Ata in Bengal and Seetaphal in most other parts of India,
the Sugar Apple (Annona squamosa) is one of the  most
popular fruits in India. 

ANNONA: Annona is named in arabic (keshta) or in common
arabic (Eshta) meaning the flesh texture looks like the
white cream of milk.
SQUAMOSA: Scaly

Today, India boasts the most acreage in the world 
for production although it can also be found growing 
in the wild in many parts of India.

The Portuguese have been duly credited by historians 
for bringing Sugar Apple, among other things, into India
from Brazil around the beginning of the 16th century. 

Until Mrs. Shakti M. Gupta wrote her book.

Indologist and Ethnobotanist of Delhi University, Mrs.
Shakti M. Gupta confirms the presence of Maize and at 
least five (5) other New World plants in Pre-Columbian
temple sculptures in India in her book,
 
PLANTS IN INDIAN TEMPLE ART 
B.R. Publishing Corp, 
New Delhi, 1996.

Ms. Gupta found definitive Sugar Apple sculptures at
temples at, 

(1) Bharhut, 2nd century B.C., 

(2) Kakatiya, Karnataka, 12th century A.D. (pp. 19-20). 

SO, THEN WHO BROUGHT SUGAR APPLE TO INDIA?
 
The impact of this discovery is so enormous that
historians are still trying to assess the prospective
monumental task of re-writing history.

Here are 2 of my photos of Sugar Apples growing here 
in Florida:

A common type:
  http://www.geocities.com/bohuroopi/SApple71ASIT
A Red type:
  http://www.geocities.com/bohuroopi/SAred35ASIT
----------------------------------------------------
Asit K. Ghosh
Rockledge, Florida, USA
Tuesday - 4:40am



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