# [GRASS-user] zonal statistics/metrics - beyond simple statistics

```Dear GRASS list,
I am developing a Python script to be able to calculate (virtually any) metrics
or statistics for zones/polygons in a vector - in analogy to zonal statistics
(such as v.rast.stats).The idea is that one can calculate raster-based metrics
(such as proportion of habitat, number of patches, or any metric that can be
formalized as a function that takes some information from the input raster and
returns a value) for each polygon in the vector, and this is updated as a value
in a newly created column in the attribute table of this vector.
Is there already anything like that (some addon/module) that I am missing, just
to avoid re-doing something already created?
If not, what I am doing is to create a loop over all the features in a vector,
and for each one I zoom and use the polygon to define a mask (using r.mask), so
that the calculation of the selected metric is performed only over that
polygon, and this process is repeated.The script allows one to calculate
metrics/statistics for multiple raster maps at once, and to incorporate other
function for statistics also. It may be found
here:https://github.com/LEEClab/GeneralizedZonalStats```
```
For small vectors this works nicely and I believe it has a great potential.
However, when I try to calculate metrics for a large dataset (e.g. the
Brazilian map of cities, with almost 6,000 polygons) - and that is when the
tool would be interesting -, the process of creating each mask takes too long
(387 steps), and the tool becomes kind of useless.
Then I have two questions:- First, what drives the number of steps GRASS takes
to create a mask? Why it is very small for some maps but very large for others?
I quite don't understand that yet.- Do you think of a easier or faster way of
doing the same thing (instead of using masks)? v.rast.stats seems to use
r.univar and the option 'zones' for doing so, but then one gets restricted to
the statistics calculated by this module.
Any help or comment would be very welcome!
Best,Bernardo Niebuhr```
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