In the developed countries of this world, planning takes place at a grass roots 
level.  There are residential areas and there are commercial areas and in some 
cases mixed development areas. Areas are set aside in the development plans  
for schools and places of worship.  When a developer submits his project for 
approval,  the planning agency makes an impact study to determine whether there 
is or will be sufficient water supply, linkage to sewer systems, electric 
supply, access roads etc.  If it is determined that the project is deficient in 
the foresaid, an estimate is made of what it will cost to bring all these 
systems up to par.  The developer is then required to pay a sum equivalent to 
the estimate, before his project is approved.  It then becomes the Government; 
responsibility to ensure that all the support systems are developed concurrent 
with the building work.
In Goa I have noticed that projects are developed haphazardly, causing a great 
deal of problems to neighborhoods, including lack of water supply, deficient 
electric current  etc.   Residential homes have been built in areas identified 
as "private forest"..  In the absence of an approved Regional Plan  apparently 
there are no restrictions on where one is allowed to build.  Consequently, 
fields are filled in with what appears to be construction debris, probably late 
at night;  Hills in off the beaten path locations are excavated with impunity, 
and  new luxury homes are swiftly built and become a "fait accompli".   In one 
location which was clearly private forest land  the owner first constructed a 
"Gomti"  or shrine.  Then he  constructed a temporary  shelter with tarpaulins, 
then  within the temporary shelter, a permanent home was built.  With a "Gomti" 
or shrine Goans being  either very spiritual or superstitious keep their hands 
off  a site which has a  "Gomti".  A few months later, the house built on this 
site got an electric connection and a water connection.How ?  I don't know. I 
am told that anything can be done with something called "speed money".
Builders from Mumbai and Delhi with their coffers overflowing with "black 
money"  are pushing their way into Goa, to build in locations where they could 
not previously build.  Many of these developments  remain half-empty  but it 
does not bother the builders as long as their money is laundered and black 
money becomes white money.   This is Goa .

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