On Thu, Apr 12, 2018 at 05:01:52PM +0100, James Morse wrote: > Hi Akashi, > > Sorry I've been sluggish on this issue, > > On 05/04/18 03:42, AKASHI Takahiro wrote: > > On Mon, Apr 02, 2018 at 10:53:32AM +0900, AKASHI Takahiro wrote: > >> On Tue, Mar 27, 2018 at 02:32:49PM +0100, James Morse wrote: > >>> On 27/03/18 11:16, AKASHI Takahiro wrote: > >>>> On Tue, Mar 20, 2018 at 01:18:34AM +0530, Bhupesh Sharma wrote: > >>>>> On 03/14/2018 01:59 PM, AKASHI Takahiro wrote: > >>>>>> Currently, there is a inconsistent view between (A) and the mainline's: > >>>>>> see (A-1) and (B-1). If this is really a matter, I can fix it. > >>>>>> Kexec-tools can be easily modified to accept both formats, though. > >>> > >>> Ooer, what needs changing in kexec-tools? What happens if someone doesn't > >>> update > >>> userspace at the same time? > >> > >> Basically, changes that I made on /proc/iomem in my new format D were: > >> 1. to move NOMAP region entries, formerly named "reserved" and now named > >> "reserved (no map)", under System RAM > >> 2. to add new entries for firmware-reserved regions as "reserved" also > >> under System RAM > >> > >> On the other hand, current kexec-tools, in particular kexec command, > >> only scan top-level "System RAM" entries as well as "reserved" entries. > > as well as?
I had few words here. The current kexec-tools assumes that "reserved" entries appear only at the top level. So, > Does this mean kexec will pick up the reserved region if its written as: > | 00001000-0009d7ff : System RAM > | 00001000-00001fff : reserved if this is the case, the range "0x1000-0x1fff" is added to an internal list of memory ranges but will later be *ignored* by locate_hole() function due to its memory type. That is, the range can potentially be overwritten by loaded kernel/initrd. > > >> So if someone doesn't update kexec-tools, secondary kernel may potentially > >> crash during boot time > > Doesn't this make it a kernel bug? This didn't happen before v4.14 because > nomap > and kexec-don't-write-here were the same thing. Since f56ab9a5b73c they > aren't, > as ACPI_RECLAIM_MEMORY is_usable_memory(). The memblock_reserve() is enough to > stop the kernel overwriting the region, but not to stop kexec placing the new > kernel over the top. > > (now I can't see how the efi memory map itself is reserved ... I thought that > was nomap too, but it looks like its just 'not mapped' when efi_init() is > called) (I will check.) > > >> either because > >> a. new kernel (or initrd/dtb) may have been allocated on a NOMAP region > >> which are not suitable for usable memory, or > >> b. new kernel (or initrd/dtb) may have been allocated on a reserved region > >> whose contents can be overwritten. > >> > >> While we see (b) even today, (a) is a backward compatibility issue. > > (a) doesn't happen because request_standard_resources() checks > memblock_is_nomap(), and reports those regions as 'reserved'. I might have confused you. The assumption here was that we adopt format (D), where all NOMAP regions are sub nodes of "System RAM", but still use the current kexec-tools. As I said above, this will end up an un-expected behavior. > > [...] > > >>>>> I think we should preserve all the memblock_reserve'd regions. So +1 on > >>>>> this > >>>>> approach from my side. I believe it might help avoid issues we have > >>>>> seen in > >>>>> the past with 'kexec-tools' _incorrectly_ determining which regions to > >>>>> pick > >>>>> from the '/proc/iomem'. > >>>> > >>>> As I said in my reply to Ard's comment, I now know *overkill* is not a > >>>> big > >>>> issue and I will go for this approach. > >>> > >>> /sys/kernel/debug/memblock/reserved has all kinds of weird stuff in it, > >>> including some smaller-than-a-page reservations that appear to come from > >>> the > >>> percpu allocator. > >>> > >>> I agree it will make the implementation simpler, and reserving 'too much' > >>> isn't > >>> an issue. > >> > >> Are you suggesting that we should use /sys/kernel/debug/memblock/reserved > >> without modifying current /proc/iomem? > >> (Note that, even in this approach, we need an user-space change.) > > Sorry for the late response: no. My point was memblock_reserve() is used for > all > sorts of different things, most of which don't matter for kexec. Its > reservations are not always page-aligned. I understand. > > >> Hmm, overall, this approach will be preferable to format B/E. > > > > What is nice in this approach is that we don't have to make any change > > on kernel side. Now that I have a patch for kexec-tools, you can try: > > https://git.linaro.org/people/takahiro.akashi/kexec-tools.git resv_mem2 > > This requires user-space to mount debugfs too, which requires > CONFIG_DEBUG_FS... Yes. > We can't expect user-space to upgrade to fix this issue. I'm not sure what you mean here; we can't fix the issue anyway without changing user-space/kexec-tools as kexec_load system call totally relies on parameters passed by kexec-tools. (The only difference is whether we need additional kernel changes or not.) > > > # I don't know yet whether people are happy with this fix, and also have > > kernel patches for my other approaches. They are neither not much > > complicated. > > I don't think we should fix this in userspace, exporting all the > memblock_reserved() regions as 'reserved' in /proc/iomem looks like the right > thing to do. Again, if you modify /proc/iomem, you have to update kexec-tools, too. > ah, you have patches, I've had a couple of attempts at this too... That's fine and it looks better than mine :) > > > On the other hand, kdump failure due to alignment fault at ACPI tables > > won't be fixed by this patch anyway. I already submitted two different > > approaches,. > > > >  > > http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/linux-arm-kernel/2018-January/553098.html > >  > > http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/linux-arm-kernel/2018-February/557248.html > > > > There can be yet another approach; we would add a list of reserved regions > > to a dtb property, "linux,usable-memory-range". But I don't like it. > > (me neither) > > > What do you think? > > I prefer  above, I don't have a strong opinion here, but I like  because the kernel handles the memory in the same manner as prior kernels did. > wasn't there going to be another version, with the core EFI > stuff split out? ? I don't remember well ... Thanks, -Takahiro AKASHI > > Thanks, > > James _______________________________________________ kexec mailing list email@example.com http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/kexec