On Mon, 16 Apr 2018, Chris Murphy wrote: > Adding linux-usb@ and linux-scsi@ > (This email does contain the thread initiating email, but some replies > are on the other lists.) > > On Mon, Apr 16, 2018 at 5:43 AM, Austin S. Hemmelgarn > <ahferro...@gmail.com> wrote: > > On 2018-04-15 21:04, Chris Murphy wrote: > >> > >> I just ran into this: > >> > >> https://github.com/neilbrown/mdadm/pull/32/commits/af1ddca7d5311dfc9ed60a5eb6497db1296f1bec > >> > >> This solution is inadequate, can it be made more generic? This isn't > >> an md specific problem, it affects Btrfs and LVM as well. And in fact > >> raid0, and even none raid setups. > >> > >> There is no good reason to prevent deep recovery, which is what > >> happens with the default command timer of 30 seconds, with this class > >> of drive. Basically that value is going to cause data loss for the > >> single device and also raid0 case, where the reset happens before deep > >> recovery has a chance. And even if deep recovery fails to return user > >> data, what we need to see is the proper error message: read error UNC, > >> rather than a link reset message which just obfuscates the problem. > > > > > > This has been discussed at least once here before (probably more times, hard > > to be sure since it usually comes up as a side discussion in an only > > marginally related thread). Last I knew, the consensus here was that it > > needs to be changed upstream in the kernel, not by adding a udev rule > > because while the value is technically system policy, the default policy is > > brain-dead for anything but the original disks it was i9ntended for (30 > > seconds works perfectly fine for actual SCSI devices because they behave > > sanely in the face of media errors, but it's horribly inadequate for ATA > > devices). > > > > To re-iterate what I've said before on the subject: > > > > For ATA drives it should probably be 150 seconds. That's 30 seconds beyond > > the typical amount of time most consumer drives will keep retrying a sector, > > so even if it goes the full time to try and recover a sector this shouldn't > > trigger. The only people this change should negatively impact are those who > > have failing drives which support SCT ERC and have it enabled, but aren't > > already adjusting this timeout. > > > > For physical SCSI devices, it should continue to be 30 seconds. SCSI disks > > are sensible here and don't waste your time trying to recover a sector. For > > PV-SCSI devices, it should probably be adjusted too, but I don't know what a > > reasonable value is. > > > > For USB devices it should probably be higher than 30 seconds, but again I > > have no idea what a reasonable value is. > > I don't know how all of this is designed but it seems like there's > only one location for the command timer, and the SCSI driver owns it, > and then everyone else (ATA and USB and for all I know SAN) are on top > of that and lack any ability to have separate timeouts.
As far as mass-storage is concerned, USB is merely a transport. It doesn't impose any timeout rules; the appropriate timeout value is whatever the device at the end of the USB link needs. Thus, a SCSI drive connected over USB could use a 30-second timeout, an ATA drive could use 150 seconds, and so on. Unfortunately, the only way to tell what sort of drive you've got is by looking at the Vendor/Product IDs or other information provided by the drive itself. You can't tell anything just from knowing what sort of bus it's on. Alan Stern > The nice thing about the udev rule is that it tests for SCT ERC before > making a change. There certainly are enterprise and almost enterprise > "NAS" SATA drives that have short SCT ERC times enabled out of the box > - and the udev method makes them immune to the change. -- To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-btrfs" in the body of a message to majord...@vger.kernel.org More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html