Hi Rob.

On Fri, Jan 02, 2009 at 02:13:30AM -0600, Rob Landley wrote:
> From: Rob Landley <r...@landley.net>
> 
> Replace kernel/timeconst.pl with kernel/timeconst.sh.  The new shell script
> is much simpler, about 1/4 the size, and runs on Red Hat 9 from 2003.

This part of the changelog is OK except that is fails to
address why we want to get away from perl.

Please drop the remining part of the changelog (but not the s-o-b).

> Peter Anvin added this perl to 2.6.25.  Before that, the kernel had never
> required perl to build.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Rob Landley <r...@landley.net>
> ---
> 
>  kernel/Makefile     |    4 
>  kernel/timeconst.pl |  378 ------------------------------------------
>  kernel/timeconst.sh |   91 ++++++++++
>  3 files changed, 93 insertions(+), 380 deletions(-)
> 
> diff -r d0c7611dcfd6 kernel/Makefile
> --- a/kernel/Makefile Tue Dec 30 17:48:25 2008 -0800
> +++ b/kernel/Makefile Fri Jan 02 00:10:44 2009 -0600
> @@ -115,7 +115,7 @@
>  $(obj)/time.o: $(obj)/timeconst.h
>  
>  quiet_cmd_timeconst  = TIMEC   $@
> -      cmd_timeconst  = $(PERL) $< $(CONFIG_HZ) > $@
> +      cmd_timeconst  = $(CONFIG_SHELL) $< $(CONFIG_HZ) > $@
>  targets += timeconst.h
> -$(obj)/timeconst.h: $(src)/timeconst.pl FORCE
> +$(obj)/timeconst.h: $(src)/timeconst.sh FORCE
>       $(call if_changed,timeconst)
OK

> --- /dev/null 1969-12-31 00:00:00.000000000 -0600
> +++ hg/kernel/timeconst.sh    2009-01-01 23:53:17.000000000 -0600
> @@ -0,0 +1,91 @@
> +#!/bin/bash
> +
> +if [ $# -ne 1 ]
> +then
> +     echo "Usage: timeconst.sh HZ"
> +     exit 1
> +fi
That usage is useless. Either extend it or spend a few lines
in the shell script explainign what the shell script is supposed to do.

> +
> +HZ=$1
> +
> +# Sanity test: even the shell in Red Hat 9 (circa 2003) supported 64 bit 
> math.
> +
> +[ $((1<<32)) -lt 0 ] && exit 1
> +
If it fails then add an error message explaining why. So if we get reports that 
this
fails then we at least can see something like:
"timeconst noticed that the shell did not support 64 bit math - stop"


> +# Output start of header file
> +
> +cat << EOF
> +/* Automatically generated by kernel/timeconst.sh */
> +/* Conversion constants for HZ == $HZ */
> +
> +#ifndef KERNEL_TIMECONST_H
> +#define KERNEL_TIMECONST_H

Please use __KERNEL_TIMECONST_H. The two underscores are standard.

> +
> +#include <linux/param.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +
> +#if HZ != $HZ
> +#error "kernel/timeconst.h has the wrong HZ value!"
> +#endif
> +
> +EOF
> +
> +# For both Miliseconds and Microseconds
> +
> +for i in "MSEC 1000" "USEC 1000000"
> +do
> +     NAME=$(echo $i | awk '{print $1}')
> +     PERIOD=$(echo $i | awk '{print $2}')
> +
> +     # Find greatest common denominator (using Euclid's algorithm)
> +
> +     A=$HZ
> +     B=$PERIOD
> +
> +     while [ $B -ne 0 ]
> +     do
> +             C=$(($A%$B))
> +             A=$B
> +             B=$C
> +     done
> +
> +     GCD=$A
> +
> +     # Do this for each direction (HZ_TO_PERIOD and PERIOD_TO_HZ)
> +
> +     for DIRECTION in 0 1
> +     do
> +             if [ $DIRECTION -eq 0 ]
> +             then
> +                     CONVERT="HZ_TO_${NAME}"
> +                     FROM=$HZ
> +                     TO=$PERIOD
> +             else
> +                     CONVERT="${NAME}_TO_HZ"
> +                     FROM=$PERIOD
> +                     TO=$HZ
> +             fi
> +
> +             # How many shift bits give 32 bits of significant data?
> +
> +             SHIFT=0
> +             while [ $(( (($TO<<$SHIFT)+$FROM-1)/$FROM )) -lt $((1<<31)) ]
> +             do
> +                     SHIFT=$(( $SHIFT+1 ))
> +             done
> +
> +             MUL32=$(( (($TO<<$SHIFT)+$FROM-1)/$FROM ))
> +             MUL32=$(printf %x $MUL32)
> +             echo "#define ${CONVERT}_MUL32  U64_C(0x$MUL32)"
> +             ADJ32=$(($FROM/$GCD))
> +             ADJ32=$(( (($ADJ32-1)<<$SHIFT)/$ADJ32 ))
> +             ADJ32=$(printf %x $ADJ32)
> +             echo "#define ${CONVERT}_ADJ32  U64_C(0x$ADJ32)"
> +             echo "#define ${CONVERT}_SHR32  $SHIFT"
> +             echo "#define ${CONVERT}_NUM            U64_C($(($TO/$GCD)))"
> +             echo "#define ${CONVERT}_DEN            U64_C($(($FROM/$GCD)))"
> +     done
> +done

Is it a shell limitation that all spaces around operators are missing?
Makes it hard to read..

You should use trap in your shell script so we do not end up with a
partially generated file.
Or you should change the rule in the Makefile to use
a temperary file and then rename it.

We have similar bugs in other places - but no need to add
in more places.


        Sam
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