Jann Horn <j...@thejh.net> writes:

> On Tue, Oct 18, 2016 at 10:35:23AM -0500, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
>> Jann Horn <j...@thejh.net> writes:
>> > On Tue, Oct 18, 2016 at 09:56:53AM -0500, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
>> >> Michal Hocko <mho...@kernel.org> writes:
>> >> 
>> >> > On Mon 17-10-16 11:39:49, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
>> >> >> 
>> >> >> During exec dumpable is cleared if the file that is being executed is
>> >> >> not readable by the user executing the file.  A bug in
>> >> >> ptrace_may_access allows reading the file if the executable happens to
>> >> >> enter into a subordinate user namespace (aka clone(CLONE_NEWUSER),
>> >> >> unshare(CLONE_NEWUSER), or setns(fd, CLONE_NEWUSER).
>> >> >> 
>> >> >> This problem is fixed with only necessary userspace breakage by adding
>> >> >> a user namespace owner to mm_struct, captured at the time of exec,
>> >> >> so it is clear in which user namespace CAP_SYS_PTRACE must be present
>> >> >> in to be able to safely give read permission to the executable.
>> >> >> 
>> >> >> The function ptrace_may_access is modified to verify that the ptracer
>> >> >> has CAP_SYS_ADMIN in task->mm->user_ns instead of task->cred->user_ns.
>> >> >> This ensures that if the task changes it's cred into a subordinate
>> >> >> user namespace it does not become ptraceable.
>> >> >
>> >> > I haven't studied your patch too deeply but one thing that immediately 
>> >> > raised a red flag was that mm might be shared between processes (aka
>> >> > thread groups). What prevents those two to sit in different user
>> >> > namespaces?
>> >> >
>> >> > I am primarily asking because this generated a lot of headache for the
>> >> > memcg handling as those processes might sit in different cgroups while
>> >> > there is only one correct memcg for them which can disagree with the
>> >> > cgroup associated with one of the processes.
>> >> 
>> >> That is a legitimate concern, but I do not see any of those kinds of
>> >> issues here.
>> >> 
>> >> Part of the memcg pain comes from the fact that control groups are
>> >> process centric, and part of the pain comes from the fact that it is
>> >> possible to change control groups.  What I am doing is making the mm
>> >> owned by a user namespace (at creation time), and I am not allowing
>> >> changes to that ownership. The credentials of the tasks that use that mm
>> >> may be in the same user namespace or descendent user namespaces.
>> >> 
>> >> The core goal is to enforce the unreadability of an mm when an
>> >> non-readable file is executed.  This is a time of mm creation property.
>> >> The enforcement of which fits very well with the security/permission
>> >> checking role of the user namespace.
>> >
>> > How is that going to work? I thought the core goal was better security for
>> > entering containers.
>> The better security when entering containers came from fixing the the
>> check for unreadable files.  Because that is fundamentally what
>> the mm dumpable settings are for.
> Oh, interesting.
>> > If I want to dump a non-readable file, afaik, I can just make a new user
>> > namespace, then run the file in there and dump its memory.
>> > I guess you could fix that by entirely prohibiting the execution of a
>> > non-readable file whose owner UID is not mapped. (Adding more dumping
>> > restrictions wouldn't help much because you could still e.g. supply a
>> > malicious dynamic linker if you control the mount namespace.)
>> That seems to be a part of this puzzle I have incompletely addressed,
>> thank you.
>> It looks like I need to change either the owning user namespace or
>> fail the exec.  Malicious dynamic linkers are doubly interesting.
>> As mount name spaces are also owned if I have privileges I can address
>> the possibility of a malicious dynamic linker that way.  AKA who cares
>> about the link if the owner of the mount namespace has permissions to
>> read the file.
> If you just check the owner of the mount namespace, someone could still
> use a user namespace to chroot() the process. That should also be
> sufficient to get the evil linker in. I think it really needs to be the
> user namespace of the executing process that's checked, not the user
> namespace associated with some mount namespace.

Something.  I will just note that this is hard to analyze and
theoretically possible for now, since I don't intend to pursue
that solution.

>> I am going to look at failing the exec if the owning user namespace
>> of the mm would not have permissions to read the file.  That should just
>> be a couple of lines of code and easy to maintain.  Plus it does not
>> appear that non-readable executables are particularly common.
> Hm. Yeah, I guess mode 04111 probably isn't sooo common.
> From a security perspective, I think that should work.

Well there is at least one common distro that installs sudo
that way so I would not say uncommon.   But we already ignore
the suid and sgid bit when executing such executables as without
having the uid or gid mapping into a user namespace suid and sgid
can not be supported.

So the only case that could cause a real regression/loss of
functionality is if there are unreadable executables without the suid or
sgid bit set.  I can't find any of those.

Patch for this second bug in a moment.


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