On Tue, Apr 10, 2018 at 05:05:40PM +0200, Christoffer Dall wrote:
> On Tue, Apr 10, 2018 at 11:51:19AM +0100, Mark Rutland wrote:
> > I think we also need to update kvm->arch.vttbr before updating
> > kvm->arch.vmid_gen, otherwise another CPU can come in, see that the
> > vmid_gen is up-to-date, jump to hyp, and program a stale VTTBR (with the
> > old VMID).
> > 
> > With the smp_wmb() and update of kvm->arch.vmid_gen moved to the end of
> > the critical section, I think that works, modulo using READ_ONCE() and
> > WRITE_ONCE() to ensure single-copy-atomicity of the fields we access
> > locklessly.
> 
> Indeed, you're right.  I would look something like this, then:
> 
> diff --git a/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c b/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c
> index 2e43f9d42bd5..6cb08995e7ff 100644
> --- a/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c
> +++ b/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c
> @@ -450,7 +450,9 @@ void force_vm_exit(const cpumask_t *mask)
>   */
>  static bool need_new_vmid_gen(struct kvm *kvm)
>  {
> -     return unlikely(kvm->arch.vmid_gen != atomic64_read(&kvm_vmid_gen));
> +     u64 current_vmid_gen = atomic64_read(&kvm_vmid_gen);
> +     smp_rmb(); /* Orders read of kvm_vmid_gen and kvm->arch.vmid */
> +     return unlikely(READ_ONCE(kvm->arch.vmid_gen) != current_vmid_gen);
>  }
>  
>  /**
> @@ -500,7 +502,6 @@ static void update_vttbr(struct kvm *kvm)
>               kvm_call_hyp(__kvm_flush_vm_context);
>       }
>  
> -     kvm->arch.vmid_gen = atomic64_read(&kvm_vmid_gen);
>       kvm->arch.vmid = kvm_next_vmid;
>       kvm_next_vmid++;
>       kvm_next_vmid &= (1 << kvm_vmid_bits) - 1;
> @@ -509,7 +510,10 @@ static void update_vttbr(struct kvm *kvm)
>       pgd_phys = virt_to_phys(kvm->arch.pgd);
>       BUG_ON(pgd_phys & ~VTTBR_BADDR_MASK);
>       vmid = ((u64)(kvm->arch.vmid) << VTTBR_VMID_SHIFT) & 
> VTTBR_VMID_MASK(kvm_vmid_bits);
> -     kvm->arch.vttbr = pgd_phys | vmid;
> +     WRITE_ONCE(kvm->arch.vttbr, pgd_phys | vmid);
> +
> +     smp_wmb(); /* Ensure vttbr update is observed before vmid_gen update */
> +     kvm->arch.vmid_gen = atomic64_read(&kvm_vmid_gen);
>  
>       spin_unlock(&kvm_vmid_lock);
>  }

I think that's right, yes.

We could replace the smp_{r,w}mb() barriers with an acquire of the
kvm_vmid_gen and a release of kvm->arch.vmid_gen, but if we're really
trying to optimize things there are larger algorithmic changes necessary
anyhow.

> It's probably easier to convince ourselves about the correctness of
> Marc's code using a rwlock instead, though.  Thoughts?

I believe that Marc's preference was the rwlock; I have no preference
either way.

Thanks,
Mark.
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