Avoid that the following race can occur:

blk_cleanup_queue()               blkcg_print_blkgs()
  spin_lock_irq(lock) (1)           spin_lock_irq(blkg->q->queue_lock) (2,5)
    q->queue_lock = &q->__queue_lock (3)
  spin_unlock_irq(lock) (4)
                                    spin_unlock_irq(blkg->q->queue_lock) (6)

(1) take driver lock;
(2) busy loop for driver lock;
(3) override driver lock with internal lock;
(4) unlock driver lock;
(5) can take driver lock now;
(6) but unlock internal lock.

This change is safe because only the SCSI core and the NVME core keep
a reference on a request queue after having called blk_cleanup_queue().
Neither driver accesses any of the removed data structures between its
blk_cleanup_queue() and blk_put_queue() calls.

Reported-by: Joseph Qi <joseph...@linux.alibaba.com>
Signed-off-by: Bart Van Assche <bart.vanass...@wdc.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <j...@suse.com>
---
 block/blk-core.c  | 31 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 block/blk-sysfs.c |  7 -------
 2 files changed, 31 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/blk-core.c b/block/blk-core.c
index 41c74b37be85..6febc69a58aa 100644
--- a/block/blk-core.c
+++ b/block/blk-core.c
@@ -719,6 +719,37 @@ void blk_cleanup_queue(struct request_queue *q)
        del_timer_sync(&q->backing_dev_info->laptop_mode_wb_timer);
        blk_sync_queue(q);
 
+       /*
+        * I/O scheduler exit is only safe after the sysfs scheduler attribute
+        * has been removed.
+        */
+       WARN_ON_ONCE(q->kobj.state_in_sysfs);
+
+       /*
+        * Since the I/O scheduler exit code may access cgroup information,
+        * perform I/O scheduler exit before disassociating from the block
+        * cgroup controller.
+        */
+       if (q->elevator) {
+               ioc_clear_queue(q);
+               elevator_exit(q, q->elevator);
+               q->elevator = NULL;
+       }
+
+       /*
+        * Remove all references to @q from the block cgroup controller before
+        * restoring @q->queue_lock to avoid that restoring this pointer causes
+        * e.g. blkcg_print_blkgs() to crash.
+        */
+       blkcg_exit_queue(q);
+
+       /*
+        * Since the cgroup code may dereference the @q->backing_dev_info
+        * pointer, only decrease its reference count after having removed the
+        * association with the block cgroup controller.
+        */
+       bdi_put(q->backing_dev_info);
+
        if (q->mq_ops)
                blk_mq_free_queue(q);
        percpu_ref_exit(&q->q_usage_counter);
diff --git a/block/blk-sysfs.c b/block/blk-sysfs.c
index cbea895a5547..fd71a00c9462 100644
--- a/block/blk-sysfs.c
+++ b/block/blk-sysfs.c
@@ -798,13 +798,6 @@ static void __blk_release_queue(struct work_struct *work)
        if (test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_POLL_STATS, &q->queue_flags))
                blk_stat_remove_callback(q, q->poll_cb);
        blk_stat_free_callback(q->poll_cb);
-       bdi_put(q->backing_dev_info);
-       blkcg_exit_queue(q);
-
-       if (q->elevator) {
-               ioc_clear_queue(q);
-               elevator_exit(q, q->elevator);
-       }
 
        blk_free_queue_stats(q->stats);
 
-- 
2.16.1

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