Also improves the metadata and generally makes the configuration
a bit cleaner.
---
Build system; also fix a silly bug with num_ticks_poc_diff noticed by 
hevc_metadata testing.


 configure                      |    2 +-
 libavcodec/Makefile            |    2 +-
 libavcodec/vaapi_encode_h265.c | 1544 +++++++++++++++-------------------------
 libavcodec/vaapi_encode_h26x.c |   68 --
 libavcodec/vaapi_encode_h26x.h |   45 --
 5 files changed, 590 insertions(+), 1071 deletions(-)
 delete mode 100644 libavcodec/vaapi_encode_h26x.c
 delete mode 100644 libavcodec/vaapi_encode_h26x.h

diff --git a/configure b/configure
index 215e0eaa9..c62165887 100755
--- a/configure
+++ b/configure
@@ -2290,7 +2290,7 @@ hevc_nvenc_encoder_deps="nvenc"
 hevc_qsv_decoder_select="hevc_mp4toannexb_bsf hevc_parser hevc_qsv_hwaccel 
qsvdec"
 hevc_qsv_encoder_select="hevc_ps qsvenc"
 hevc_vaapi_encoder_deps="VAEncPictureParameterBufferHEVC"
-hevc_vaapi_encoder_select="vaapi_encode golomb"
+hevc_vaapi_encoder_select="vaapi_encode cbs_h265"
 mjpeg_qsv_encoder_deps="libmfx"
 mjpeg_qsv_encoder_select="qsvenc"
 mjpeg_vaapi_encoder_deps="VAEncPictureParameterBufferJPEG"
diff --git a/libavcodec/Makefile b/libavcodec/Makefile
index 456ee9bb0..ffd17c9cf 100644
--- a/libavcodec/Makefile
+++ b/libavcodec/Makefile
@@ -285,7 +285,7 @@ OBJS-$(CONFIG_HEVC_NVENC_ENCODER)      += nvenc_hevc.o
 OBJS-$(CONFIG_HEVC_QSV_DECODER)        += qsvdec_h2645.o
 OBJS-$(CONFIG_HEVC_QSV_ENCODER)        += qsvenc_hevc.o hevc_ps_enc.o       \
                                           h2645_parse.o hevc_data.o
-OBJS-$(CONFIG_HEVC_VAAPI_ENCODER)      += vaapi_encode_h265.o 
vaapi_encode_h26x.o
+OBJS-$(CONFIG_HEVC_VAAPI_ENCODER)      += vaapi_encode_h265.o
 OBJS-$(CONFIG_HNM4_VIDEO_DECODER)      += hnm4video.o
 OBJS-$(CONFIG_HQ_HQA_DECODER)          += hq_hqa.o hq_hqadata.o hq_hqadsp.o \
                                           canopus.o
diff --git a/libavcodec/vaapi_encode_h265.c b/libavcodec/vaapi_encode_h265.c
index 9b029e2e2..f441e0370 100644
--- a/libavcodec/vaapi_encode_h265.c
+++ b/libavcodec/vaapi_encode_h265.c
@@ -16,164 +16,25 @@
  * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
  */
 
+#include <string.h>
+
 #include <va/va.h>
 #include <va/va_enc_hevc.h>
 
 #include "libavutil/avassert.h"
-#include "libavutil/internal.h"
+#include "libavutil/common.h"
 #include "libavutil/opt.h"
-#include "libavutil/pixfmt.h"
 
 #include "avcodec.h"
+#include "cbs.h"
+#include "cbs_h265.h"
 #include "hevc.h"
 #include "internal.h"
 #include "put_bits.h"
 #include "vaapi_encode.h"
-#include "vaapi_encode_h26x.h"
-
-
-#define MAX_ST_REF_PIC_SETS  32
-#define MAX_DPB_PICS         16
-#define MAX_LAYERS            1
-
-
-typedef struct VAAPIEncodeH265STRPS {
-    char inter_ref_pic_set_prediction_flag;
-
-    unsigned int num_negative_pics;
-    unsigned int num_positive_pics;
-
-    unsigned int delta_poc_s0_minus1[MAX_DPB_PICS];
-    char used_by_curr_pic_s0_flag[MAX_DPB_PICS];
-
-    unsigned int delta_poc_s1_minus1[MAX_DPB_PICS];
-    char used_by_curr_pic_s1_flag[MAX_DPB_PICS];
-} VAAPIEncodeH265STRPS;
-
-// This structure contains all possibly-useful per-sequence syntax elements
-// which are not already contained in the various VAAPI structures.
-typedef struct VAAPIEncodeH265MiscSequenceParams {
-
-    // Parameter set IDs.
-    unsigned int video_parameter_set_id;
-    unsigned int seq_parameter_set_id;
-
-    // Layering.
-    unsigned int vps_max_layers_minus1;
-    unsigned int vps_max_sub_layers_minus1;
-    char vps_temporal_id_nesting_flag;
-    unsigned int vps_max_layer_id;
-    unsigned int vps_num_layer_sets_minus1;
-    unsigned int sps_max_sub_layers_minus1;
-    char sps_temporal_id_nesting_flag;
-    char layer_id_included_flag[MAX_LAYERS][64];
-
-    // Profile/tier/level parameters.
-    char general_profile_compatibility_flag[32];
-    char general_progressive_source_flag;
-    char general_interlaced_source_flag;
-    char general_non_packed_constraint_flag;
-    char general_frame_only_constraint_flag;
-    char general_inbld_flag;
-
-    // Decode/display ordering parameters.
-    unsigned int log2_max_pic_order_cnt_lsb_minus4;
-    char vps_sub_layer_ordering_info_present_flag;
-    unsigned int vps_max_dec_pic_buffering_minus1[MAX_LAYERS];
-    unsigned int vps_max_num_reorder_pics[MAX_LAYERS];
-    unsigned int vps_max_latency_increase_plus1[MAX_LAYERS];
-    char sps_sub_layer_ordering_info_present_flag;
-    unsigned int sps_max_dec_pic_buffering_minus1[MAX_LAYERS];
-    unsigned int sps_max_num_reorder_pics[MAX_LAYERS];
-    unsigned int sps_max_latency_increase_plus1[MAX_LAYERS];
-
-    // Timing information.
-    char vps_timing_info_present_flag;
-    unsigned int vps_num_units_in_tick;
-    unsigned int vps_time_scale;
-    char vps_poc_proportional_to_timing_flag;
-    unsigned int vps_num_ticks_poc_diff_minus1;
-
-    // Cropping information.
-    char conformance_window_flag;
-    unsigned int conf_win_left_offset;
-    unsigned int conf_win_right_offset;
-    unsigned int conf_win_top_offset;
-    unsigned int conf_win_bottom_offset;
-
-    // Short-term reference picture sets.
-    unsigned int num_short_term_ref_pic_sets;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265STRPS st_ref_pic_set[MAX_ST_REF_PIC_SETS];
-
-    // Long-term reference pictures.
-    char long_term_ref_pics_present_flag;
-    unsigned int num_long_term_ref_pics_sps;
-    struct {
-        unsigned int lt_ref_pic_poc_lsb_sps;
-        char used_by_curr_pic_lt_sps_flag;
-    } lt_ref_pic;
-
-    // Deblocking filter control.
-    char deblocking_filter_control_present_flag;
-    char deblocking_filter_override_enabled_flag;
-    char pps_deblocking_filter_disabled_flag;
-    int pps_beta_offset_div2;
-    int pps_tc_offset_div2;
-
-    // Video Usability Information.
-    char vui_parameters_present_flag;
-    char aspect_ratio_info_present_flag;
-    unsigned int aspect_ratio_idc;
-    unsigned int sar_width;
-    unsigned int sar_height;
-    char video_signal_type_present_flag;
-    unsigned int video_format;
-    char video_full_range_flag;
-    char colour_description_present_flag;
-    unsigned int colour_primaries;
-    unsigned int transfer_characteristics;
-    unsigned int matrix_coeffs;
-
-    // Oddments.
-    char uniform_spacing_flag;
-    char output_flag_present_flag;
-    char cabac_init_present_flag;
-    unsigned int num_extra_slice_header_bits;
-    char lists_modification_present_flag;
-    char pps_slice_chroma_qp_offsets_present_flag;
-    char pps_slice_chroma_offset_list_enabled_flag;
-} VAAPIEncodeH265MiscSequenceParams;
-
-// This structure contains all possibly-useful per-slice syntax elements
-// which are not already contained in the various VAAPI structures.
-typedef struct VAAPIEncodeH265MiscSliceParams {
-    // Slice segments.
-    char first_slice_segment_in_pic_flag;
-    unsigned int slice_segment_address;
-
-    // Short-term reference picture sets.
-    char short_term_ref_pic_set_sps_flag;
-    unsigned int short_term_ref_pic_idx;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265STRPS st_ref_pic_set;
-
-    // Deblocking filter.
-    char deblocking_filter_override_flag;
-
-    // Oddments.
-    char slice_reserved_flag[8];
-    char no_output_of_prior_pics_flag;
-    char pic_output_flag;
-} VAAPIEncodeH265MiscSliceParams;
-
-typedef struct VAAPIEncodeH265Slice {
-    VAAPIEncodeH265MiscSliceParams misc_slice_params;
-
-    int64_t pic_order_cnt;
-} VAAPIEncodeH265Slice;
 
-typedef struct VAAPIEncodeH265Context {
-    VAAPIEncodeH265MiscSequenceParams misc_sequence_params;
 
+typedef struct VAAPIEncodeH265Context {
     unsigned int ctu_width;
     unsigned int ctu_height;
 
@@ -181,17 +42,19 @@ typedef struct VAAPIEncodeH265Context {
     int fixed_qp_p;
     int fixed_qp_b;
 
+    H265RawVPS vps;
+    H265RawSPS sps;
+    H265RawPPS pps;
+    H265RawSlice slice;
+
     int64_t last_idr_frame;
+    int pic_order_cnt;
 
-    // Rate control configuration.
-    struct {
-        VAEncMiscParameterBuffer misc;
-        VAEncMiscParameterRateControl rc;
-    } rc_params;
-    struct {
-        VAEncMiscParameterBuffer misc;
-        VAEncMiscParameterHRD hrd;
-    } hrd_params;
+    int slice_nal_unit;
+    int slice_type;
+
+    CodedBitstreamContext cbc;
+    CodedBitstreamFragment current_access_unit;
 } VAAPIEncodeH265Context;
 
 typedef struct VAAPIEncodeH265Options {
@@ -199,564 +62,77 @@ typedef struct VAAPIEncodeH265Options {
 } VAAPIEncodeH265Options;
 
