THE JEWS OF KHAZARIA, Third Edition (2018)
Kevin Alan Brook

The new edition incorporates the latest research into the multicultural
Khazar civilization in eastern Ukraine and southern Russia from the 7th
through 10th centuries.

Under the influence of Jewish refugees from the south, some Khazars
converted to Judaism in the 9th century. As presented in the updated
chapter 6, the newest evidence that Judaism existed in Khazaria is a
menorah etching on a pot from Mariupol.

Also new are chapter 10's substantially revised discussions of documentary
and scientific evidence related to Eastern European Jewish origins and
migrations. Conversations on competing ideas about them took place in
ha-Safran in November 2013. In the 3rd edition, the hypothesis that
Ashkenazic Jews descend at all from the Khazars is definitively put to
rest by contrasting Ashkenazic DNA with the DNA of medieval Khazars,
Hungarians, and Avars and modern Turkic and non-Turkic peoples from
relevant regions.

The book confirms the strong connection of Ashkenazim to the ancient
Israelites using the newest Y-DNA, mtDNA, and autosomal DNA analyses.
There are also surprisingly recent genetic ties in both directions between
Ashkenazic Jews and Sephardic Jews, between Ashkenazic Jews and Mizrahi
Jews, and between Ashkenazic Jews and Polish Catholics (further confirmed,
as the book went to press, by the discovery of the Ashkenazic mtDNA
haplogroup J1c7a in the Kowalewko cemetery in Iron Age Poland), and at
least one lineage in Ashkenazic Jews that comes from Chinese people.

Several more Turkic words in Yiddish that were identified by Alexander
Beider in his 2015 book "The Origins of Yiddish Dialects" are summarized
in chapter 10, but neither those nor the previously-found words are
specifically Khazarian, and they were adopted by Yiddish speakers from
non-Turkic languages like Polish or Ukrainian rather than directly from
Turkic speakers or ancestors. The Jews in Kievan Rus and the Lithuanian
Grand Duchy who became fluent in Slavic languages were not Khazars and it
turns out that at least some of them were Ashkenazic Jews who became

Michael Chabon and Emily Barton used my book to construct their novels
about the Jewish Khazars, "Gentlemen of the Road" and "The Book of Esther"
respectively. Neal Wyatt's article "Take the RA Talk Online" in the
February 2008 issue of Library Journal cited my book as an appropriate
nonfiction companion to Chabon's novel.

xv + 357 pages, 2 maps
hardcover, ISBN 978-1-5381-0342-5
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Reviews and table of contents at

I am offering a 30% discount code that expires December 31, 2018 to Jewish
libraries that contact me at prior to placing an order
directly through my publisher. It brings the price down to $29.40 + sales
tax + shipping.
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