v2.1.0-rc1, the first release candidate Git for v2.1, is now available for testing at the usual places.
The tarballs are found at: https://www.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/testing/ The following public repositories all have a copy of the 'v2.1.0-rc1' tag and the 'master' branch that the tag points at: url = https://kernel.googlesource.com/pub/scm/git/git url = git://repo.or.cz/alt-git.git url = https://code.google.com/p/git-core/ url = git://git.sourceforge.jp/gitroot/git-core/git.git url = git://git-core.git.sourceforge.net/gitroot/git-core/git-core url = https://github.com/gitster/git Git v2.1 Release Notes (draft) ============================== Backward compatibility notes ---------------------------- * The default value we give to the environment variable LESS has been changed from "FRSX" to "FRX", losing "S" (chop long lines instead of wrapping). Existing users who prefer not to see line-wrapped output may want to set $ git config core.pager "less -S" to restore the traditional behaviour. It is expected that people find output from the most subcommands easier to read with the new default, except for "blame" which tends to produce really long lines. To override the new default only for "git blame", you can do this: $ git config pager.blame "less -S" * A few disused directories in contrib/ have been retired. Updates since v2.0 ------------------ UI, Workflows & Features * Since the very beginning of Git, we gave the LESS environment a default value "FRSX" when we spawn "less" as the pager. "S" (chop long lines instead of wrapping) has been removed from this default set of options, because it is more or less a personal taste thing, as opposed to others that have good justifications (i.e. "R" is very much justified because many kinds of output we produce are colored and "FX" is justified because output we produce is often shorter than a page). * The logic and data used to compute the display width needed for UTF-8 strings have been updated to match Unicode 7.0 better. * HTTP-based transports learned to propagate the error messages from the webserver better to the client coming over the HTTP transport. * The completion script for bash (in contrib/) has been updated to handle aliases that define complex sequence of commands better. * The "core.preloadindex" configuration variable is by default enabled, allowing modern platforms to take advantage of the multiple cores they have. * "git clone" applies the "if cloning from a local disk, physically copy repository using hardlinks, unless otherwise told not to with --no-local" optimization when url.*.insteadOf mechanism rewrites a "git clone $URL" that refers to a repository over the network to a clone from a local disk. * "git commit --date=<date>" option learned to read from more timestamp formats, including "--date=now". * The `core.commentChar` configuration variable is used to specify a custom comment character other than the default "#" to be used in the commit log editor. This can be set to `auto` to attempt to choose a different character that does not conflict with what already starts a line in the message being edited for cases like "git commit --amend". * "git format-patch" learned --signature-file=<file> to take the mail signature from. * "git grep" learned grep.fullname configuration variable to force "--full-name" to be default. This may cause regressions on scripted users that do not expect this new behaviour. * "git imap-send" learned to ask the credential helper for auth material. * "git log" and friends now understand the value "auto" set to the "log.decorate" configuration variable to enable the "--decorate" option automatically when the output is sent to tty. * "git merge" without argument, even when there is an upstream defined for the current branch, refused to run until merge.defaultToUpstream is set to true. Flip the default of that configuration variable to true. * "git mergetool" learned to drive the vimdiff3 backend. * mergetool.prompt used to default to 'true', always asking "do you really want to run the tool on this path?". Among the two purposes this prompt serves, ignore the use case to confirm that the user wants to view particular path with the named tool, and redefine the meaning of the prompt only to confirm the choice of the tool made by the autodetection (for those who configured the tool explicitly, the prompt shown for the latter purpose is simply annoying). Strictly speaking, this is a backward incompatible change and the users need to explicitly set the variable to 'true' if they want to resurrect the now-ignored use case. * "git replace" learned the "--edit" subcommand to create a replacement by editing an existing object. * "git replace" learned a "--graft" option to rewrite parents of a commit. * "git send-email" learned "--to-cover" and "--cc-cover" options, to tell it to copy To: and Cc: headers found in the first input file when emitting later input files. * "git svn" learned to cope with malformed timestamps