the caller already has the length (e.g., when
using strbufs), but it can be easy to confuse the two, as
they take the same number and types of parameters.

For that reason, the "mem" form puts its length parameter
next to the buffer (since they are a pair), and the string
form puts it at the end (since it is an out-parameter). The
compiler can notice when you get the order wrong, which
should help prevent writing one when you meant the other.

Signed-off-by: Jeff King <>
I hope the word "strip" is OK, as it does not actually NUL-terminate
(doing so would make it unusable for many cases). Between the comment
below and the "const" in the parameter, I think it should be pretty
clear that it does not touch the string. And I could not think of a
better word.

 git-compat-util.h | 27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 27 insertions(+)

diff --git a/git-compat-util.h b/git-compat-util.h
index b6f03b3..d044c42 100644
--- a/git-compat-util.h
+++ b/git-compat-util.h
@@ -358,6 +358,33 @@ static inline const char *skip_prefix(const char *str, 
const char *prefix)
        return NULL;
+ * If buf ends with suffix, return 1 and subtract the length of the suffix
+ * from *len. Otherwise, return 0 and leave *len untouched.
+ */
+static inline int strip_suffix_mem(const char *buf, size_t *len,
+                                  const char *suffix)
+       size_t suflen = strlen(suffix);
+       if (*len < suflen || memcmp(buf + (*len - suflen), suffix, suflen))
+               return 0;
+       *len -= suflen;
+       return 1;
+ * If str ends with suffix, return 1 and set *len to the size of the string
+ * without the suffix. Otherwise, return 0 and set *len to the size of the
+ * string.
+ *
+ * Note that we do _not_ NUL-terminate str to the new length.
+ */
+static inline int strip_suffix(const char *str, const char *suffix, size_t 
+       *len = strlen(str);
+       return strip_suffix_mem(str, len, suffix);
 #if defined(NO_MMAP) || defined(USE_WIN32_MMAP)
 #ifndef PROT_READ

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