From: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frasc...@arm.com> On AArch64 the TCR_EL1.TBI0 bit is set by default, allowing userspace (EL0) to perform memory accesses through 64-bit pointers with a non-zero top byte. However, such pointers were not allowed at the user-kernel syscall ABI boundary.
With the Tagged Address ABI patchset, it is now possible to pass tagged pointers to the syscalls. Relax the requirements described in tagged-pointers.rst to be compliant with the behaviours guaranteed by the AArch64 Tagged Address ABI. Cc: Will Deacon <will.dea...@arm.com> Cc: Andrey Konovalov <andreyk...@google.com> Cc: Szabolcs Nagy <szabolcs.n...@arm.com> Cc: Kevin Brodsky <kevin.brod...@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frasc...@arm.com> Co-developed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.mari...@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.mari...@arm.com> --- Documentation/arm64/tagged-pointers.rst | 23 ++++++++++++++++------- 1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-) diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/tagged-pointers.rst b/Documentation/arm64/tagged-pointers.rst index 2acdec3ebbeb..fd5306019e91 100644 --- a/Documentation/arm64/tagged-pointers.rst +++ b/Documentation/arm64/tagged-pointers.rst @@ -20,7 +20,9 @@ Passing tagged addresses to the kernel -------------------------------------- All interpretation of userspace memory addresses by the kernel assumes -an address tag of 0x00. +an address tag of 0x00, unless the application enables the AArch64 +Tagged Address ABI explicitly +(Documentation/arm64/tagged-address-abi.rst). This includes, but is not limited to, addresses found in: @@ -33,13 +35,15 @@ This includes, but is not limited to, addresses found in: - the frame pointer (x29) and frame records, e.g. when interpreting them to generate a backtrace or call graph. -Using non-zero address tags in any of these locations may result in an -error code being returned, a (fatal) signal being raised, or other modes -of failure. +Using non-zero address tags in any of these locations when the +userspace application did not enable the AArch64 Tagged Address ABI may +result in an error code being returned, a (fatal) signal being raised, +or other modes of failure. -For these reasons, passing non-zero address tags to the kernel via -system calls is forbidden, and using a non-zero address tag for sp is -strongly discouraged. +For these reasons, when the AArch64 Tagged Address ABI is disabled, +passing non-zero address tags to the kernel via system calls is +forbidden, and using a non-zero address tag for sp is strongly +discouraged. Programs maintaining a frame pointer and frame records that use non-zero address tags may suffer impaired or inaccurate debug and profiling @@ -59,6 +63,11 @@ be preserved. The architecture prevents the use of a tagged PC, so the upper byte will be set to a sign-extension of bit 55 on exception return. +This behaviour is maintained when the AArch64 Tagged Address ABI is +enabled. In addition, with the exceptions above, the kernel will +preserve any non-zero tags passed by the user via syscalls and stored in +kernel data structures (e.g. set_robust_list(), sigaltstack()). + Other considerations --------------------