with only one digit in the hour part, e.g. 2014-01-07T5:01:02.048176Z, emitted by some broken subversion server implementations. * "git tag" when editing the tag message shows the name of the tag being edited as a comment in the editor. * "git tag" learned to pay attention to "tag.sort" configuration, to be used as the default sort order when no --sort=<value> the option is given. * "git verify-commit" command to check GPG signature in signed commits, in a way similar to "git verify-tag" is used to check signed tags, was added. Performance, Internal Implementation, etc. * Build procedure for 'subtree' (in contrib/) has been cleaned up. * The support for the profile-feedback build, which has been left bit-rotten for quite a while, has been updated. * An experimental format to use two files (the base file and incremental changes relative to it) to represent the index has been introduced; this may reduce I/O cost of rewriting a large index when only small part of the working tree changes. * Effort to shrink the size of patches Windows folks maintain on top by upstreaming them continues. More tests that are not applicable to the Windows environment are identified and either skipped or made more portable. * Eradication of "test $condition -a $condition" from our scripts continues. * The leaf function to check validity of a refname format has been micro-optimized, using SSE2 instructions when available. A few breakages during its development have been caught and fixed already but there might remain some more still; please test and report if you find any. * The `core.deltabasecachelimit` used to default to 16 MiB , but this proved to be too small, and has been bumped to 96 MiB. * "git blame" has been optimized greatly by reorganising the data structure that is used to keep track of the work to be done. * "git diff" that compares 3-or-more trees (e.g. parents and the result of a merge) have been optimized. * The API to update/delete references are being converted to handle updates to multiple references in a transactional way. As an example, "update-ref --stdin [-z]" has been updated to use this API. * skip_prefix() and strip_suffix() API functions are used a lot more widely throughout the codebase now. * Parts of the test scripts can be skipped by using a range notation, e.g. "sh t1234-test.sh --run='1-4 6 8-'" to omit test piece 5 and 7 and run everything else. Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups. Fixes since v2.0 ---------------- Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.0 in the maintenance track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases' notes for details). * We used to unconditionally disable the pager in the pager process we spawn to feed out output, but that prevented people who want to run "less" within "less" from doing so. (merge c0459ca je/pager-do-not-recurse later to maint). * Tools that read diagnostic output in our standard error stream do not want to see terminal control sequence (e.g. erase-to-eol). Detect them by checking if the standard error stream is connected to a tty. (merge 38de156 mn/sideband-no-ansi later to maint). * Mishandling of patterns in .gitignore that has trailing SPs quoted with backslashes (e.g. ones that end with "\ ") have been corrected. (merge 97c1364be6b pb/trim-trailing-spaces later to maint). * Reworded the error message given upon a failure to open an existing loose object file due to e.g. permission issues; it was reported as the object being corrupt, but that is not quite true. (merge d6c8a05 jk/report-fail-to-read-objects-better later to maint). * "git log -2master" is a common typo that shows two commits starting from whichever random branch that is not 'master' that happens to be checked out currently. (merge e3fa568 jc/revision-dash-count-parsing later to maint). * Code to avoid adding the same alternate object store twice was subtly broken for a long time, but nobody seems to have noticed. (merge 80b4785 rs/fix-alt-odb-path-comparison later to maint). (merge 539e750 ek/alt-odb-entry-fix later to maint). * The "%<(10,trunc)%s" pretty format specifier in the log family of commands is used to truncate the string to a given length (e.g. 10 in the example) with padding to column-align the output, but did not take into account that number of bytes and number of display columns are different. (merge 7d50987 as/pretty-truncate later to maint). * "%G" (nothing after G) is an invalid pretty format specifier, but the parser did not notice it as garbage. (merge 958b2eb jk/pretty-G-format-fixes later to maint). * A handful of code paths had to read the commit object more than once when showing header fields that are usually not parsed. The internal data structure to keep track of the contents of the commit object has been updated to reduce the need for this double-reading, and to allow the caller find the length of the object. (merge 218aa3a jk/commit-buffer-length later to maint). * The "mailmap.file" configuration option did not support the tilde