The term is being very much bandied about in a very loose way.
By people across the spectrum.
So, it is necessary to have some clarity.
The following is an attempt in that direction.
Hindutva is a political ideology - linking itself to Hinduism, which
professes hatred and violence against the (adversial) "other", Muslims, in
particular, among others, geared to the final goal of "Hindu Rashtra".
Gandhi had popularised the Ram Dhun (ref.: <https://truehinduism.
wordpress.com/2011/05/17/raghupati-raghav-raja-ram-explained/>), and it
used to be sung in public prayer meetings conducted by him.
Hardly any one charges him of "Hindutva", not even of the "soft" variety.
In spite of his call for "Ram Rajya".
For that matter, nor a staunch Gandhian Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan's volunteer
force, "Khudai Khidmatgar" (Servants of Khuda?God), was ever deemed an
illustration of soft "Islamism".
In fact, "Khudai Khidmatgar" seemed to have had gelled only too well with
Gandhi's very own imagery of "Ram Rajya".
One complemented the other.
So, affiliation with Hinduism is definitely a necessary but not even
remotely sufficient condition for being qualified as "Hindutva".
<<The politics of ‘Hindutva’ - a term first coined and popularised by V D
Savarkar in 1923, and later identified with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
(RSS) - an organisation launched in 1925 on the Vijayaa Dashami Day by one
Keshav Baliram Hedgewar to champion its cause, has a rather fascinating
But before trying to plot the trajectory of Hindutva, it is imperative to
keep in mind that the project of ’Hindutva’ is, in its essence, one of
building up mass mobilisation, geared to the task of forging a new “Hindu”
nation-state - out of the extant one through its appropriation and
negation, around a core ’majority’, propelled by whipped up feelings of
’insecurity, paranoia, hatred and aggression’ against an array of
’adversarial and menacing others’, both internal and external, by making
extensive and manipulative use of real and imaginary, past and contemporary
’history’ of fissures and conflicts. While religion is put to extensive and
intensive instrumentalist use in this task of militant, exclusionist,
majoritarian mobilisation, elements of (ultra)nationalism are also put to
good use by borrowing and (mis)appropriating the idioms and icons of
(widely accepted) mainstream (secular) nationalism, particularly (though
not exclusively) of its rightwing variety.>>
That's, btw, how I had tried to define "Hindutva". Ref.: 'Indian
Nationalism, Hindutva and the Bomb' at <http://www.europe-solidaire.
Here're two revealing illustrations (from Golwalkar):
I. <<To keep up the purity of the Race and its culture, Germany shocked the
world by her purging the country of the Semitic Races - the Jews. Race
pride at its highest has been manifested here. Germany has also shown how
well nigh impossible it is for Races and cultures, having differences going
to the root, to be assimilated into one united whole, a good lesson for us
in Hindustan to learn and profit by. Ever since that evil day, when
Moslems first landed in Hindustan, right up to the present moment, the
Hindu Nation has been gallantly fighting on to take on these despoilers.
The Race Spirit has been awakening.>>
II. <<The non-Hindu people of Hindustan must either adopt Hindu culture and
language, must learn and respect and hold in reverence the Hindu religion,
must entertain no idea but of those of glorification of the Hindu race and
culture ... In a word they must cease to be foreigners, or may stay in the
country, wholly subordinated to the Hindu nation, claiming nothing,
deserving no privileges, far less any preferential treatment—not even
And, for real time illustrations, one may like to look up: <
And, also relevant: 'Yogi Adityanath's Men Telling Hindus (with Adityanath
Himself on Stage) To Rape Dead Muslim Women Is Beyond Shocking' at <
N.B.: Any feedback would be highly welcome.
Peace Is Doable
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