Dear Friends,

Attaching a file I recieved from Jayendra.

Kindly read and Be Enlightened.


philip neri

Dear All,
I am sending you this Appeal ,regarding our issue about Konkan.
Please go thro' the attachment & send it to your friends if you feel that this 
Ecofragile nature has to be saved.
Dr Jayendra Parulekar.
Konkan Rakshan va Samrudhdhi Manch.

--- On Sun, 1/2/09, JAYENDRA PARULEKAR <> wrote:

The Nature Lovers/Konkan premi people/Environmental Concious People,

Re: Seeking Support for People's Movement to avert Impending Environmental 
in the Sindhudurg & Ratnagiri districts (Konkan Area) of Maharashtra

Respected Sir/Madam,

We, the members of Konkan Rakshan & Samruddhi Manch, a registered NGO (Reg 
no:Mah/2828/sindhudurg) wish to bring to your attention the impending 
disaster in the Sindhudurg and Ratnagiri districts of Maharashtra, because of 
coal and nuclear power project under various stages of development and the 
activity in dist Sindhudurg & to seek your support for our cause.
In the following document, we would like to highlight the ecological as well as 
socioeconomic background of the area and the threat the said coal and nuclear 
project & mining pose to the region.


Konkan, A Biodiversity "Hot Spot"

 The coastal districts of Sindhudurg and the Ratnagiri in Maharashtra, which 
lie at 
the foothills of the Sahyadri mountain range (part of the western ghats) are 
acclaimed internationally for its rich biodiversity in the form of flora, fauna 
marine life. The geographical location of the region is shown in figure 1. The 
of the western ghats cover 60,000 km² and form the catchment area for a complex 
river systems that drain almost 40% of India.[1] The average elevation is 
1,200 meters.[2] The area is one of the world's ten "Hottest biodiversity 
and has over 5000 species of flowering plants, 139 mammal species, 508 bird 
and 179 amphibian species. At least 325 globally threatened species occur in 
Western Ghats.[3] Climate in the Western Ghats varies with altitudinal 
gradation and 
distance from the equator. The climate is humid and tropical in the lower 
tempered by the proximity to the sea. Elevations of 1,500 m (4,921 ft) and 
above in 
the north have a more temperate climate. The mean temperature range from 20 °C 
°F) to 24 °C (75 °F). It has also been observed that the coldest periods 
with the wettest.[4]

 During the monsoon season between June and September, the unbroken Western 
chain acts as a barrier to the moisture laden clouds. The heavy, 
rain-bearing clouds are forced to rise and in the process deposit most of their 
on the windward side. Rainfall in this region averages 3,000-4,000 mm (120-160 
with localised extremes touching 9,000 mm (350 in). The western ghat region of 
Maharashtra receives the heaviest rainfall, but is followed by long dry spells.

Figure 1. Geographical location of Kokan Region and the Western Ghats

Socio-economics of the Region

Ratnagiri district's warm and humid weather is most suitable for horticulture, 
especially for mango, cashew and jackfruit. It has been declared as the 
District by the Government of Maharashtra. The world-famous King of Mangoes 
is grown here. Ratnagiri's cashew nuts are famous for generating much valued 

Carved out of the erstwhile Ratnagiri district and second in the country to 
100 per cent literacy, the Sindhudurg district has been named after the famous 
sea-fort Sindhudurg, constructed by Chhatrapati Shivaji. Situated adjacent to 
this is the first district in Maharashtra to be declared as the Tourism 
Famous for its serene and beautiful beaches, temples, historical forts and folk 
forms like Dashavtar, Chitrakathi, Pangul, Keertan, Dhangiri dance, Sindhudurg 
has a 
great potential for earning foreign exchange as an international tourism 
destination. [5]


Coal and Nuclear Power Plants

In an alleged bid to combat the rising power shortage in the nation, the state 
gearing to set up several coal and nuclear power plants in the Konkan region of 
Maharashtra. The list of proposed and under construction projects known so far 
illustrated in table 1.

Due to ignorance and the unquestioning law abiding attitude of the people in 
region, the power plants have been specifically located in the extremely 
eco-sensitive region by vested interests in cahoots with government agencies, 
the guise of power shortage.

In the process of obtaining governmental clearance, several loopholes in the 
existing environmental laws are being exploited. In many cases, the 
Impact Assessments (EIA), required by the 1994 notification of Ministry of 
Environment and Forest (MoEF) are being carried out without due diligence. 
Specifically in the case of Jindal SW Energy's plant at Jaigad Ph I, the EIA 
should have, under guidelines, been carried out over a period of 1 year was 
carried out by EQMS, New Delhi, in mere 3 months conveniently executing a 

Table 1. List of proposed/Under Construction Power Projects in Konkan region.
Fuel Type Capacity (MW) Location Taluka District Promoters
Coal 1980 Bhopan Dapoli Ratnagiri GMR Electrical
Coal 1600 Dhopave Guhagar Ratnagiri NTPC
Coal 1200 Jaigad (Ph I) Ratnagiri Ratnagiri Jindal SW Energy
Coal 3200 Jaigad (Ph II) Ratnagiri Ratnagiri Jindal SW Energy
Coal 43 Ranpar (Ph I) Ratnagiri Ratnagiri Finolex
Coal 1000 Ranpar (Ph II) Ratnagiri Ratnagiri Finolex
Nuclear 9600 Madban, Jaitapur (Ph I) Rajapur Ratnagiri Nuclear Power Corp.
Nuclear 5400 Madban, Jaitapur (Ph II) Rajapur Ratnagiri Nuclear Power Corp.
Coal 4000 Munage Devgad Sindhudurg NTPC
Coal 1980 Dhakore, Ajgao Vengurla Sindhudurg NTPC

Table 1. L

Falso statements/misrepresentations regarding reserve mangrove forests in the 
vicinity and marine fauna like corals have been made by the EIA executing 
(EQMS, New Delhi) on behalf of Jindal SW Energy to mislead the MoEF as well as 
appeallate authority to which, the latter seems to have fallen prey.