 
-#define vseq_var(name)     vseq->name, name
-#define vseq_field(name)   vseq->seq_fields.bits.name, name
-#define vpic_var(name)     vpic->name, name
-#define vpic_field(name)   vpic->pic_fields.bits.name, name
-#define vslice_var(name)   vslice->name, name
-#define vslice_field(name) vslice->slice_fields.bits.name, name
-#define mseq_var(name)     mseq->name, name
-#define mslice_var(name)   mslice->name, name
-#define mstrps_var(name)   mstrps->name, name
-
-static void vaapi_encode_h265_write_nal_unit_header(PutBitContext *pbc,
-                                                    int nal_unit_type)
-{
-    u(1, 0, forbidden_zero_bit);
-    u(6, nal_unit_type, nal_unit_type);
-    u(6, 0, nuh_layer_id);
-    u(3, 1, nuh_temporal_id_plus1);
-}
-
-static void vaapi_encode_h265_write_rbsp_trailing_bits(PutBitContext *pbc)
-{
-    u(1, 1, rbsp_stop_one_bit);
-    while (put_bits_count(pbc) & 7)
-        u(1, 0, rbsp_alignment_zero_bit);
-}
-
-static void vaapi_encode_h265_write_profile_tier_level(PutBitContext *pbc,
-                                                       VAAPIEncodeContext *ctx)
-{
-    VAEncSequenceParameterBufferHEVC  *vseq = ctx->codec_sequence_params;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265Context            *priv = ctx->priv_data;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265MiscSequenceParams *mseq = &priv->misc_sequence_params;
-    int j;
-
-    if (1) {
-        u(2, 0, general_profile_space);
-        u(1, vseq_var(general_tier_flag));
-        u(5, vseq_var(general_profile_idc));
-
-        for (j = 0; j < 32; j++) {
-            u(1, mseq_var(general_profile_compatibility_flag[j]));
-        }
-
-        u(1, mseq_var(general_progressive_source_flag));
-        u(1, mseq_var(general_interlaced_source_flag));
-        u(1, mseq_var(general_non_packed_constraint_flag));
-        u(1, mseq_var(general_frame_only_constraint_flag));
-
-        if (0) {
-            // Not main profile.
-            // Lots of extra constraint flags.
-        } else {
-            // put_bits only handles up to 31 bits.
-            u(23, 0, general_reserved_zero_43bits);
-            u(20, 0, general_reserved_zero_43bits);
-        }
-
-        if (vseq->general_profile_idc >= 1 && vseq->general_profile_idc <= 5) {
-            u(1, mseq_var(general_inbld_flag));
-        } else {
-            u(1, 0, general_reserved_zero_bit);
-        }
-    }
-
-    u(8, vseq_var(general_level_idc));
-
-    // No sublayers.
-}
-
-static void vaapi_encode_h265_write_vps(PutBitContext *pbc,
-                                        VAAPIEncodeContext *ctx)
-{
-    VAAPIEncodeH265Context            *priv = ctx->priv_data;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265MiscSequenceParams *mseq = &priv->misc_sequence_params;
-    int i, j;
-
-    vaapi_encode_h265_write_nal_unit_header(pbc, HEVC_NAL_VPS);
-
-    u(4, mseq->video_parameter_set_id, vps_video_parameter_set_id);
-
-    u(1, 1, vps_base_layer_internal_flag);
-    u(1, 1, vps_base_layer_available_flag);
-    u(6, mseq_var(vps_max_layers_minus1));
-    u(3, mseq_var(vps_max_sub_layers_minus1));
-    u(1, mseq_var(vps_temporal_id_nesting_flag));
-
-    u(16, 0xffff, vps_reserved_0xffff_16bits);
-
-    vaapi_encode_h265_write_profile_tier_level(pbc, ctx);
-
-    u(1, mseq_var(vps_sub_layer_ordering_info_present_flag));
-    for (i = (mseq->vps_sub_layer_ordering_info_present_flag ?
-              0 : mseq->vps_max_sub_layers_minus1);
-         i <= mseq->vps_max_sub_layers_minus1; i++) {
-        ue(mseq_var(vps_max_dec_pic_buffering_minus1[i]));
-        ue(mseq_var(vps_max_num_reorder_pics[i]));
-        ue(mseq_var(vps_max_latency_increase_plus1[i]));
-    }
-
-    u(6, mseq_var(vps_max_layer_id));
-    ue(mseq_var(vps_num_layer_sets_minus1));
-    for (i = 1; i <= mseq->vps_num_layer_sets_minus1; i++) {
-        for (j = 0; j < mseq->vps_max_layer_id; j++)
-            u(1, mseq_var(layer_id_included_flag[i][j]));
-    }
-
-    u(1, mseq_var(vps_timing_info_present_flag));
-    if (mseq->vps_timing_info_present_flag) {
-        u(1, 0, put_bits_hack_zero_bit);
-        u(31, mseq_var(vps_num_units_in_tick));
-        u(1, 0, put_bits_hack_zero_bit);
-        u(31, mseq_var(vps_time_scale));
-        u(1, mseq_var(vps_poc_proportional_to_timing_flag));
-        if (mseq->vps_poc_proportional_to_timing_flag) {
-            ue(mseq_var(vps_num_ticks_poc_diff_minus1));
-        }
-        ue(0, vps_num_hrd_parameters);
-    }
-
-    u(1, 0, vps_extension_flag);
-
-    vaapi_encode_h265_write_rbsp_trailing_bits(pbc);
-}
-
-static void vaapi_encode_h265_write_st_ref_pic_set(PutBitContext *pbc,
-                                                   int st_rps_idx,
-                                                   VAAPIEncodeH265STRPS 
*mstrps)
-{
-    int i;
-
-    if (st_rps_idx != 0)
-       u(1, mstrps_var(inter_ref_pic_set_prediction_flag));
-
-    if (mstrps->inter_ref_pic_set_prediction_flag) {
-        av_assert0(0 && "inter ref pic set prediction not supported");
-    } else {
-        ue(mstrps_var(num_negative_pics));
-        ue(mstrps_var(num_positive_pics));
-
-        for (i = 0; i < mstrps->num_negative_pics; i++) {
-            ue(mstrps_var(delta_poc_s0_minus1[i]));
-            u(1, mstrps_var(used_by_curr_pic_s0_flag[i]));
-        }
-        for (i = 0; i < mstrps->num_positive_pics; i++) {
-            ue(mstrps_var(delta_poc_s1_minus1[i]));
-            u(1, mstrps_var(used_by_curr_pic_s1_flag[i]));
-        }
-    }
-}
-
-static void vaapi_encode_h265_write_vui_parameters(PutBitContext *pbc,
-                                                   VAAPIEncodeContext *ctx)
-{
-    VAAPIEncodeH265Context            *priv = ctx->priv_data;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265MiscSequenceParams *mseq = &priv->misc_sequence_params;
-
-    u(1, mseq_var(aspect_ratio_info_present_flag));
-    if (mseq->aspect_ratio_info_present_flag) {
-        u(8, mseq_var(aspect_ratio_idc));
-        if (mseq->aspect_ratio_idc == 255) {
-            u(16, mseq_var(sar_width));
-            u(16, mseq_var(sar_height));
-        }
-    }
-
-    u(1, 0, overscan_info_present_flag);
-
-    u(1, mseq_var(video_signal_type_present_flag));
-    if (mseq->video_signal_type_present_flag) {
-        u(3, mseq_var(video_format));
-        u(1, mseq_var(video_full_range_flag));
-        u(1, mseq_var(colour_description_present_flag));
-        if (mseq->colour_description_present_flag) {
-            u(8, mseq_var(colour_primaries));
-            u(8, mseq_var(transfer_characteristics));
-            u(8, mseq_var(matrix_coeffs));
-        }
-    }
-
-    u(1, 0, chroma_loc_info_present_flag);
-    u(1, 0, neutral_chroma_indication_flag);
-    u(1, 0, field_seq_flag);
-    u(1, 0, frame_field_info_present_flag);
-    u(1, 0, default_display_window_flag);
-    u(1, 0, vui_timing_info_present_flag);
-    u(1, 0, bitstream_restriction_flag_flag);
-}
-
-static void vaapi_encode_h265_write_sps(PutBitContext *pbc,
-                                        VAAPIEncodeContext *ctx)
-{
-    VAEncSequenceParameterBufferHEVC  *vseq = ctx->codec_sequence_params;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265Context            *priv = ctx->priv_data;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265MiscSequenceParams *mseq = &priv->misc_sequence_params;
-    int i;
-
-    vaapi_encode_h265_write_nal_unit_header(pbc, HEVC_NAL_SPS);
-
-    u(4, mseq->video_parameter_set_id, sps_video_parameter_set_id);
-
-    u(3, mseq_var(sps_max_sub_layers_minus1));
-    u(1, mseq_var(sps_temporal_id_nesting_flag));
-
-    vaapi_encode_h265_write_profile_tier_level(pbc, ctx);
-
-    ue(mseq->seq_parameter_set_id, sps_seq_parameter_set_id);
-    ue(vseq_field(chroma_format_idc));
-    if (vseq->seq_fields.bits.chroma_format_idc == 3)
-        u(1, 0, separate_colour_plane_flag);
-
-    ue(vseq_var(pic_width_in_luma_samples));
-    ue(vseq_var(pic_height_in_luma_samples));
-
-    u(1, mseq_var(conformance_window_flag));
-    if (mseq->conformance_window_flag) {
-        ue(mseq_var(conf_win_left_offset));
-        ue(mseq_var(conf_win_right_offset));
-        ue(mseq_var(conf_win_top_offset));
-        ue(mseq_var(conf_win_bottom_offset));
-    }
-
-    ue(vseq_field(bit_depth_luma_minus8));
-    ue(vseq_field(bit_depth_chroma_minus8));
-
-    ue(mseq_var(log2_max_pic_order_cnt_lsb_minus4));
-
-    u(1, mseq_var(sps_sub_layer_ordering_info_present_flag));
-    for (i = (mseq->sps_sub_layer_ordering_info_present_flag ?
-              0 : mseq->sps_max_sub_layers_minus1);
-         i <= mseq->sps_max_sub_layers_minus1; i++) {
-        ue(mseq_var(sps_max_dec_pic_buffering_minus1[i]));
-        ue(mseq_var(sps_max_num_reorder_pics[i]));
-        ue(mseq_var(sps_max_latency_increase_plus1[i]));
-    }
-
-    ue(vseq_var(log2_min_luma_coding_block_size_minus3));
-    ue(vseq_var(log2_diff_max_min_luma_coding_block_size));
-    ue(vseq_var(log2_min_transform_block_size_minus2));
-    ue(vseq_var(log2_diff_max_min_transform_block_size));
-    ue(vseq_var(max_transform_hierarchy_depth_inter));
-    ue(vseq_var(max_transform_hierarchy_depth_intra));
-
-    u(1, vseq_field(scaling_list_enabled_flag));
-    if (vseq->seq_fields.bits.scaling_list_enabled_flag) {
-        u(1, 0, sps_scaling_list_data_present_flag);
-    }
-
-    u(1, vseq_field(amp_enabled_flag));
-    u(1, vseq_field(sample_adaptive_offset_enabled_flag));
-
-    u(1, vseq_field(pcm_enabled_flag));
-    if (vseq->seq_fields.bits.pcm_enabled_flag) {
-        u(4, vseq_var(pcm_sample_bit_depth_luma_minus1));
-        u(4, vseq_var(pcm_sample_bit_depth_chroma_minus1));
-        ue(vseq_var(log2_min_pcm_luma_coding_block_size_minus3));
-        ue(vseq->log2_max_pcm_luma_coding_block_size_minus3 -
-           vseq->log2_min_pcm_luma_coding_block_size_minus3,
-           log2_diff_max_min_pcm_luma_coding_block_size);
-        u(1, vseq_field(pcm_loop_filter_disabled_flag));
-    }
-
-    ue(mseq_var(num_short_term_ref_pic_sets));
-    for (i = 0; i < mseq->num_short_term_ref_pic_sets; i++)
-        vaapi_encode_h265_write_st_ref_pic_set(pbc, i,
-                                               &mseq->st_ref_pic_set[i]);
-
-    u(1, mseq_var(long_term_ref_pics_present_flag));
-    if (mseq->long_term_ref_pics_present_flag) {
-        ue(0, num_long_term_ref_pics_sps);
-    }
-
-    u(1, vseq_field(sps_temporal_mvp_enabled_flag));
-    u(1, vseq_field(strong_intra_smoothing_enabled_flag));
-
-    u(1, mseq_var(vui_parameters_present_flag));
-    if (mseq->vui_parameters_present_flag) {
-        vaapi_encode_h265_write_vui_parameters(pbc, ctx);
-    }
-
-    u(1, 0, sps_extension_present_flag);
-
-    vaapi_encode_h265_write_rbsp_trailing_bits(pbc);
-}
-
-static void vaapi_encode_h265_write_pps(PutBitContext *pbc,
-                                        VAAPIEncodeContext *ctx)
+static int vaapi_encode_h265_write_access_unit(AVCodecContext *avctx,
+                                               char *data, size_t *data_len,
+                                               CodedBitstreamFragment *au)
 {
-    VAEncPictureParameterBufferHEVC   *vpic = ctx->codec_picture_params;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265Context            *priv = ctx->priv_data;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265MiscSequenceParams *mseq = &priv->misc_sequence_params;
-    int i;
-
-    vaapi_encode_h265_write_nal_unit_header(pbc, HEVC_NAL_PPS);
-
-    ue(vpic->slice_pic_parameter_set_id, pps_pic_parameter_set_id);
-    ue(mseq->seq_parameter_set_id, pps_seq_parameter_set_id);
-
-    u(1, vpic_field(dependent_slice_segments_enabled_flag));
-    u(1, mseq_var(output_flag_present_flag));
-    u(3, mseq_var(num_extra_slice_header_bits));
-    u(1, vpic_field(sign_data_hiding_enabled_flag));
-    u(1, mseq_var(cabac_init_present_flag));
-
-    ue(vpic_var(num_ref_idx_l0_default_active_minus1));
-    ue(vpic_var(num_ref_idx_l1_default_active_minus1));
-
-    se(vpic->pic_init_qp - 26, init_qp_minus26);
-
-    u(1, vpic_field(constrained_intra_pred_flag));
-    u(1, vpic_field(transform_skip_enabled_flag));
-
-    u(1, vpic_field(cu_qp_delta_enabled_flag));
-    if (vpic->pic_fields.bits.cu_qp_delta_enabled_flag)
-        ue(vpic_var(diff_cu_qp_delta_depth));
-
-    se(vpic_var(pps_cb_qp_offset));
-    se(vpic_var(pps_cr_qp_offset));
-
-    u(1, mseq_var(pps_slice_chroma_qp_offsets_present_flag));
-    u(1, vpic_field(weighted_pred_flag));
-    u(1, vpic_field(weighted_bipred_flag));
-    u(1, vpic_field(transquant_bypass_enabled_flag));
-    u(1, vpic_field(tiles_enabled_flag));
-    u(1, vpic_field(entropy_coding_sync_enabled_flag));
+    VAAPIEncodeContext      *ctx = avctx->priv_data;
+    VAAPIEncodeH265Context *priv = ctx->priv_data;
+    int err;
 
