** Changed in: linux-hwe (Ubuntu Xenial)
       Status: New => Fix Released

** Changed in: linux-oem (Ubuntu Xenial)
       Status: New => Fix Released

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https://bugs.launchpad.net/bugs/1745290

Title:
  panic or arbitrary jump due to coding error in retpoline for system
  call entry

Status in linux package in Ubuntu:
  Invalid
Status in linux-azure package in Ubuntu:
  Invalid
Status in linux-gcp package in Ubuntu:
  Invalid
Status in linux-hwe package in Ubuntu:
  Invalid
Status in linux-oem package in Ubuntu:
  Invalid
Status in linux source package in Xenial:
  Invalid
Status in linux-azure source package in Xenial:
  Fix Released
Status in linux-gcp source package in Xenial:
  Fix Released
Status in linux-hwe source package in Xenial:
  Fix Released
Status in linux-oem source package in Xenial:
  Fix Released
Status in linux source package in Artful:
  Fix Released
Status in linux-azure source package in Artful:
  Invalid
Status in linux-gcp source package in Artful:
  Invalid
Status in linux-hwe source package in Artful:
  Invalid
Status in linux-oem source package in Artful:
  Invalid

Bug description:
  
  Calling an invalid system call number panics the system (or potentially calls 
anywhere in kernel memory)

  In the system call entry, there's an andl, cmpl sequence to test the
  system call number in %rax/%eax for validity. If that fails, it will
  "ja 1f", which is the entry into the retpoline logic. That logic will
  eventually "retpoline" jump to what's in %r10 prior to this code
  fragment. The value in %r10 is the 4th system call argument passed
  directly in from user space, e.g.,

  rv = syscall(0x270f, 0x1111, 0x2222, 0x3333, 0x4444);

  so the kernel will attempt to jump to whatever is in the "0x4444"
  position above. The above call results in a panic and:

  [ 102.983486] BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at 0000000000004444 
  [...] 
  [ 103.165771] Code: Bad RIP value. 
  [ 103.169205] RIP: 0x4444 RSP: ffffac8780be3f50 

  The issue appears in the artful (4.13) and derivative kernels, because
  there is a coding error in the assembly language
  arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:

  entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath:
          /*
           * Easy case: enable interrupts and issue the syscall.  If the syscall
           * needs pt_regs, we'll call a stub that disables interrupts again
           * and jumps to the slow path.
           */
          TRACE_IRQS_ON
          ENABLE_INTERRUPTS(CLBR_NONE)
  #if __SYSCALL_MASK == ~0
          cmpq    $__NR_syscall_max, %rax
  #else
          andl    $__SYSCALL_MASK, %eax
          cmpl    $__NR_syscall_max, %eax
  #endif
          ja      1f                              /* return -ENOSYS (already in 
pt
  _regs->ax) */
          movq    %r10, %rcx

          /*
           * This call instruction is handled specially in stub_ptregs_64.
           * It might end up jumping to the slow path.  If it jumps, RAX
           * and all argument registers are clobbered.
           */
          movq    sys_call_table(, %rax, 8), %r10
          jmp     1f
  4:      callq   2f
  3:      nop
          jmp     3b
  2:      mov     %r10, (%rsp)
          retq
  1:      callq   4b

  .Lentry_SYSCALL_64_after_fastpath_call:

          movq    %rax, RAX(%rsp)
  1:

  Note the "ja 1f"; it's meant to jump to the later "1:" label, but
  disassembly of the compiled object shows that it goes to the "1: callq
  4b" instead (the retpoline logic). The xenial code for this section
  looks like:

          jmp     1001f
  1004:   callq   1002f
  1003:   nop
          jmp     1003b
  1002:   mov     %r10, (%rsp)
          retq
  1001:   callq   1004b

  and is not subject to the panic.

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