expansion (i.e. ~user/path and ~/path). (merge 9352fd5 ow/config-mailmap-pathname later to maint). * The completion scripts (in contrib/) did not know about quite a few options that are common between "git merge" and "git pull", and a couple of options unique to "git merge". (merge 8fee872 jk/complete-merge-pull later to maint). * The unix-domain socket used by the sample credential cache daemon tried to unlink an existing stale one at a wrong path, if the path to the socket was given as an overlong path that does not fit in sun_path member of the sockaddr_un structure. (merge 2869b3e rs/fix-unlink-unix-socket later to maint). * An ancient rewrite passed a wrong pointer to a curl library function in a rarely used code path. (merge 479eaa8 ah/fix-http-push later to maint). * "--ignore-space-change" option of "git apply" ignored the spaces at the beginning of line too aggressively, which is inconsistent with the option of the same name "diff" and "git diff" have. (merge 14d3bb4 jc/apply-ignore-whitespace later to maint). * "git blame" miscounted number of columns needed to show localized timestamps, resulting in jaggy left-side-edge of the source code lines in its output. (merge dd75553 jx/blame-align-relative-time later to maint). * "git blame" assigned the blame to the copy in the working-tree if the repository is set to core.autocrlf=input and the file used CRLF line endings. (merge 4d4813a bc/blame-crlf-test later to maint). * "git clone -b brefs/tags/bar" would have mistakenly thought we were following a single tag, even though it was a name of the branch, because it incorrectly used strstr(). (merge 60a5f5f jc/fix-clone-single-starting-at-a-tag later to maint). * "git commit --allow-empty-messag -C $commit" did not work when the commit did not have any log message. (merge 076cbd6 jk/commit-C-pick-empty later to maint). * "git diff --find-copies-harder" sometimes pretended as if the mode bits have changed for paths that are marked with assume-unchanged bit. (merge 5304810 jk/diff-files-assume-unchanged later to maint). * "filter-branch" left an empty single-parent commit that results when all parents of a merge commit gets mapped to the same commit, even under "--prune-empty". (merge 79bc4ef cb/filter-branch-prune-empty-degenerate-merges later to maint). * "git format-patch" did not enforce the rule that the "--follow" option from the log/diff family of commands must be used with exactly one pathspec. (merge dd63f16 jk/diff-follow-must-take-one-pathspec later to maint). * "git gc --auto" was recently changed to run in the background to give control back early to the end-user sitting in front of the terminal, but it forgot that housekeeping involving reflogs should be done without other processes competing for accesses to the refs. (merge 62aad18 nd/daemonize-gc later to maint). * "git grep -O" to show the lines that hit in the pager did not work well with case insensitive search. We now spawn "less" with its "-I" option when it is used as the pager (which is the default). (merge f7febbe sk/spawn-less-case-insensitively-from-grep-O-i later to maint). * We used to disable threaded "git index-pack" on platforms without thread-safe pread(); use a different workaround for such platforms to allow threaded "git index-pack". (merge 3953949 nd/index-pack-one-fd-per-thread later to maint). * The error reporting from "git index-pack" has been improved to distinguish missing objects from type errors. (merge 77583e7 jk/index-pack-report-missing later to maint). * "log --show-signature" incorrectly decided the color to paint a mergetag that was and was not correctly validated. (merge 42c55ce mg/fix-log-mergetag-color later to maint). * "log --show-signature" did not pay attention to "--graph" option. (merge cf3983d zk/log-graph-showsig later to maint). * "git mailinfo" used to read beyond the end of header string while parsing an incoming e-mail message to extract the patch. (merge b1a013d rs/mailinfo-header-cmp later to maint). * On a case insensitive filesystem, merge-recursive incorrectly deleted the file that is to be renamed to a name that is the same except for case differences. (merge baa37bf dt/merge-recursive-case-insensitive later to maint). * Merging changes into a file that ends in an incomplete line made the last line into a complete one, even when the other branch did not change anything around the end of file. (merge ba31180 mk/merge-incomplete-files later to maint). * "git pack-objects" unnecessarily copied the previous contents when extending the hashtable, even though it will populate the table from scratch anyway. (merge fb79947 rs/pack-objects-no-unnecessary-realloc later to maint). * Recent updates to "git repack" started to duplicate objects that are in packfiles marked with .keep flag into the new packfile by mistake. (merge d078d85 jk/repack-pack-keep-objects later to maint). * "git rerere forget" did not work well when merge.conflictstyle was set to a non-default value. (merge de3d8bb fc/rerere-conflict-style later