Neal Richardson commented on ARROW-6793:

The binaries available on the install page _are_ in sync with tagged versions 
on GitHub, but you seem to be installing the head of the master branch (what 
you get if you do install_github without specifying a tag). If you want to use 
the built binary libraries for an official release version of the C++ library, 
you need to use the corresponding R package. You can get that from CRAN–it 
isn't lagging. In the output you pasted above, you were installing from a CRAN 
snapshot "https://mran.microsoft.com/snapshot/2019-09-19/";. That's your lag.

> [R] Arrow C++ binary packaging for Linux
> ----------------------------------------
>                 Key: ARROW-6793
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/ARROW-6793
>             Project: Apache Arrow
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: R
>            Reporter: Neal Richardson
>            Assignee: Neal Richardson
>            Priority: Major
>             Fix For: 1.0.0
> Our current installation experience on Linux isn't ideal. Unless you've 
> already installed the Arrow C++ library, when you install the R package, you 
> get a shell that tells you to install the C++ library. That was a useful 
> approach to allow us to get the package on CRAN, which makes it easy for 
> macOS and Windows users to install, but it doesn't improve the installation 
> experience for Linux users. This is an impediment to adoption of arrow not 
> only by users but also by package maintainers who might want to depend on 
> arrow. 
> macOS and Windows have a better experience because at installation time, the 
> configure scripts download and statically link a prebuilt C++ library. CRAN 
> bundles the whole thing up and delivers that as a binary R package. 
> Python wheels do a similar thing: they're binaries that contain all external 
> dependencies. And there are pyarrow wheels for Linux. This suggests that we 
> could do something similar for R: build a generic Linux binary of the C++ 
> library and download it in the R package configure script at install time.
> I experimented with using the Arrow C++ binaries included in the Python 
> wheels in R. See discussion at the end of ARROW-5956. This worked on macOS 
> (not useful for R, but it proved the concept) and almost worked on Linux, but 
> it turned out that the "manylinux2010" standard is too archaic to work with 
> contemporary Rcpp. 
> Proposal: do a similar workflow to what the manylinux2010 pyarrow build does, 
> just with slightly more modern compiler/settings. Publish that C++ binary 
> package to bintray. Then download it in the R configure script if a 
> local/system package isn't found.
> Once we have a basic version working, test against various distros on 
> [R-hub|https://builder.r-hub.io/advanced] to make sure we're solid everywhere 
> and/or ensure the current fallback behavior when we encounter a distro that 
> this doesn't work for. If necessary, we can make multiple flavors of this C++ 
> binary for debian, centos, etc.

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