-    if (vpic->pic_fields.bits.tiles_enabled_flag) {
-        ue(vpic_var(num_tile_columns_minus1));
-        ue(vpic_var(num_tile_rows_minus1));
-        u(1, mseq_var(uniform_spacing_flag));
-        if (!mseq->uniform_spacing_flag) {
-            for (i = 0; i < vpic->num_tile_columns_minus1; i++)
-                ue(vpic_var(column_width_minus1[i]));
-            for (i = 0; i < vpic->num_tile_rows_minus1; i++)
-                ue(vpic_var(row_height_minus1[i]));
-        }
-        u(1, vpic_field(loop_filter_across_tiles_enabled_flag));
+    err = ff_cbs_write_fragment_data(&priv->cbc, au);
+    if (err < 0) {
+        av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Failed to write packed header.\n");
+        return err;
     }
 
-    u(1, vpic_field(pps_loop_filter_across_slices_enabled_flag));
-    u(1, mseq_var(deblocking_filter_control_present_flag));
-    if (mseq->deblocking_filter_control_present_flag) {
-        u(1, mseq_var(deblocking_filter_override_enabled_flag));
-        u(1, mseq_var(pps_deblocking_filter_disabled_flag));
-        if (!mseq->pps_deblocking_filter_disabled_flag) {
-            se(mseq_var(pps_beta_offset_div2));
-            se(mseq_var(pps_tc_offset_div2));
-        }
+    if (*data_len < 8 * au->data_size - au->data_bit_padding) {
+        av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Access unit too large: "
+               "%zu < %zu.\n", *data_len,
+               8 * au->data_size - au->data_bit_padding);
+        return AVERROR(ENOSPC);
     }
 
-    u(1, 0, pps_scaling_list_data_present_flag);
-    // No scaling list data.
+    memcpy(data, au->data, au->data_size);
+    *data_len = 8 * au->data_size - au->data_bit_padding;
 
-    u(1, mseq_var(lists_modification_present_flag));
-    ue(vpic_var(log2_parallel_merge_level_minus2));
-    u(1, 0, slice_segment_header_extension_present_flag);
-    u(1, 0, pps_extension_present_flag);
-
-    vaapi_encode_h265_write_rbsp_trailing_bits(pbc);
+    return 0;
 }
 
-static void vaapi_encode_h265_write_slice_header2(PutBitContext *pbc,
-                                                  VAAPIEncodeContext *ctx,
-                                                  VAAPIEncodePicture *pic,
-                                                  VAAPIEncodeSlice *slice)
+static int vaapi_encode_h265_add_nal(AVCodecContext *avctx,
+                                     CodedBitstreamFragment *au,
+                                     void *nal_unit)
 {
-    VAEncSequenceParameterBufferHEVC  *vseq = ctx->codec_sequence_params;
-    VAEncPictureParameterBufferHEVC   *vpic = pic->codec_picture_params;
-    VAEncSliceParameterBufferHEVC   *vslice = slice->codec_slice_params;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265Context            *priv = ctx->priv_data;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265MiscSequenceParams *mseq = &priv->misc_sequence_params;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265Slice            *pslice = slice->priv_data;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265MiscSliceParams  *mslice = &pslice->misc_slice_params;
-    int i;
-
-    vaapi_encode_h265_write_nal_unit_header(pbc, vpic->nal_unit_type);
-
-    u(1, mslice_var(first_slice_segment_in_pic_flag));
-    if (vpic->nal_unit_type >= HEVC_NAL_BLA_W_LP &&
-       vpic->nal_unit_type <= 23)
-        u(1, mslice_var(no_output_of_prior_pics_flag));
-
-    ue(vslice_var(slice_pic_parameter_set_id));
-
-    if (!mslice->first_slice_segment_in_pic_flag) {
-        if (vpic->pic_fields.bits.dependent_slice_segments_enabled_flag)
-            u(1, vslice_field(dependent_slice_segment_flag));
-        u(av_log2((priv->ctu_width * priv->ctu_height) - 1) + 1,
-          mslice_var(slice_segment_address));
-    }
-    if (!vslice->slice_fields.bits.dependent_slice_segment_flag) {
-        for (i = 0; i < mseq->num_extra_slice_header_bits; i++)
-            u(1, mslice_var(slice_reserved_flag[i]));
-
-        ue(vslice_var(slice_type));
-        if (mseq->output_flag_present_flag)
-            u(1, 1, pic_output_flag);
-        if (vseq->seq_fields.bits.separate_colour_plane_flag)
-            u(2, vslice_field(colour_plane_id));
-        if (vpic->nal_unit_type != HEVC_NAL_IDR_W_RADL &&
-           vpic->nal_unit_type != HEVC_NAL_IDR_N_LP) {
-            u(4 + mseq->log2_max_pic_order_cnt_lsb_minus4,
-              (pslice->pic_order_cnt &
-               ((1 << (mseq->log2_max_pic_order_cnt_lsb_minus4 + 4)) - 1)),
-              slice_pic_order_cnt_lsb);
-
-            u(1, mslice_var(short_term_ref_pic_set_sps_flag));
-            if (!mslice->short_term_ref_pic_set_sps_flag) {
-                vaapi_encode_h265_write_st_ref_pic_set(pbc, 
mseq->num_short_term_ref_pic_sets,
-                                                       
&mslice->st_ref_pic_set);
-            } else if (mseq->num_short_term_ref_pic_sets > 1) {
-                u(av_log2(mseq->num_short_term_ref_pic_sets - 1) + 1,
-                  mslice_var(short_term_ref_pic_idx));
-            }
-
-            if (mseq->long_term_ref_pics_present_flag) {
-                av_assert0(0);
-            }
-        }
-
-        if (vseq->seq_fields.bits.sps_temporal_mvp_enabled_flag) {
-            u(1, vslice_field(slice_temporal_mvp_enabled_flag));
-        }
-
-        if (vseq->seq_fields.bits.sample_adaptive_offset_enabled_flag) {
-            u(1, vslice_field(slice_sao_luma_flag));
-            if (!vseq->seq_fields.bits.separate_colour_plane_flag &&
-                vseq->seq_fields.bits.chroma_format_idc != 0) {
-                u(1, vslice_field(slice_sao_chroma_flag));
-            }
-        }
-
-        if (vslice->slice_type == HEVC_SLICE_P || vslice->slice_type == 
HEVC_SLICE_B) {
-            u(1, vslice_field(num_ref_idx_active_override_flag));
-            if (vslice->slice_fields.bits.num_ref_idx_active_override_flag) {
-                ue(vslice_var(num_ref_idx_l0_active_minus1));
-                if (vslice->slice_type == HEVC_SLICE_B) {
-                    ue(vslice_var(num_ref_idx_l1_active_minus1));
-                }
-            }
-
-            if (mseq->lists_modification_present_flag) {
-                av_assert0(0);
-                // ref_pic_lists_modification()
-            }
-            if (vslice->slice_type == HEVC_SLICE_B) {
-                u(1, vslice_field(mvd_l1_zero_flag));
-            }
-            if (mseq->cabac_init_present_flag) {
-                u(1, vslice_field(cabac_init_flag));
-            }
-            if (vslice->slice_fields.bits.slice_temporal_mvp_enabled_flag) {
-                if (vslice->slice_type == HEVC_SLICE_B)
-                    u(1, vslice_field(collocated_from_l0_flag));
-                ue(vpic->collocated_ref_pic_index, collocated_ref_idx);
-            }
-            if ((vpic->pic_fields.bits.weighted_pred_flag &&
-                 vslice->slice_type == HEVC_SLICE_P) ||
-                (vpic->pic_fields.bits.weighted_bipred_flag &&
-                 vslice->slice_type == HEVC_SLICE_B)) {
-                av_assert0(0);
-                // pred_weight_table()
-            }
-            ue(5 - vslice->max_num_merge_cand, five_minus_max_num_merge_cand);
-        }
-
-        se(vslice_var(slice_qp_delta));
-        if (mseq->pps_slice_chroma_qp_offsets_present_flag) {
-            se(vslice_var(slice_cb_qp_offset));
-            se(vslice_var(slice_cr_qp_offset));
-        }
-        if (mseq->pps_slice_chroma_offset_list_enabled_flag) {
-            u(1, 0, cu_chroma_qp_offset_enabled_flag);
-        }
-        if (mseq->deblocking_filter_override_enabled_flag) {
-            u(1, mslice_var(deblocking_filter_override_flag));
-        }
-        if (mslice->deblocking_filter_override_flag) {
-            u(1, vslice_field(slice_deblocking_filter_disabled_flag));
-            if 
(!vslice->slice_fields.bits.slice_deblocking_filter_disabled_flag) {
-                se(vslice_var(slice_beta_offset_div2));
-                se(vslice_var(slice_tc_offset_div2));
-            }
-        }
-        if (vpic->pic_fields.bits.pps_loop_filter_across_slices_enabled_flag &&
-            (vslice->slice_fields.bits.slice_sao_luma_flag ||
-             vslice->slice_fields.bits.slice_sao_chroma_flag ||
-             vslice->slice_fields.bits.slice_deblocking_filter_disabled_flag)) 
{
-            u(1, vslice_field(slice_loop_filter_across_slices_enabled_flag));
-        }
-
-        if (vpic->pic_fields.bits.tiles_enabled_flag ||
-            vpic->pic_fields.bits.entropy_coding_sync_enabled_flag) {
-            // num_entry_point_offsets
-        }
+    VAAPIEncodeContext      *ctx = avctx->priv_data;
+    VAAPIEncodeH265Context *priv = ctx->priv_data;
+    H265RawNALUnitHeader *header = nal_unit;
+    int err;
 
