On 2020-09-24 11:16, Thierry Reding wrote:
On Thu, Sep 24, 2020 at 10:46:46AM +0200, Marek Szyprowski wrote:
Hi Joerg,

On 24.09.2020 10:28, Joerg Roedel wrote:
On Wed, Sep 23, 2020 at 08:48:26AM +0200, Marek Szyprowski wrote:
It allows to remap given buffer at the specific IOVA address, although
it doesn't guarantee that those specific addresses won't be later used
by the IOVA allocator. Probably it would make sense to add an API for
generic IOMMU-DMA framework to mark the given IOVA range as
reserved/unused to protect them.
There is an API for that, the IOMMU driver can return IOVA reserved
regions per device and the IOMMU core code will take care of mapping
these regions and reserving them in the IOVA allocator, so that
DMA-IOMMU code will not use it for allocations.

Have a look at the iommu_ops->get_resv_regions() and

I know about the reserved regions IOMMU API, but the main problem here,
in case of Exynos, is that those reserved regions won't be created by
the IOMMU driver but by the IOMMU client device. It is just a result how
the media drivers manages their IOVA space. They simply have to load
firmware at the IOVA address lower than the any address of the used

I've been working on adding a way to automatically add direct mappings
using reserved-memory regions parsed from device tree, see:


Perhaps this can be of use? With that you should be able to add a
reserved-memory region somewhere in the lower range that you need for
firmware images and have that automatically added as a direct mapping
so that it won't be reused later on for dynamic allocations.

It can't easily be a *direct* mapping though - if the driver has to use the DMA masks to ensure that everything stays within the addressable range, then (as far as I'm aware) there's no physical memory that low down to equal the DMA addresses.

TBH I'm not convinced that this is a sufficiently common concern to justify new APIs, or even to try to make overly generic. I think just implementing a new DMA attribute to say "please allocate/map this particular request at the lowest DMA address possible" would be good enough. Such a thing could also serve PCI drivers that actually care about SAC/DAC to give us more of a chance of removing the "try a 32-bit mask first" trick from everyone's hotpath...

iommu mailing list

Reply via email to