The National Security Strategy of the United States of America


IX. Transform America's National Security Institutions to Meet the Challenges
and Opportunities of the Twenty-First Century


Before the war in Afghanistan, that area was low on the list of major planning
contingencies. Yet, in a very short time, we had to operate across the length
and breadth of that remote nation, using every branch of the armed forces.We
must prepare for more such deployments by developing assets such as advanced
remote sensing, long-range precision strike capabilities, and transformed
maneuver and expeditionary forces. This broad portfolio of military capabilities
must also include the ability to defend the homeland, conduct information
operations, ensure U.S. access to distant theaters, and protect critical U.S.
infrastructure and assets in outer space.

Innovation within the armed forces will rest on experimentation with new
approaches to warfare, strengthening joint operations, exploiting U.S.
intelligence advantages, and taking full advantage of science and technology.We
must also transform the way the Department of Defense is run, especially in
financial management and recruitment and retention. Finally, while maintaining
near-term readiness and the ability to fight the war on terrorism, the goal must
be to provide the President with a wider range of military options to discourage
aggression or any form of coercion against the United States, our allies, and
our friends.



I. Overview of America's International Strategy

"Our Nation's cause has always been larger than our Nation's defense. We fight,
as we always fight, for a just peace—a peace that favors liberty. We will defend
the peace against the threats from terrorists and tyrants. We will preserve the
peace by building good relations among the great powers. And we will extend the
peace by encouraging free and open societies on every continent."

President Bush
West Point, New York
June 1, 2002

The United States possesses unprecedented— and unequaled—strength and influence
in the world. Sustained by faith in the principles of liberty, and the value of
a free society, this position comes with unparalleled responsibilities,
obligations, and opportunity. The great strength of this nation must be used to
promote a balance of power that favors freedom.

For most of the twentieth century, the world was divided by a great struggle
over ideas: destructive totalitarian visions versus freedom and equality.

That great struggle is over. The militant visions of class, nation, and race
which promised utopia and delivered misery have been defeated and discredited.
America is now threatened less by conquering states than we are by failing ones.
We are menaced less by fleets and armies than by catastrophic technologies in
the hands of the embittered few.We must defeat these threats to our Nation,
allies, and friends.

This is also a time of opportunity for America. We will work to translate this
moment of influence into decades of peace, prosperity, and liberty. The U.S.
national security strategy will be based on a distinctly American
internationalism that reflects the union of our values and our national
interests. The aim of this strategy is to help make the world not just safer but
better. Our goals on the path to progress are clear: political and economic
freedom, peaceful relations with other states, and respect for human dignity.

And this path is not America’s alone. It is open to all. To achieve these goals,
the United States will:

champion aspirations for human dignity;
strengthen alliances to defeat global terrorism and work to prevent attacks
against us and our friends;
work with others to defuse regional conflicts;
prevent our enemies from threatening us, our allies, and our friends, with
weapons of mass destruction;
ignite a new era of global economic growt through free markets and free trade;
expand the circle of development by opening societies and building the
infrastructure of democracy;
develop agendas for cooperative action with other main centers of global power;
transform America’s national security institutions to meet the challenges and
opportunities of the twenty-first century.

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