-        if (0) {
-            // slice_segment_header_extension_length
-        }
+    err = ff_cbs_insert_unit_content(&priv->cbc, au, -1,
+                                     header->nal_unit_type, nal_unit);
+    if (err < 0) {
+        av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Failed to add NAL unit: "
+               "type = %d.\n", header->nal_unit_type);
+        return err;
     }
 
-    u(1, 1, alignment_bit_equal_to_one);
-    while (put_bits_count(pbc) & 7)
-        u(1, 0, alignment_bit_equal_to_zero);
+    return 0;
 }
 
 static int vaapi_encode_h265_write_sequence_header(AVCodecContext *avctx,
                                                    char *data, size_t 
*data_len)
 {
-    VAAPIEncodeContext *ctx = avctx->priv_data;
-    PutBitContext pbc;
-    char tmp[256];
+    VAAPIEncodeContext      *ctx = avctx->priv_data;
+    VAAPIEncodeH265Context *priv = ctx->priv_data;
+    CodedBitstreamFragment   *au = &priv->current_access_unit;
     int err;
-    size_t nal_len, bit_len, bit_pos, next_len;
-
-    bit_len = *data_len;
-    bit_pos = 0;
 
-    init_put_bits(&pbc, tmp, sizeof(tmp));
-    vaapi_encode_h265_write_vps(&pbc, ctx);
-    nal_len = put_bits_count(&pbc);
-    flush_put_bits(&pbc);
-
-    next_len = bit_len - bit_pos;
-    err = ff_vaapi_encode_h26x_nal_unit_to_byte_stream(data + bit_pos / 8,
-                                                       &next_len,
-                                                       tmp, nal_len);
+    err = vaapi_encode_h265_add_nal(avctx, au, &priv->vps);
     if (err < 0)
-        return err;
-    bit_pos += next_len;
+        goto fail;
 
-    init_put_bits(&pbc, tmp, sizeof(tmp));
-    vaapi_encode_h265_write_sps(&pbc, ctx);
-    nal_len = put_bits_count(&pbc);
-    flush_put_bits(&pbc);
-
-    next_len = bit_len - bit_pos;
-    err = ff_vaapi_encode_h26x_nal_unit_to_byte_stream(data + bit_pos / 8,
-                                                       &next_len,
-                                                       tmp, nal_len);
+    err = vaapi_encode_h265_add_nal(avctx, au, &priv->sps);
     if (err < 0)
-        return err;
-    bit_pos += next_len;
+        goto fail;
 
-    init_put_bits(&pbc, tmp, sizeof(tmp));
-    vaapi_encode_h265_write_pps(&pbc, ctx);
-    nal_len = put_bits_count(&pbc);
-    flush_put_bits(&pbc);
-
-    next_len = bit_len - bit_pos;
-    err = ff_vaapi_encode_h26x_nal_unit_to_byte_stream(data + bit_pos / 8,
-                                                       &next_len,
-                                                       tmp, nal_len);
+    err = vaapi_encode_h265_add_nal(avctx, au, &priv->pps);
     if (err < 0)
-        return err;
-    bit_pos += next_len;
+        goto fail;
 
-    *data_len = bit_pos;
-    return 0;
+    err = vaapi_encode_h265_write_access_unit(avctx, data, data_len, au);
+fail:
+    ff_cbs_fragment_uninit(&priv->cbc, au);
+    return err;
 }
 
 static int vaapi_encode_h265_write_slice_header(AVCodecContext *avctx,
@@ -764,195 +140,377 @@ static int 
vaapi_encode_h265_write_slice_header(AVCodecContext *avctx,
                                                 VAAPIEncodeSlice *slice,
                                                 char *data, size_t *data_len)
 {
-    VAAPIEncodeContext *ctx = avctx->priv_data;
-    PutBitContext pbc;
-    char tmp[256];
-    size_t header_len;
+    VAAPIEncodeContext      *ctx = avctx->priv_data;
+    VAAPIEncodeH265Context *priv = ctx->priv_data;
+    CodedBitstreamFragment   *au = &priv->current_access_unit;
+    int err;
 
-    init_put_bits(&pbc, tmp, sizeof(tmp));
-    vaapi_encode_h265_write_slice_header2(&pbc, ctx, pic, slice);
-    header_len = put_bits_count(&pbc);
-    flush_put_bits(&pbc);
+    err = vaapi_encode_h265_add_nal(avctx, au, &priv->slice);
+    if (err < 0)
+        goto fail;
 
-    return ff_vaapi_encode_h26x_nal_unit_to_byte_stream(data, data_len,
-                                                        tmp, header_len);
+    err = vaapi_encode_h265_write_access_unit(avctx, data, data_len, au);
+fail:
+    ff_cbs_fragment_uninit(&priv->cbc, au);
+    return err;
 }
 
 static int vaapi_encode_h265_init_sequence_params(AVCodecContext *avctx)
 {
-    VAAPIEncodeContext                 *ctx = avctx->priv_data;
-    VAEncSequenceParameterBufferHEVC  *vseq = ctx->codec_sequence_params;
-    VAEncPictureParameterBufferHEVC   *vpic = ctx->codec_picture_params;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265Context            *priv = ctx->priv_data;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265MiscSequenceParams *mseq = &priv->misc_sequence_params;
+    VAAPIEncodeContext                *ctx = avctx->priv_data;
+    VAAPIEncodeH265Context           *priv = ctx->priv_data;
+    H265RawVPS                        *vps = &priv->vps;
+    H265RawSPS                        *sps = &priv->sps;
+    H265RawPPS                        *pps = &priv->pps;
+    H265RawVUI                        *vui = &sps->vui;
+    VAEncSequenceParameterBufferHEVC *vseq = ctx->codec_sequence_params;
+    VAEncPictureParameterBufferHEVC  *vpic = ctx->codec_picture_params;
     int i;
 
-    {
-        // general_profile_space == 0.
-        vseq->general_profile_idc = 1; // Main profile (ctx->codec_profile?)
-        vseq->general_tier_flag = 0;
-
-        vseq->general_level_idc = avctx->level * 3;
-
-        vseq->intra_period = 0;
-        vseq->intra_idr_period = 0;
-        vseq->ip_period = 0;
-
-        vseq->pic_width_in_luma_samples  = ctx->surface_width;
-        vseq->pic_height_in_luma_samples = ctx->surface_height;
-
-        vseq->seq_fields.bits.chroma_format_idc = 1; // 4:2:0.
-        vseq->seq_fields.bits.separate_colour_plane_flag = 0;
-        vseq->seq_fields.bits.bit_depth_luma_minus8 =
-            avctx->profile == FF_PROFILE_HEVC_MAIN_10 ? 2 : 0;
-        vseq->seq_fields.bits.bit_depth_chroma_minus8 =
-            avctx->profile == FF_PROFILE_HEVC_MAIN_10 ? 2 : 0;
-        // Other misc flags all zero.
-
-        // These have to come from the capabilities of the encoder.  We have
-        // no way to query it, so just hardcode ones which worked for me...
-        // CTB size from 8x8 to 32x32.
-        vseq->log2_min_luma_coding_block_size_minus3 = 0;
-        vseq->log2_diff_max_min_luma_coding_block_size = 2;
-        // Transform size from 4x4 to 32x32.
-        vseq->log2_min_transform_block_size_minus2 = 0;
-        vseq->log2_diff_max_min_transform_block_size = 3;
-        // Full transform hierarchy allowed (2-5).
-        vseq->max_transform_hierarchy_depth_inter = 3;
-        vseq->max_transform_hierarchy_depth_intra = 3;
-
-        vseq->vui_parameters_present_flag = 0;
-
-        vseq->bits_per_second = avctx->bit_rate;
-        if (avctx->framerate.num > 0 && avctx->framerate.den > 0) {
-            vseq->vui_num_units_in_tick = avctx->framerate.den;
-            vseq->vui_time_scale        = avctx->framerate.num;
-        } else {
-            vseq->vui_num_units_in_tick = avctx->time_base.num;
-            vseq->vui_time_scale        = avctx->time_base.den;
-        }
+    memset(&priv->current_access_unit, 0,
+           sizeof(priv->current_access_unit));
 
-        vseq->intra_period     = avctx->gop_size;
-        vseq->intra_idr_period = avctx->gop_size;
-        vseq->ip_period        = ctx->b_per_p + 1;
-    }
+    memset(vps, 0, sizeof(*vps));
+    memset(sps, 0, sizeof(*sps));
+    memset(pps, 0, sizeof(*pps));
 
-    {
-        vpic->decoded_curr_pic.picture_id = VA_INVALID_ID;
-        vpic->decoded_curr_pic.flags      = VA_PICTURE_HEVC_INVALID;
 
-        for (i = 0; i < FF_ARRAY_ELEMS(vpic->reference_frames); i++) {
-            vpic->reference_frames[i].picture_id = VA_INVALID_ID;
-            vpic->reference_frames[i].flags      = VA_PICTURE_HEVC_INVALID;
-        }
+    // VPS
 
-        vpic->collocated_ref_pic_index = 0xff;
+    vps->nal_unit_header = (H265RawNALUnitHeader) {
+        .nal_unit_type         = HEVC_NAL_VPS,
+        .nuh_layer_id          = 0,
+        .nuh_temporal_id_plus1 = 1,
+    };
 
-        vpic->last_picture = 0;
+    vps->vps_video_parameter_set_id = 0;
 
