Hi Jacob,

> -----Original Message-----
> From: iommu [mailto:iommu-boun...@lists.linux-foundation.org] On Behalf Of
> Jacob Pan
> Sent: 22 August 2020 05:35
> To: iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org; LKML <linux-ker...@vger.kernel.org>;
> Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-phili...@linaro.com>; Lu Baolu
> <baolu...@linux.intel.com>; Joerg Roedel <j...@8bytes.org>; David
> Woodhouse <dw...@infradead.org>
> Cc: Tian, Kevin <kevin.t...@intel.com>; Raj Ashok <ashok....@intel.com>; Wu
> Hao <hao...@intel.com>
> Subject: [PATCH v2 4/9] iommu/ioasid: Add reference couting functions
> 
> There can be multiple users of an IOASID, each user could have hardware
> contexts associated with the IOASID. In order to align lifecycles,
> reference counting is introduced in this patch. It is expected that when
> an IOASID is being freed, each user will drop a reference only after its
> context is cleared.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun....@linux.intel.com>
> ---
>  drivers/iommu/ioasid.c | 113
> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/linux/ioasid.h |   4 ++
>  2 files changed, 117 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c b/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
> index f73b3dbfc37a..5f31d63c75b1 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
> @@ -717,6 +717,119 @@ int ioasid_set_for_each_ioasid(struct ioasid_set
> *set,
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_set_for_each_ioasid);
> 
>  /**
> + * IOASID refcounting rules
> + * - ioasid_alloc() set initial refcount to 1
> + *
> + * - ioasid_free() decrement and test refcount.
> + *     If refcount is 0, ioasid will be freed. Deleted from the system-wide
> + *     xarray as well as per set xarray. The IOASID will be returned to the
> + *     pool and available for new allocations.
> + *
> + *     If recount is non-zero, mark IOASID as
> IOASID_STATE_FREE_PENDING.
> + *     No new reference can be added. The IOASID is not returned to the
> pool
> + *     for reuse.
> + *     After free, ioasid_get() will return error but ioasid_find() and other
> + *     non refcount adding APIs will continue to work until the last 
> reference
> + *     is dropped
> + *
> + * - ioasid_get() get a reference on an active IOASID
> + *
> + * - ioasid_put() decrement and test refcount of the IOASID.
> + *     If refcount is 0, ioasid will be freed. Deleted from the system-wide
> + *     xarray as well as per set xarray. The IOASID will be returned to the
> + *     pool and available for new allocations.
> + *     Do nothing if refcount is non-zero.
> + *

Is it better to have a return for this based on whether ioasid is freed or not? 

I was going through Jean's SMMUv3 SVA patches[1] and that one returns true
if ioasid was freed. And that info is subsequently used to reset the pasid 
associated
with a mm. Though, not sure that is still relevant or not.

Thanks,
Shameer
1. 
https://lore.kernel.org/linux-iommu/20200918101852.582559-3-jean-phili...@linaro.org/

> + * - ioasid_find() does not take reference, caller must hold reference
> + *
> + * ioasid_free() can be called multiple times without error until all refs 
> are
> + * dropped.
> + */
> +
> +int ioasid_get_locked(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid)
> +{
> +     struct ioasid_data *data;
> +
> +     data = xa_load(&active_allocator->xa, ioasid);
> +     if (!data) {
> +             pr_err("Trying to get unknown IOASID %u\n", ioasid);
> +             return -EINVAL;
> +     }
> +     if (data->state == IOASID_STATE_FREE_PENDING) {
> +             pr_err("Trying to get IOASID being freed%u\n", ioasid);
> +             return -EBUSY;
> +     }
> +
> +     if (set && data->set != set) {
> +             pr_err("Trying to get IOASID not in set%u\n", ioasid);
> +             /* data found but does not belong to the set */
> +             return -EACCES;
> +     }
> +     refcount_inc(&data->users);
> +
> +     return 0;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_get_locked);
> +
> +/**
> + * ioasid_get - Obtain a reference of an ioasid
> + * @set
> + * @ioasid
> + *
> + * Check set ownership if @set is non-null.
> + */
> +int ioasid_get(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid)
> +{
> +     int ret = 0;
> +
> +     spin_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> +     ret = ioasid_get_locked(set, ioasid);
> +     spin_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> +
> +     return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_get);
> +
> +void ioasid_put_locked(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid)
> +{
> +     struct ioasid_data *data;
> +
> +     data = xa_load(&active_allocator->xa, ioasid);
> +     if (!data) {
> +             pr_err("Trying to put unknown IOASID %u\n", ioasid);
> +             return;
> +     }
> +
> +     if (set && data->set != set) {
> +             pr_err("Trying to drop IOASID not in the set %u\n", ioasid);
> +             return;
> +     }
> +
> +     if (!refcount_dec_and_test(&data->users)) {
> +             pr_debug("%s: IOASID %d has %d remainning users\n",
> +                     __func__, ioasid, refcount_read(&data->users));
> +             return;
> +     }
> +     ioasid_do_free(data);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_put_locked);
> +
> +/**
> + * ioasid_put - Drop a reference of an ioasid
> + * @set
> + * @ioasid
> + *
> + * Check set ownership if @set is non-null.
> + */
> +void ioasid_put(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid)
> +{
> +     spin_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> +     ioasid_put_locked(set, ioasid);
> +     spin_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_put);
> +
> +/**
>   * ioasid_find - Find IOASID data
>   * @set: the IOASID set
>   * @ioasid: the IOASID to find
> diff --git a/include/linux/ioasid.h b/include/linux/ioasid.h
> index 412d025d440e..310abe4187a3 100644
> --- a/include/linux/ioasid.h
> +++ b/include/linux/ioasid.h
> @@ -76,6 +76,10 @@ int ioasid_attach_data(ioasid_t ioasid, void *data);
>  int ioasid_register_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator_ops *allocator);
>  void ioasid_unregister_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator_ops *allocator);
>  void ioasid_is_in_set(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid);
> +int ioasid_get(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid);
> +int ioasid_get_locked(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid);
> +void ioasid_put(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid);
> +void ioasid_put_locked(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid);
>  int ioasid_set_for_each_ioasid(struct ioasid_set *sdata,
>                              void (*fn)(ioasid_t id, void *data),
>                              void *data);
> --
> 2.7.4
> 
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