- use a quote blocks where needed; - use ``foo`` for monotonic; - adjust whitespaces and blank lines; - fix the second list (that starts with 0, instead of A) - add it to the user's book.
Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mche...@s-opensource.com> --- Documentation/init.txt | 29 ++++++++++++++++------------- Documentation/user/index.rst | 1 + Documentation/user/init.rst | 1 + 3 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-) create mode 120000 Documentation/user/init.rst diff --git a/Documentation/init.txt b/Documentation/init.txt index 535ad5e82b98..e89d97f31eaf 100644 --- a/Documentation/init.txt +++ b/Documentation/init.txt @@ -5,6 +5,7 @@ OK, so you've got this pretty unintuitive message (currently located in init/main.c) and are wondering what the H*** went wrong. Some high-level reasons for failure (listed roughly in order of execution) to load the init binary are: + A) Unable to mount root FS B) init binary doesn't exist on rootfs C) broken console device @@ -12,37 +13,39 @@ D) binary exists but dependencies not available E) binary cannot be loaded Detailed explanations: -0) Set "debug" kernel parameter (in bootloader config file or CONFIG_CMDLINE) + +A) Set "debug" kernel parameter (in bootloader config file or CONFIG_CMDLINE) to get more detailed kernel messages. -A) make sure you have the correct root FS type - (and root= kernel parameter points to the correct partition), +B) make sure you have the correct root FS type + (and ``root=`` kernel parameter points to the correct partition), required drivers such as storage hardware (such as SCSI or USB!) and filesystem (ext3, jffs2 etc.) are builtin (alternatively as modules, to be pre-loaded by an initrd) -C) Possibly a conflict in console= setup --> initial console unavailable. +C) Possibly a conflict in ``console= setup`` --> initial console unavailable. E.g. some serial consoles are unreliable due to serial IRQ issues (e.g. missing interrupt-based configuration). - Try using a different console= device or e.g. netconsole= . + Try using a different ``console= device`` or e.g. ``netconsole=``. D) e.g. required library dependencies of the init binary such as - /lib/ld-linux.so.2 missing or broken. Use readelf -d <INIT>|grep NEEDED - to find out which libraries are required. + ``/lib/ld-linux.so.2`` missing or broken. Use + ``readelf -d <INIT>|grep NEEDED`` to find out which libraries are required. E) make sure the binary's architecture matches your hardware. E.g. i386 vs. x86_64 mismatch, or trying to load x86 on ARM hardware. In case you tried loading a non-binary file here (shell script?), you should make sure that the script specifies an interpreter in its shebang - header line (#!/...) that is fully working (including its library + header line (``#!/...``) that is fully working (including its library dependencies). And before tackling scripts, better first test a simple - non-script binary such as /bin/sh and confirm its successful execution. - To find out more, add code to init/main.c to display kernel_execve()s + non-script binary such as ``/bin/sh`` and confirm its successful execution. + To find out more, add code ``to init/main.c`` to display kernel_execve()s return values. Please extend this explanation whenever you find new failure causes (after all loading the init binary is a CRITICAL and hard transition step which needs to be made as painless as possible), then submit patch to LKML. Further TODOs: -- Implement the various run_init_process() invocations via a struct array - which can then store the kernel_execve() result value and on failure - log it all by iterating over _all_ results (very important usability fix). + +- Implement the various ``run_init_process()`` invocations via a struct array + which can then store the ``kernel_execve()`` result value and on failure + log it all by iterating over **all** results (very important usability fix). - try to make the implementation itself more helpful in general, e.g. by providing additional error messages at affected places. diff --git a/Documentation/user/index.rst b/Documentation/user/index.rst index 3087bc4a8c74..6762af7fc7f5 100644 --- a/Documentation/user/index.rst +++ b/Documentation/user/index.rst @@ -11,6 +11,7 @@ Contents: REPORTING-BUGS BUG-HUNTING initrd + init dynamic-debug-howto SecurityBugs kernel-parameters diff --git a/Documentation/user/init.rst b/Documentation/user/init.rst new file mode 120000 index 000000000000..ec9e4100adb8 --- /dev/null +++ b/Documentation/user/init.rst @@ -0,0 +1 @@ +../init.txt \ No newline at end of file -- 2.7.4 -- To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-doc" in the body of a message to majord...@vger.kernel.org More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html