-        vpic->pic_init_qp = priv->fixed_qp_idr;
+    vps->vps_base_layer_internal_flag  = 1;
+    vps->vps_base_layer_available_flag = 1;
+    vps->vps_max_layers_minus1         = 0;
+    vps->vps_max_sub_layers_minus1     = 0;
+    vps->vps_temporal_id_nesting_flag  = 1;
 
-        vpic->diff_cu_qp_delta_depth = 0;
-        vpic->pps_cb_qp_offset = 0;
-        vpic->pps_cr_qp_offset = 0;
+    vps->profile_tier_level = (H265RawProfileTierLevel) {
+        .general_profile_space = 0,
+        .general_profile_idc   = avctx->profile,
+        .general_tier_flag     = 0,
 
-        // tiles_enabled_flag == 0, so ignore num_tile_(rows|columns)_minus1.
+        .general_progressive_source_flag    = 1,
+        .general_interlaced_source_flag     = 0,
+        .general_non_packed_constraint_flag = 1,
+        .general_frame_only_constraint_flag = 1,
 
-        vpic->log2_parallel_merge_level_minus2 = 0;
+        .general_level_idc     = avctx->level,
+    };
+    vps->profile_tier_level.general_profile_compatibility_flag[avctx->profile 
& 31] = 1;
 
-        // No limit on size.
-        vpic->ctu_max_bitsize_allowed = 0;
+    vps->vps_sub_layer_ordering_info_present_flag = 0;
+    vps->vps_max_dec_pic_buffering_minus1[0]      = (ctx->b_per_p > 0) + 1;
+    vps->vps_max_num_reorder_pics[0]              = (ctx->b_per_p > 0);
+    vps->vps_max_latency_increase_plus1[0]        = 0;
 
-        vpic->num_ref_idx_l0_default_active_minus1 = 0;
-        vpic->num_ref_idx_l1_default_active_minus1 = 0;
+    vps->vps_max_layer_id             = 0;
+    vps->vps_num_layer_sets_minus1    = 0;
+    vps->layer_id_included_flag[0][0] = 1;
 
-        vpic->slice_pic_parameter_set_id = 0;
+    vps->vps_timing_info_present_flag = 1;
+    if (avctx->framerate.num > 0 && avctx->framerate.den > 0) {
+        vps->vps_num_units_in_tick  = avctx->framerate.den;
+        vps->vps_time_scale         = avctx->framerate.num;
+        vps->vps_poc_proportional_to_timing_flag = 1;
+        vps->vps_num_ticks_poc_diff_one_minus1   = 0;
+    } else {
+        vps->vps_num_units_in_tick  = avctx->time_base.num;
+        vps->vps_time_scale         = avctx->time_base.den;
+        vps->vps_poc_proportional_to_timing_flag = 0;
+    }
+    vps->vps_num_hrd_parameters = 0;
 
-        vpic->pic_fields.bits.screen_content_flag = 0;
-        vpic->pic_fields.bits.enable_gpu_weighted_prediction = 0;
 
-        // Per-CU QP changes are required for non-constant-QP modes.
-        vpic->pic_fields.bits.cu_qp_delta_enabled_flag =
-            ctx->va_rc_mode != VA_RC_CQP;
-    }
+    // SPS
 
-    {
-        mseq->video_parameter_set_id = 5;
-        mseq->seq_parameter_set_id = 5;
+    sps->nal_unit_header = (H265RawNALUnitHeader) {
+        .nal_unit_type         = HEVC_NAL_SPS,
+        .nuh_layer_id          = 0,
+        .nuh_temporal_id_plus1 = 1,
+    };
 
-        mseq->vps_max_layers_minus1 = 0;
-        mseq->vps_max_sub_layers_minus1 = 0;
-        mseq->vps_temporal_id_nesting_flag = 1;
-        mseq->sps_max_sub_layers_minus1 = 0;
-        mseq->sps_temporal_id_nesting_flag = 1;
+    sps->sps_video_parameter_set_id = vps->vps_video_parameter_set_id;
 
-        for (i = 0; i < 32; i++) {
-            mseq->general_profile_compatibility_flag[i] =
-                (i == vseq->general_profile_idc);
-        }
+    sps->sps_max_sub_layers_minus1    = vps->vps_max_sub_layers_minus1;
+    sps->sps_temporal_id_nesting_flag = vps->vps_temporal_id_nesting_flag;
 
-        mseq->general_progressive_source_flag    = 1;
-        mseq->general_interlaced_source_flag     = 0;
-        mseq->general_non_packed_constraint_flag = 0;
-        mseq->general_frame_only_constraint_flag = 1;
-        mseq->general_inbld_flag = 0;
-
-        mseq->log2_max_pic_order_cnt_lsb_minus4 = 8;
-        mseq->vps_sub_layer_ordering_info_present_flag = 0;
-        mseq->vps_max_dec_pic_buffering_minus1[0] = (avctx->max_b_frames > 0) 
+ 1;
-        mseq->vps_max_num_reorder_pics[0]         = (avctx->max_b_frames > 0);
-        mseq->vps_max_latency_increase_plus1[0]   = 0;
-        mseq->sps_sub_layer_ordering_info_present_flag = 0;
-        mseq->sps_max_dec_pic_buffering_minus1[0] = (avctx->max_b_frames > 0) 
+ 1;
-        mseq->sps_max_num_reorder_pics[0]         = (avctx->max_b_frames > 0);
-        mseq->sps_max_latency_increase_plus1[0]   = 0;
-
-        mseq->vps_timing_info_present_flag = 1;
-        mseq->vps_num_units_in_tick = avctx->time_base.num;
-        mseq->vps_time_scale        = avctx->time_base.den;
-        mseq->vps_poc_proportional_to_timing_flag = 1;
-        mseq->vps_num_ticks_poc_diff_minus1 = 0;
-
-        if (avctx->width  != ctx->surface_width ||
-            avctx->height != ctx->surface_height) {
-            mseq->conformance_window_flag = 1;
-            mseq->conf_win_left_offset   = 0;
-            mseq->conf_win_right_offset  =
-                (ctx->surface_width - avctx->width) / 2;
-            mseq->conf_win_top_offset    = 0;
-            mseq->conf_win_bottom_offset =
-                (ctx->surface_height - avctx->height) / 2;
-        } else {
-            mseq->conformance_window_flag = 0;
-        }
+    sps->profile_tier_level = vps->profile_tier_level;
 
-        mseq->num_short_term_ref_pic_sets = 0;
-        // STRPSs should ideally be here rather than repeated in each slice.
+    sps->sps_seq_parameter_set_id = 0;
 
-        mseq->vui_parameters_present_flag = 1;
-        if (avctx->sample_aspect_ratio.num != 0) {
-            mseq->aspect_ratio_info_present_flag = 1;
-            if (avctx->sample_aspect_ratio.num ==
-                avctx->sample_aspect_ratio.den) {
-                mseq->aspect_ratio_idc = 1;
-            } else {
-                mseq->aspect_ratio_idc = 255; // Extended SAR.
-                mseq->sar_width  = avctx->sample_aspect_ratio.num;
-                mseq->sar_height = avctx->sample_aspect_ratio.den;
+    sps->chroma_format_idc          = 1; // YUV 4:2:0.
+    sps->separate_colour_plane_flag = 0;
+
+    sps->pic_width_in_luma_samples  = ctx->surface_width;
+    sps->pic_height_in_luma_samples = ctx->surface_height;
+
+    if (avctx->width  != ctx->surface_width ||
+        avctx->height != ctx->surface_height) {
+        sps->conformance_window_flag = 1;
+        sps->conf_win_left_offset   = 0;
+        sps->conf_win_right_offset  =
+            (ctx->surface_width - avctx->width) / 2;
+        sps->conf_win_top_offset    = 0;
+        sps->conf_win_bottom_offset =
+            (ctx->surface_height - avctx->height) / 2;
+    } else {
+        sps->conformance_window_flag = 0;
+    }
+
+    sps->bit_depth_luma_minus8 =
+        avctx->profile == FF_PROFILE_HEVC_MAIN_10 ? 2 : 0;
+    sps->bit_depth_chroma_minus8 = sps->bit_depth_luma_minus8;
+
+    sps->log2_max_pic_order_cnt_lsb_minus4 = 8;
+
+    sps->sps_sub_layer_ordering_info_present_flag =
+        vps->vps_sub_layer_ordering_info_present_flag;
+    for (i = 0; i <= sps->sps_max_sub_layers_minus1; i++) {
+        sps->sps_max_dec_pic_buffering_minus1[i] =
+            vps->vps_max_dec_pic_buffering_minus1[i];
+        sps->sps_max_num_reorder_pics[i] =
+            vps->vps_max_num_reorder_pics[i];
+        sps->sps_max_latency_increase_plus1[i] =
+            vps->vps_max_latency_increase_plus1[i];
+    }
+
+    // These have to come from the capabilities of the encoder.  We have no
+    // way to query them, so just hardcode parameters which work on the Intel
+    // driver.
+    // CTB size from 8x8 to 32x32.
+    sps->log2_min_luma_coding_block_size_minus3   = 0;
+    sps->log2_diff_max_min_luma_coding_block_size = 2;
+    // Transform size from 4x4 to 32x32.
+    sps->log2_min_luma_transform_block_size_minus2   = 0;
+    sps->log2_diff_max_min_luma_transform_block_size = 3;
+    // Full transform hierarchy allowed (2-5).
+    sps->max_transform_hierarchy_depth_inter = 3;
+    sps->max_transform_hierarchy_depth_intra = 3;
+    // AMP works.
+    sps->amp_enabled_flag = 1;
+    // SAO and temporal MVP do not work.
+    sps->sample_adaptive_offset_enabled_flag = 0;
+    sps->sps_temporal_mvp_enabled_flag       = 0;
+
+    sps->pcm_enabled_flag = 0;
+
+    // STRPSs should ideally be here rather than defined individually in
+    // each slice, but the structure isn't completely fixed so for now
+    // don't bother.
+    sps->num_short_term_ref_pic_sets     = 0;
+    sps->long_term_ref_pics_present_flag = 0;
+
+    sps->vui_parameters_present_flag = 1;
+
+    if (avctx->sample_aspect_ratio.num != 0 &&
+        avctx->sample_aspect_ratio.den != 0) {
+        static const AVRational sar_idc[] = {
+            {   0,  0 },
+            {   1,  1 }, {  12, 11 }, {  10, 11 }, {  16, 11 },
+            {  40, 33 }, {  24, 11 }, {  20, 11 }, {  32, 11 },
+            {  80, 33 }, {  18, 11 }, {  15, 11 }, {  64, 33 },
+            { 160, 99 }, {   4,  3 }, {   3,  2 }, {   2,  1 },
+        };
+        int i;
+        for (i = 0; i < FF_ARRAY_ELEMS(sar_idc); i++) {
+            if (avctx->sample_aspect_ratio.num == sar_idc[i].num &&
+                avctx->sample_aspect_ratio.den == sar_idc[i].den) {
+                vui->aspect_ratio_idc = i;
+                break;
             }
         }
-        if (1) {
-            // Should this be conditional on some of these being set?
-            mseq->video_signal_type_present_flag = 1;
-            mseq->video_format = 5; // Unspecified.
-            mseq->video_full_range_flag = 0;
-            mseq->colour_description_present_flag = 1;
-            mseq->colour_primaries = avctx->color_primaries;
-            mseq->transfer_characteristics = avctx->color_trc;
-            mseq->matrix_coeffs = avctx->colorspace;
+        if (i >= FF_ARRAY_ELEMS(sar_idc)) {
+            vui->aspect_ratio_idc = 255;
+            vui->sar_width  = avctx->sample_aspect_ratio.num;
+            vui->sar_height = avctx->sample_aspect_ratio.den;
+        }
+        vui->aspect_ratio_info_present_flag = 1;
+    }
+
+    if (avctx->color_range     != AVCOL_RANGE_UNSPECIFIED ||
+        avctx->color_primaries != AVCOL_PRI_UNSPECIFIED ||
+        avctx->color_trc       != AVCOL_TRC_UNSPECIFIED ||
+        avctx->colorspace      != AVCOL_SPC_UNSPECIFIED) {
+        vui->video_signal_type_present_flag = 1;
+        vui->video_format      = 5; // Unspecified.
+        vui->video_full_range_flag =
+            avctx->color_range == AVCOL_RANGE_JPEG;
+
+        if (avctx->color_primaries != AVCOL_PRI_UNSPECIFIED ||
+            avctx->color_trc       != AVCOL_TRC_UNSPECIFIED ||
+            avctx->colorspace      != AVCOL_SPC_UNSPECIFIED) {
+            vui->colour_description_present_flag = 1;
+            vui->colour_primaries         = avctx->color_primaries;
+            vui->transfer_characteristics = avctx->color_trc;
+            vui->matrix_coefficients      = avctx->colorspace;
         }
+    } else {
+        vui->video_format             = 5;
+        vui->video_full_range_flag    = 0;
+        vui->colour_primaries         = avctx->color_primaries;
+        vui->transfer_characteristics = avctx->color_trc;
+        vui->matrix_coefficients      = avctx->colorspace;
+    }
+
+    if (avctx->chroma_sample_location != AVCHROMA_LOC_UNSPECIFIED) {
+        vui->chroma_loc_info_present_flag = 1;
+        vui->chroma_sample_loc_type_top_field    =
+        vui->chroma_sample_loc_type_bottom_field =
+            avctx->chroma_sample_location - 1;
     }
 