to maint). * "git remote rm" and "git remote prune" can involve removing many refs at once, which is not a very efficient thing to do when very many refs exist in the packed-refs file. (merge e6bea66 jl/remote-rm-prune later to maint). * "git log --exclude=<glob> --all | git shortlog" worked as expected, but "git shortlog --exclude=<glob> --all", which is supposed to be identical to the above pipeline, was not accepted at the command line argument parser level. (merge eb07774 jc/shortlog-ref-exclude later to maint). * The autostash mode of "git rebase -i" did not restore the dirty working tree state if the user aborted the interactive rebase by emptying the insn sheet. (merge ddb5432 rr/rebase-autostash-fix later to maint). * "git rebase --fork-point" did not filter out patch-identical commits correctly. * During "git rebase --merge", a conflicted patch could not be skipped with "--skip" if the next one also conflicted. (merge 95104c7 bc/fix-rebase-merge-skip later to maint). * "git show -s" (i.e. show log message only) used to incorrectly emit an extra blank line after a merge commit. (merge ad2f725 mk/show-s-no-extra-blank-line-for-merges later to maint). * "git status", even though it is a read-only operation, tries to update the index with refreshed lstat(2) info to optimize future accesses to the working tree opportunistically, but this could race with a "read-write" operation that modify the index while it is running. Detect such a race and avoid overwriting the index. (merge 426ddee ym/fix-opportunistic-index-update-race later to maint). * "git status" (and "git commit") behaved as if changes in a modified submodule are not there if submodule.*.ignore configuration is set, which was misleading. The configuration is only to unclutter diff output during the course of development, and should not to hide changes in the "status" output to cause the users forget to commit them. (merge c215d3d jl/status-added-submodule-is-never-ignored later to maint). * Documentation for "git submodule sync" forgot to say that the subcommand can take the "--recursive" option. (merge 9393ae7 mc/doc-submodule-sync-recurse later to maint). * "git update-index --cacheinfo" in 2.0 release crashed on a malformed command line. (merge c8e1ee4 jc/rev-parse-argh-dashed-multi-words later to maint). * The mode to run tests with HTTP server tests disabled was broken. (merge afa53fe na/no-http-test-in-the-middle later to maint). ---------------------------------------------------------------- Changes since v2.1.0-rc0 are as follows: Fabian Ruch (1): commit --amend: test specifies authorship but forgets to check Jeff King (14): receive-pack: don't copy "dir" parameter free ref string returned by dwim_ref transport: fix leaks in refs_from_alternate_cb fix memory leak parsing core.commentchar apply: avoid possible bogus pointer alloc: write out allocator definitions move setting of object->type to alloc_* functions parse_object_buffer: do not set object type add object_as_type helper for casting objects alloc: factor out commit index object_as_type: set commit index diff-tree: avoid lookup_unknown_object t1402: check for refs ending with a dot t4013: test diff-tree's --stdin commit formatting Johannes Schindelin (1): MinGW: Skip test redirecting to fd 4 John Keeping (3): completion: complete "unstuck" `git push --recurse-submodules` completion: add some missing options to `git push` completion: complete `git push --force-with-lease=` Junio C Hamano (6): t9814: fix misconversion from test $a -o $b to test $a || test $b Revert "Merge branch 'dt/refs-check-refname-component-sse-fix'" Revert "Merge branch 'dt/refs-check-refname-component-sse'" Git 2.0.4 Update draft release notes to 2.1 Git 2.1.0-rc1 Karsten Blees (16): Revert "Windows: teach getenv to do a case-sensitive search" Win32: Unicode environment (outgoing) Win32: Unicode environment (incoming) Win32: fix environment memory leaks Win32: unify environment case-sensitivity Win32: unify environment function names Win32: factor out environment block creation Win32: don't copy the environment twice when spawning child processes Win32: reduce environment array reallocations Win32: use low-level memory allocation during initialization Win32: keep the environment sorted Win32: patch Windows environment on startup Win32: enable color output in Windows cmd.exe t0110/MinGW: skip tests that pass arbitrary bytes on the command line MinGW: disable legacy encoding tests t800: work around MSys limitation Pat Thoyts (3): tests: do not pass iso8859-1 encoded parameter t4210: skip command-line encoding tests on mingw t9902: mingw-specific fix for gitfile link files Ramsay Allan Jones (1): alloc.c: remove the alloc_raw_commit_node() function Tanay Abhra (1): add documentation for writing config files Tony Finch (1): git-push: fix link in man page -- To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe git" in the body of a message to majord...@vger.kernel.org More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html