While the current energy requirements of the region (Ratnagiri/Sindhudurg 
is merely 167 MW, the proposed energy projects have a capacity of 30,003 MW, 
is 180 times the actual requirements of the region. This disproportionality 
the demand and the proposed generation in the region has the potential to 
irrevocably harm the highly fragile ecological balance that exists within such 
narrow strip of land (mean width 30 km.) sandwiched between the Arabian Sea and 
Western Ghats.

Also in Dist Raigad,in Tal Alibaug alone 5 TPPs are coming up.Almost 8 to10 kms 
apart from one another.Already because of chemical industries there is a 
amount of pollution has happened in dist Raigad.

Mining at the foothills of Sahyadri in Sindhudurg.

After rampant mining in the neighbouring state of Goa for the last 50 years,in 
Satteri,Quepem,Bicholim & Sanguem total destruction of the Ecology is clearly 
evident there.Drinking Water contains dangerous metallic taste.People are 
from various health problems because of Silicosis & TB in that part of Goa.
Mining affected part of Goa is unknown to us.It is not Green ,it is Brown & Red 
colour every where.Lots of accidents happen every week because of irresponsible 
rash driving by the trucks loaded with minig ore.Inspite of this unimaginably 
mining for so many years Govt of Goa earns only 4% of its total revenue from 
minig industry.

As the iron ore reserves in Goa are coming to its end,the mining corporate 
are now attraced towards the adjoining dist  Sindhudurg.At the foothills of 
in dist Sindhudurg there are lots of sites very rich in iron,nickel,boxite 
etc.Especially the Iron found here is not of very high quality but it's a low 
Iron ore.It is only accepted in a few countries like China.It is not used for 
national steel industry.

If this mining activity begins in a big way here in the tal 
Dodamarg,Sawantwadi,Kudal in dist Sindhudurg it will destroy the enriched & 
Biodiversed Nature of this region.It will break the Ecological balance of this 

Figure 2. Disproportionality between the current energy demand and proposed 
generation in the konkan region of Maharashtra.

Further, if the proposed energy projects are allowed to proceed, it is the 
people of 
the region who will bear the brunt of the ecological disaster and life 
pollution. In return, the energy generated in these power plants will not be of 
benefit to the local populace because these projects are designed to cater to 
industrial/ merchant power needs (MPP). As a result, this energy will be routed 
priority to highly profitable commercial load centers rather than meeting the 
of domestic electrification in semi-urban and rural areas, where profit margins 

Action Required

Designate the Region as "No Polluting Industry" Zone

In light of the facts and data presented above, we request the Government of 
Maharashtra, MoEF (Government of India) and all concerned authorities to 
declare the 
region of Sindhudurg and Ratnagiri districts as Environmentally 
Fragile(ECOSENSITIVE) and hence request designation of "No Polluting Industry" 
This action should facilitate the formation of an authority which will regulate 
developmental needs of the region along the lines of those in the Industrial 
of Goa[6] and the Dahanu Taluka Environmental Protection Authority, 

Compel the Government of Maharashtra to table the Pendse-Kadrekar Committee 
The Pendse Kadrekar Committee, which was appointed by Government of Maharashtra 
the 1990s to assess the environmental suitability of industrialization of the 
region, has categorically and unequivocally recommended the use of 
energy like hydroelectric,(micro hydroelectric,mini hydroelectric etc.)the 
for which is immense (12,000 MW). Since the government has not tabled this 
report in 
the house, it has not been brought up for discussion whenever developmental 
are debated. This lackadaisical approach has prevented the consideration of 
non-conventional and non-polluting energy generation in the region. Similar 
in the past have been shelved as well.

To Impress upon Government of Maharashtra to Pursue Non Conventional Energy

While a host of environmentally friendly options for generating enegy exist, 
are not apparently attractive due to their lower return on invested capital in 
short run. However, in the long run, they have proven to be sustainable and 
environmentally friendly alternatives to satisfying our ever growing energy 
while balancing the growth requirements. We earnestly seek your much needed 
intervention to communicate with many who may be concerned about such issues & 
impress upon the Government of Maharashtra ,MoEF,Ministry of Power & Ministry 
Mining to reconsider.

In conclusion, we would like to point out that we are running out of time and 
options to save one of the most precious ecological treasures of our nation. 
combined might of corporate houses and their supporters in government of the 
day can 
hardly be matched by the people of the region, who are visualizing the 
disaster in the region, be it environmental, socio-economic or otherwise.

Konkan Rakshan & Samruddhi Manch, Sindhudurg;

1. V.S. Vijayan. "Research needs for the Western Ghats". Ashoka Trust for 
in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE). Retrieved on 2007-06-21.
2. "The Peninsula". Asia-Pacific Mountain Network. Retrieved on 2007-03-19.
3. Myers, N., R.A. Mittermeier, C.G. Mittermeier, G.A.B. Da Fonseca, and J. 
(2000) "Biodiversity Hotspots for Conservation Priorities." Nature 403:853-858, 
retrieved 6/1/2007MYERS, N.
4. "Biodiversity of the Western Ghats - An Overview". Wildlife Institute of 
Retrieved on 2007-03-19.
5. The Gazatteer's Department; Government of Maharashtra; 
Retrieved on 2008-12-24).
6. Government of Goa; DRAFT INDUSTRIAL POLICY OF GOA 2001; 
( Retrieved on 2008-12-25)
7. The Dahanu Taluka Environment Protection Authority (DTEPA): 
( Retrieved on 2008-12-25)

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