+    vui->vui_timing_info_present_flag        = 1;
+    vui->vui_num_units_in_tick               = vps->vps_num_units_in_tick;
+    vui->vui_time_scale                      = vps->vps_time_scale;
+    vui->vui_poc_proportional_to_timing_flag = 
vps->vps_poc_proportional_to_timing_flag;
+    vui->vui_num_ticks_poc_diff_one_minus1   = 
vps->vps_num_ticks_poc_diff_one_minus1;
+    vui->vui_hrd_parameters_present_flag     = 0;
+
+    vui->bitstream_restriction_flag    = 1;
+    vui->motion_vectors_over_pic_boundaries_flag = 1;
+    vui->restricted_ref_pic_lists_flag = 1;
+    vui->max_bytes_per_pic_denom       = 0;
+    vui->max_bits_per_min_cu_denom     = 0;
+    vui->log2_max_mv_length_horizontal = 15;
+    vui->log2_max_mv_length_vertical   = 15;
+
+
+    // PPS
+
+    pps->nal_unit_header = (H265RawNALUnitHeader) {
+        .nal_unit_type         = HEVC_NAL_PPS,
+        .nuh_layer_id          = 0,
+        .nuh_temporal_id_plus1 = 1,
+    };
+
+    pps->pps_pic_parameter_set_id = 0;
+    pps->pps_seq_parameter_set_id = sps->sps_seq_parameter_set_id;
+
+    pps->num_ref_idx_l0_default_active_minus1 = 0;
+    pps->num_ref_idx_l1_default_active_minus1 = 0;
+
+    pps->init_qp_minus26 = priv->fixed_qp_idr - 26;
+
+    pps->cu_qp_delta_enabled_flag = (ctx->va_rc_mode != VA_RC_CQP);
+    pps->diff_cu_qp_delta_depth   = 0;
+
+    pps->pps_loop_filter_across_slices_enabled_flag = 1;
+
+
+    // Fill VAAPI parameter buffers.
+
+    *vseq = (VAEncSequenceParameterBufferHEVC) {
+        .general_profile_idc = vps->profile_tier_level.general_profile_idc,
+        .general_level_idc   = vps->profile_tier_level.general_level_idc,
+        .general_tier_flag   = vps->profile_tier_level.general_tier_flag,
+
+        .intra_period     = avctx->gop_size,
+        .intra_idr_period = avctx->gop_size,
+        .ip_period        = ctx->b_per_p + 1,
+        .bits_per_second   = avctx->bit_rate,
+
+        .pic_width_in_luma_samples  = sps->pic_width_in_luma_samples,
+        .pic_height_in_luma_samples = sps->pic_height_in_luma_samples,
+
+        .seq_fields.bits = {
+            .chroma_format_idc             = sps->chroma_format_idc,
+            .separate_colour_plane_flag    = sps->separate_colour_plane_flag,
+            .bit_depth_luma_minus8         = sps->bit_depth_luma_minus8,
+            .bit_depth_chroma_minus8       = sps->bit_depth_chroma_minus8,
+            .scaling_list_enabled_flag     = sps->scaling_list_enabled_flag,
+            .strong_intra_smoothing_enabled_flag =
+                sps->strong_intra_smoothing_enabled_flag,
+            .amp_enabled_flag              = sps->amp_enabled_flag,
+            .sample_adaptive_offset_enabled_flag =
+                sps->sample_adaptive_offset_enabled_flag,
+            .pcm_enabled_flag              = sps->pcm_enabled_flag,
+            .pcm_loop_filter_disabled_flag = 
sps->pcm_loop_filter_disabled_flag,
+            .sps_temporal_mvp_enabled_flag = 
sps->sps_temporal_mvp_enabled_flag,
+        },
+
+        .log2_min_luma_coding_block_size_minus3 =
+            sps->log2_min_luma_coding_block_size_minus3,
+        .log2_diff_max_min_luma_coding_block_size =
+            sps->log2_diff_max_min_luma_coding_block_size,
+        .log2_min_transform_block_size_minus2 =
+            sps->log2_min_luma_transform_block_size_minus2,
+        .log2_diff_max_min_transform_block_size =
+            sps->log2_diff_max_min_luma_transform_block_size,
+        .max_transform_hierarchy_depth_inter =
+            sps->max_transform_hierarchy_depth_inter,
+        .max_transform_hierarchy_depth_intra =
+            sps->max_transform_hierarchy_depth_intra,
+
+        .pcm_sample_bit_depth_luma_minus1 =
+            sps->pcm_sample_bit_depth_luma_minus1,
+        .pcm_sample_bit_depth_chroma_minus1 =
+            sps->pcm_sample_bit_depth_chroma_minus1,
+        .log2_min_pcm_luma_coding_block_size_minus3 =
+            sps->log2_min_pcm_luma_coding_block_size_minus3,
+        .log2_max_pcm_luma_coding_block_size_minus3 =
+            sps->log2_min_pcm_luma_coding_block_size_minus3 +
+            sps->log2_diff_max_min_pcm_luma_coding_block_size,
+
+        .vui_parameters_present_flag = 0,
+    };
+
+    *vpic = (VAEncPictureParameterBufferHEVC) {
+        .decoded_curr_pic = {
+            .picture_id = VA_INVALID_ID,
+            .flags      = VA_PICTURE_HEVC_INVALID,
+        },
+
+        .coded_buf = VA_INVALID_ID,
+
+        .collocated_ref_pic_index = 0xff,
+
+        .last_picture = 0,
+
+        .pic_init_qp            = pps->init_qp_minus26 + 26,
+        .diff_cu_qp_delta_depth = pps->diff_cu_qp_delta_depth,
+        .pps_cb_qp_offset       = pps->pps_cb_qp_offset,
+        .pps_cr_qp_offset       = pps->pps_cr_qp_offset,
+
+        .num_tile_columns_minus1 = pps->num_tile_columns_minus1,
+        .num_tile_rows_minus1    = pps->num_tile_rows_minus1,
+
+        .log2_parallel_merge_level_minus2 = 
pps->log2_parallel_merge_level_minus2,
+        .ctu_max_bitsize_allowed          = 0,
+
+        .num_ref_idx_l0_default_active_minus1 =
+            pps->num_ref_idx_l0_default_active_minus1,
+        .num_ref_idx_l1_default_active_minus1 =
+            pps->num_ref_idx_l1_default_active_minus1,
+
+        .slice_pic_parameter_set_id = pps->pps_pic_parameter_set_id,
+
+        .pic_fields.bits = {
+            .sign_data_hiding_enabled_flag  = 
pps->sign_data_hiding_enabled_flag,
+            .constrained_intra_pred_flag    = pps->constrained_intra_pred_flag,
+            .transform_skip_enabled_flag    = pps->transform_skip_enabled_flag,
+            .cu_qp_delta_enabled_flag       = pps->cu_qp_delta_enabled_flag,
+            .weighted_pred_flag             = pps->weighted_pred_flag,
+            .weighted_bipred_flag           = pps->weighted_bipred_flag,
+            .transquant_bypass_enabled_flag = 
pps->transquant_bypass_enabled_flag,
+            .tiles_enabled_flag             = pps->tiles_enabled_flag,
+            .entropy_coding_sync_enabled_flag = 
pps->entropy_coding_sync_enabled_flag,
+            .loop_filter_across_tiles_enabled_flag =
+                pps->loop_filter_across_tiles_enabled_flag,
+            .scaling_list_data_present_flag = 
(sps->sps_scaling_list_data_present_flag |
+                                               
pps->pps_scaling_list_data_present_flag),
+            .screen_content_flag            = 0,
+            .enable_gpu_weighted_prediction = 0,
+            .no_output_of_prior_pics_flag   = 0,
+        },
+    };
+
     return 0;
 }
 
@@ -960,65 +518,87 @@ static int 
vaapi_encode_h265_init_picture_params(AVCodecContext *avctx,
                                                  VAAPIEncodePicture *pic)
 {
     VAAPIEncodeContext               *ctx = avctx->priv_data;
-    VAEncPictureParameterBufferHEVC *vpic = pic->codec_picture_params;
     VAAPIEncodeH265Context          *priv = ctx->priv_data;
+    VAEncPictureParameterBufferHEVC *vpic = pic->codec_picture_params;
     int i;
 
     if (pic->type == PICTURE_TYPE_IDR) {
         av_assert0(pic->display_order == pic->encode_order);
+
         priv->last_idr_frame = pic->display_order;
+
+        priv->slice_nal_unit = HEVC_NAL_IDR_W_RADL;
+        priv->slice_type     = HEVC_SLICE_I;
     } else {
         av_assert0(pic->encode_order > priv->last_idr_frame);
-        // Display order need not be if we have RA[SD]L pictures, though.
+
+        if (pic->type == PICTURE_TYPE_I) {
+            priv->slice_nal_unit = HEVC_NAL_CRA_NUT;
+            priv->slice_type     = HEVC_SLICE_I;
+        } else if (pic->type == PICTURE_TYPE_P) {
+            av_assert0(pic->refs[0]);
+            priv->slice_nal_unit = HEVC_NAL_TRAIL_R;
+            priv->slice_type     = HEVC_SLICE_P;
+        } else {
+            av_assert0(pic->refs[0] && pic->refs[1]);
+            if (pic->refs[1]->type == PICTURE_TYPE_I)
+                priv->slice_nal_unit = HEVC_NAL_RASL_N;
+            else
+                priv->slice_nal_unit = HEVC_NAL_TRAIL_N;
+            priv->slice_type = HEVC_SLICE_B;
+        }
     }
+    priv->pic_order_cnt = pic->display_order - priv->last_idr_frame;
 
