On Tue, Mar 6, 2018, at 10:13 AM, jcnw wrote:
> I am setting up a set of books for a small church and need to run a month
> profit and loss report.
> How do I enter the Net Income for the Period into the books so it shows up
> in the balance sheet?
> I have set up the books with Income, Expense, Asset and Liability accounts.
> Do I need to set up a P&L account.
> Thanks for help and consideration
> John

Closing the books will do that.

But you may not want to close the books monthly. Instead you may want to run an 
income statement for each month, and not close the books till the end of the 

The tutorial concepts guide has more about this. It caused me to change my 
accounting period from a month to a year, and specify start and end dates for 
each month's income statement.

When you run a balance sheet as of a particular date, the total of income minus 
expenses is automatically placed on the balance sheet, in a category called 
retained earnings, so you don't have to do anything to compute it. 

However, the Retained Earnings in the balance sheet does not pay attention to 
the accounting period. Say your accounting period is monthly and you close the 
books at the end of the year (as I do). When you run a balance sheet as of 31 
January, the Retained Earnings figure shown is of course the net income for 
January. But when you run a balance sheet as of 28 February, Retained earnings 
is the total of the two months January and February, in a single number. In 
other words, Retained Earnings is always the total of income minus expenses 
since the last time you closed the books.  

By contrast, the income statement does respect the dates you set on Edit » 
Report Options.  (I think that's the right menu option; I don't have the 
software on this computer.)

Stan Brown

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