-    vpic->decoded_curr_pic.picture_id    = pic->recon_surface;
-    vpic->decoded_curr_pic.pic_order_cnt =
-        pic->display_order - priv->last_idr_frame;
-    vpic->decoded_curr_pic.flags         = 0;
+    vpic->decoded_curr_pic = (VAPictureHEVC) {
+        .picture_id    = pic->recon_surface,
+        .pic_order_cnt = priv->pic_order_cnt,
+        .flags         = 0,
+    };
 
     for (i = 0; i < pic->nb_refs; i++) {
         VAAPIEncodePicture *ref = pic->refs[i];
-        av_assert0(ref);
-        vpic->reference_frames[i].picture_id    = ref->recon_surface;
-        vpic->reference_frames[i].pic_order_cnt =
-            ref->display_order - priv->last_idr_frame;
-        vpic->reference_frames[i].flags =
-            (ref->display_order < pic->display_order ?
-             VA_PICTURE_HEVC_RPS_ST_CURR_BEFORE : 0) |
-            (ref->display_order > pic->display_order ?
-             VA_PICTURE_HEVC_RPS_ST_CURR_AFTER  : 0);
+        av_assert0(ref && ref->encode_order < pic->encode_order);
+
+        vpic->reference_frames[i] = (VAPictureHEVC) {
+            .picture_id    = ref->recon_surface,
+            .pic_order_cnt = ref->display_order - priv->last_idr_frame,
+            .flags = (ref->display_order < pic->display_order ?
+                      VA_PICTURE_HEVC_RPS_ST_CURR_BEFORE : 0) |
+                     (ref->display_order > pic->display_order ?
+                      VA_PICTURE_HEVC_RPS_ST_CURR_AFTER  : 0),
+        };
     }
     for (; i < FF_ARRAY_ELEMS(vpic->reference_frames); i++) {
-        vpic->reference_frames[i].picture_id = VA_INVALID_ID;
-        vpic->reference_frames[i].flags      = VA_PICTURE_HEVC_INVALID;
+        vpic->reference_frames[i] = (VAPictureHEVC) {
+            .picture_id = VA_INVALID_ID,
+            .flags      = VA_PICTURE_HEVC_INVALID,
+        };
     }
 
     vpic->coded_buf = pic->output_buffer;
 
+    vpic->nal_unit_type = priv->slice_nal_unit;
+
     switch (pic->type) {
     case PICTURE_TYPE_IDR:
-        vpic->nal_unit_type = HEVC_NAL_IDR_W_RADL;
-        vpic->pic_fields.bits.idr_pic_flag = 1;
-        vpic->pic_fields.bits.coding_type  = 1;
+        vpic->pic_fields.bits.idr_pic_flag       = 1;
+        vpic->pic_fields.bits.coding_type        = 1;
         vpic->pic_fields.bits.reference_pic_flag = 1;
         break;
     case PICTURE_TYPE_I:
-        vpic->nal_unit_type = HEVC_NAL_TRAIL_R;
-        vpic->pic_fields.bits.idr_pic_flag = 0;
-        vpic->pic_fields.bits.coding_type  = 1;
+        vpic->pic_fields.bits.idr_pic_flag       = 0;
+        vpic->pic_fields.bits.coding_type        = 1;
         vpic->pic_fields.bits.reference_pic_flag = 1;
         break;
     case PICTURE_TYPE_P:
-        vpic->nal_unit_type = HEVC_NAL_TRAIL_R;
-        vpic->pic_fields.bits.idr_pic_flag = 0;
-        vpic->pic_fields.bits.coding_type  = 2;
+        vpic->pic_fields.bits.idr_pic_flag       = 0;
+        vpic->pic_fields.bits.coding_type        = 2;
         vpic->pic_fields.bits.reference_pic_flag = 1;
         break;
     case PICTURE_TYPE_B:
-        vpic->nal_unit_type = HEVC_NAL_TRAIL_R;
-        vpic->pic_fields.bits.idr_pic_flag = 0;
-        vpic->pic_fields.bits.coding_type  = 3;
+        vpic->pic_fields.bits.idr_pic_flag       = 0;
+        vpic->pic_fields.bits.coding_type        = 3;
         vpic->pic_fields.bits.reference_pic_flag = 0;
         break;
     default:
@@ -1035,90 +615,40 @@ static int 
vaapi_encode_h265_init_slice_params(AVCodecContext *avctx,
                                                VAAPIEncodeSlice *slice)
 {
     VAAPIEncodeContext                *ctx = avctx->priv_data;
+    VAAPIEncodeH265Context           *priv = ctx->priv_data;
+    const H265RawSPS                  *sps = &priv->sps;
+    const H265RawPPS                  *pps = &priv->pps;
+    H265RawSliceHeader                 *sh = &priv->slice.header;
     VAEncPictureParameterBufferHEVC  *vpic = pic->codec_picture_params;
     VAEncSliceParameterBufferHEVC  *vslice = slice->codec_slice_params;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265Context           *priv = ctx->priv_data;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265Slice           *pslice;
-    VAAPIEncodeH265MiscSliceParams *mslice;
     int i;
 
-    slice->priv_data = av_mallocz(sizeof(*pslice));
-    if (!slice->priv_data)
-        return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
-    pslice = slice->priv_data;
-    mslice = &pslice->misc_slice_params;
-
-    // Currently we only support one slice per frame.
-    vslice->slice_segment_address = 0;
-    vslice->num_ctu_in_slice = priv->ctu_width * priv->ctu_height;
-
-    switch (pic->type) {
-    case PICTURE_TYPE_IDR:
-    case PICTURE_TYPE_I:
-        vslice->slice_type = HEVC_SLICE_I;
-        break;
-    case PICTURE_TYPE_P:
-        vslice->slice_type = HEVC_SLICE_P;
-        break;
-    case PICTURE_TYPE_B:
-        vslice->slice_type = HEVC_SLICE_B;
-        break;
-    default:
-        av_assert0(0 && "invalid picture type");
-    }
-
-    vslice->slice_pic_parameter_set_id = vpic->slice_pic_parameter_set_id;
-
-    pslice->pic_order_cnt = pic->display_order - priv->last_idr_frame;
-
-    for (i = 0; i < FF_ARRAY_ELEMS(vslice->ref_pic_list0); i++) {
-        vslice->ref_pic_list0[i].picture_id = VA_INVALID_ID;
-        vslice->ref_pic_list0[i].flags      = VA_PICTURE_HEVC_INVALID;
-        vslice->ref_pic_list1[i].picture_id = VA_INVALID_ID;
-        vslice->ref_pic_list1[i].flags      = VA_PICTURE_HEVC_INVALID;
-    }
-
-    av_assert0(pic->nb_refs <= 2);
-    if (pic->nb_refs >= 1) {
-        // Backward reference for P- or B-frame.
-        av_assert0(pic->type == PICTURE_TYPE_P ||
-                   pic->type == PICTURE_TYPE_B);
-
-        vslice->num_ref_idx_l0_active_minus1 = 0;
-        vslice->ref_pic_list0[0] = vpic->reference_frames[0];
-    }
-    if (pic->nb_refs >= 2) {
-        // Forward reference for B-frame.
-        av_assert0(pic->type == PICTURE_TYPE_B);
-
-        vslice->num_ref_idx_l1_active_minus1 = 0;
-        vslice->ref_pic_list1[0] = vpic->reference_frames[1];
-    }
+    sh->nal_unit_header = (H265RawNALUnitHeader) {
+        .nal_unit_type         = priv->slice_nal_unit,
+        .nuh_layer_id          = 0,
+        .nuh_temporal_id_plus1 = 1,
+    };
 
-    vslice->max_num_merge_cand = 5;
+    sh->slice_pic_parameter_set_id      = pps->pps_pic_parameter_set_id;
 
-    if (pic->type == PICTURE_TYPE_B)
-        vslice->slice_qp_delta = priv->fixed_qp_b  - vpic->pic_init_qp;
-    else if (pic->type == PICTURE_TYPE_P)
-        vslice->slice_qp_delta = priv->fixed_qp_p - vpic->pic_init_qp;
-    else
-        vslice->slice_qp_delta = priv->fixed_qp_idr - vpic->pic_init_qp;
+    // Currently we only support one slice per frame.
+    sh->first_slice_segment_in_pic_flag = 1;
+    sh->slice_segment_address           = 0;
 
-    vslice->slice_fields.bits.last_slice_of_pic_flag = 1;
+    sh->slice_type = priv->slice_type;
 
-    mslice->first_slice_segment_in_pic_flag = 1;
+    sh->slice_pic_order_cnt_lsb = priv->pic_order_cnt &
+        (1 << (sps->log2_max_pic_order_cnt_lsb_minus4 + 4)) - 1;
 
-    if (pic->type == PICTURE_TYPE_IDR) {
-        // No reference pictures.
-    } else if (0) {
-        mslice->short_term_ref_pic_set_sps_flag = 1;
-        mslice->short_term_ref_pic_idx = 0;
-    } else {
+    if (pic->type != PICTURE_TYPE_IDR) {
+        H265RawSTRefPicSet *rps;
         VAAPIEncodePicture *st;
         int used;
 
-        mslice->short_term_ref_pic_set_sps_flag = 0;
-        mslice->st_ref_pic_set.inter_ref_pic_set_prediction_flag = 0;
+        sh->short_term_ref_pic_set_sps_flag = 0;
+
+        rps = &sh->short_term_ref_pic_set;
+        memset(rps, 0, sizeof(*rps));
 
         for (st = ctx->pic_start; st; st = st->next) {
             if (st->encode_order >= pic->encode_order) {
@@ -1131,28 +661,111 @@ static int 
vaapi_encode_h265_init_slice_params(AVCodecContext *avctx,
                     used = 1;
             }
             if (!used) {
-                // Currently true, but need not be.
-                continue;
+                // Usually each picture always uses all of the others in the
+                // DPB as references.  The one case we have to treat here is
+                // a non-IDR IRAP picture, which may need to hold unused
+                // references across itself to be used for the decoding of
+                // following RASL pictures.  This looks for such an RASL
+                // picture, and keeps the reference if there is one.
+                VAAPIEncodePicture *rp;
+                for (rp = ctx->pic_start; rp; rp = rp->next) {
+                    if (rp->encode_order < pic->encode_order)
+                        continue;
+                    if (rp->type != PICTURE_TYPE_B)
+                        continue;
+                    if (rp->refs[0] == st && rp->refs[1] == pic)
+                        break;
+                }
+                if (!rp)
+                    continue;
             }
             // This only works for one instance of each (delta_poc_sN_minus1
             // is relative to the previous frame in the list, not relative to
             // the current frame directly).
             if (st->display_order < pic->display_order) {
-                i = mslice->st_ref_pic_set.num_negative_pics;
-                mslice->st_ref_pic_set.delta_poc_s0_minus1[i] =
+                rps->delta_poc_s0_minus1[rps->num_negative_pics] =
                     pic->display_order - st->display_order - 1;
-                mslice->st_ref_pic_set.used_by_curr_pic_s0_flag[i] = used;
-                ++mslice->st_ref_pic_set.num_negative_pics;
+                rps->used_by_curr_pic_s0_flag[rps->num_negative_pics] = used;
+                ++rps->num_negative_pics;
             } else {
-                i = mslice->st_ref_pic_set.num_positive_pics;
-                mslice->st_ref_pic_set.delta_poc_s1_minus1[i] =
+                rps->delta_poc_s1_minus1[rps->num_positive_pics] =
                     st->display_order - pic->display_order - 1;
-                mslice->st_ref_pic_set.used_by_curr_pic_s1_flag[i] = used;
-                ++mslice->st_ref_pic_set.num_positive_pics;
+                rps->used_by_curr_pic_s1_flag[rps->num_positive_pics] = used;
+                ++rps->num_positive_pics;
             }
         }
+
+        sh->num_long_term_sps  = 0;
+        sh->num_long_term_pics = 0;
+
+        sh->slice_temporal_mvp_enabled_flag =
+            sps->sps_temporal_mvp_enabled_flag;
+        if (sh->slice_temporal_mvp_enabled_flag) {
+            sh->collocated_from_l0_flag = sh->slice_type == HEVC_SLICE_B;
+            sh->collocated_ref_idx      = 0;
+        }
+
+        sh->num_ref_idx_active_override_flag = 0;
+        sh->num_ref_idx_l0_active_minus1 = 
pps->num_ref_idx_l0_default_active_minus1;
+        sh->num_ref_idx_l1_active_minus1 = 
pps->num_ref_idx_l1_default_active_minus1;
     }
 
+    sh->slice_sao_luma_flag = sh->slice_sao_chroma_flag =
+        sps->sample_adaptive_offset_enabled_flag;
+
+    if (pic->type == PICTURE_TYPE_B)
+        sh->slice_qp_delta = priv->fixed_qp_b - (pps->init_qp_minus26 + 26);
+    else if (pic->type == PICTURE_TYPE_P)
+        sh->slice_qp_delta = priv->fixed_qp_p - (pps->init_qp_minus26 + 26);
+    else
+        sh->slice_qp_delta = priv->fixed_qp_idr - (pps->init_qp_minus26 + 26);
+
+
+    *vslice = (VAEncSliceParameterBufferHEVC) {
+        .slice_segment_address = sh->slice_segment_address,
+        .num_ctu_in_slice      = priv->ctu_width * priv->ctu_height,
+
+        .slice_type                 = sh->slice_type,
+        .slice_pic_parameter_set_id = sh->slice_pic_parameter_set_id,
+
+        .num_ref_idx_l0_active_minus1 = sh->num_ref_idx_l0_active_minus1,
+        .num_ref_idx_l1_active_minus1 = sh->num_ref_idx_l1_active_minus1,
+        .ref_pic_list0[0]             = vpic->reference_frames[0],
+        .ref_pic_list1[0]             = vpic->reference_frames[1],
+
+        .luma_log2_weight_denom         = sh->luma_log2_weight_denom,
+        .delta_chroma_log2_weight_denom = sh->delta_chroma_log2_weight_denom,
+
+        .max_num_merge_cand = 5 - sh->five_minus_max_num_merge_cand,
+
+        .slice_qp_delta     = sh->slice_qp_delta,
+        .slice_cb_qp_offset = sh->slice_cb_qp_offset,
+        .slice_cr_qp_offset = sh->slice_cr_qp_offset,
+
+        .slice_beta_offset_div2 = sh->slice_beta_offset_div2,
+        .slice_tc_offset_div2   = sh->slice_tc_offset_div2,
+
+        .slice_fields.bits = {
+            .last_slice_of_pic_flag       = 1,
+            .dependent_slice_segment_flag = sh->dependent_slice_segment_flag,
+            .colour_plane_id              = sh->colour_plane_id,
+            .slice_temporal_mvp_enabled_flag =
+                sh->slice_temporal_mvp_enabled_flag,
+            .slice_sao_luma_flag          = sh->slice_sao_luma_flag,
+            .slice_sao_chroma_flag        = sh->slice_sao_chroma_flag,
+            .num_ref_idx_active_override_flag =
+                sh->num_ref_idx_active_override_flag,
+            .mvd_l1_zero_flag             = sh->mvd_l1_zero_flag,
+            .cabac_init_flag              = sh->cabac_init_flag,
+            .slice_deblocking_filter_disabled_flag =
+                sh->slice_deblocking_filter_disabled_flag,
+            .slice_loop_filter_across_slices_enabled_flag =
+                sh->slice_loop_filter_across_slices_enabled_flag,
+            .collocated_from_l0_flag      = sh->collocated_from_l0_flag,
+        },
+    };
+
+
     return 0;
 }
 
@@ -1161,9 +774,17 @@ static av_cold int 
vaapi_encode_h265_configure(AVCodecContext *avctx)
     VAAPIEncodeContext      *ctx = avctx->priv_data;
     VAAPIEncodeH265Context *priv = ctx->priv_data;
     VAAPIEncodeH265Options  *opt = ctx->codec_options;
+    int err;
+
+    err = ff_cbs_init(&priv->cbc, AV_CODEC_ID_HEVC, avctx);
+    if (err < 0)
+        return err;
 
-    priv->ctu_width     = FFALIGN(ctx->surface_width,  32) / 32;
-    priv->ctu_height    = FFALIGN(ctx->surface_height, 32) / 32;
+    // This seems to be an Intel driver constraint.  Despite MinCbSizeY
+    // being 8, we are still required to encode at 16-pixel alignment and
+    // then crop back (so 1080 lines is still encode as 1088 + cropping).
+    priv->ctu_width     = FFALIGN(ctx->surface_width,  16) / 16;
+    priv->ctu_height    = FFALIGN(ctx->surface_height, 16) / 16;
 
     av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_VERBOSE, "Input %ux%u -> Surface %ux%u -> CTU 
%ux%u.\n",
            avctx->width, avctx->height, ctx->surface_width,
@@ -1267,6 +888,17 @@ static av_cold int vaapi_encode_h265_init(AVCodecContext 
*avctx)
     return ff_vaapi_encode_init(avctx);
 }
 
+static av_cold int vaapi_encode_h265_close(AVCodecContext *avctx)
+{
+    VAAPIEncodeContext *ctx = avctx->priv_data;
+    VAAPIEncodeH265Context *priv = ctx->priv_data;
+
+    if (priv)
+        ff_cbs_close(&priv->cbc);
+
+    return ff_vaapi_encode_close(avctx);
+}
+
 #define OFFSET(x) (offsetof(VAAPIEncodeContext, codec_options_data) + \
                    offsetof(VAAPIEncodeH265Options, x))
 #define FLAGS (AV_OPT_FLAG_VIDEO_PARAM | AV_OPT_FLAG_ENCODING_PARAM)
@@ -1305,7 +937,7 @@ AVCodec ff_hevc_vaapi_encoder = {
                        sizeof(VAAPIEncodeH265Options)),
     .init           = &vaapi_encode_h265_init,
     .encode2        = &ff_vaapi_encode2,
-    .close          = &ff_vaapi_encode_close,
+    .close          = &vaapi_encode_h265_close,
     .priv_class     = &vaapi_encode_h265_class,
     .capabilities   = AV_CODEC_CAP_DELAY,
     .defaults       = vaapi_encode_h265_defaults,
diff --git a/libavcodec/vaapi_encode_h26x.c b/libavcodec/vaapi_encode_h26x.c
deleted file mode 100644
index bf9eb9213..000000000
--- a/libavcodec/vaapi_encode_h26x.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,68 +0,0 @@
-/*
- * This file is part of Libav.
- *
- * Libav is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
- * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
- * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
- * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
- *
- * Libav is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
- * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
- * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
- * Lesser General Public License for more details.
- *
- * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
- * License along with Libav; if not, write to the Free Software
- * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
- */
-
-#include <stdint.h>
-
-#include "vaapi_encode_h26x.h"
-
-int ff_vaapi_encode_h26x_nal_unit_to_byte_stream(uint8_t *dst, size_t 
*dst_bit_len,
-                                                 uint8_t *src, size_t 
src_bit_len)
-{
-    size_t dp, sp;
-    int zero_run = 0;
-    size_t dst_len = *dst_bit_len / 8;
-    size_t src_len = (src_bit_len + 7) / 8;
-    int trailing_zeroes = src_len * 8 - src_bit_len;
-
-    if (dst_len < src_len + 4) {
-        // Definitely doesn't fit.
-        goto fail;
-    }
-
-    // Start code.
-    dst[0] = dst[1] = dst[2] = 0;
-    dst[3] = 1;
-    dp = 4;
-
-    for (sp = 0; sp < src_len; sp++) {
-        if (dp >= dst_len)
-            goto fail;
-        if (zero_run < 2) {
-            if (src[sp] == 0)
-                ++zero_run;
-            else
-                zero_run = 0;
-        } else {
-            if ((src[sp] & ~3) == 0) {
-                // emulation_prevention_three_byte
-                dst[dp++] = 3;
-                if (dp >= dst_len)
-                    goto fail;
-            }
-            zero_run = src[sp] == 0;
-        }
-        dst[dp++] = src[sp];
-    }
-
-    *dst_bit_len = 8 * dp - trailing_zeroes;
-    return 0;
-
-fail:
-    *dst_bit_len = 0;
-    return AVERROR(ENOSPC);
-}
diff --git a/libavcodec/vaapi_encode_h26x.h b/libavcodec/vaapi_encode_h26x.h
deleted file mode 100644
index d6db69a0e..000000000
--- a/libavcodec/vaapi_encode_h26x.h
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,45 +0,0 @@
-/*
- * This file is part of Libav.
- *
- * Libav is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
- * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
- * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
- * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
- *
- * Libav is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
- * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
- * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
- * Lesser General Public License for more details.
- *
- * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
- * License along with Libav; if not, write to the Free Software
- * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
- */
-
-#ifndef AVCODEC_VAAPI_ENCODE_H26X_H
-#define AVCODEC_VAAPI_ENCODE_H26X_H
-
-#include <stddef.h>
-#include <stdint.h>
-
-#include "golomb.h"
-#include "put_bits.h"
-
-
-// Debug code may be interested in the name of the syntax element being
-// for tracing purposes.  Here, it is just discarded.
-
-#define write_u(pbc, width, value, name) put_bits(pbc, width, value)
-#define write_ue(pbc, value, name)       set_ue_golomb(pbc, value)
-#define write_se(pbc, value, name)       set_se_golomb(pbc, value)
-
-#define u(width, ...) write_u(pbc, width, __VA_ARGS__)
-#define ue(...)       write_ue(pbc, __VA_ARGS__)
-#define se(...)       write_se(pbc, __VA_ARGS__)
-
-
-// Copy from src to dst, applying emulation prevention.
-int ff_vaapi_encode_h26x_nal_unit_to_byte_stream(uint8_t *dst, size_t *dst_len,
-                                                 uint8_t *src, size_t src_len);
-
-#endif /* AVCODEC_VAAPI_ENCODE_H26X_H */
-- 
2.11.0

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