From: Kan Liang <kan.li...@intel.com>

For understanding how the workload maps to memory channels and hardware
behavior, it's very important to collect address maps with physical
addresses. For example, 3D XPoint access can only be found by filtering
the physical address.
However, perf doesn't collect physical address information in sampling.

The load latency/DLA information in PEBS can be used to calculate the
physical address.
For kernel direct mapping addresses, virt_to_phys is used to convert the
virtual addresses from DLA to physical address.
For user virtual addresses, __get_user_pages_fast is used to walk the
pages tables for user physical address.
This does not work for vmalloc addresses. Right now these are not
resolved, but code to do that could be added.
For security, the physical address can only be exposed to root or
privileged user.
A new sample type PERF_SAMPLE_PHYS_ADDR is introduced to expose the
physical addresses.

Signed-off-by: Kan Liang <kan.li...@intel.com>
---

The V2 version can be found here.
https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/7979771/

Changes since V2
 - Only the kernel patch
 - Add example in changelog
 - Include a perf_paranoid_kernel() test (PeterZ)
 - Fix minor complier warning

 arch/x86/events/intel/ds.c      | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/x86/events/perf_event.h    |  2 +-
 include/linux/perf_event.h      |  3 +++
 include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h |  4 +++-
 kernel/events/core.c            | 12 ++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 43 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/events/intel/ds.c b/arch/x86/events/intel/ds.c
index a322fed..712c86b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/events/intel/ds.c
+++ b/arch/x86/events/intel/ds.c
@@ -1083,6 +1083,7 @@ static void setup_pebs_sample_data(struct perf_event 
*event,
        u64 sample_type;
        int fll, fst, dsrc;
        int fl = event->hw.flags;
+       struct page *p = NULL;
 
        if (pebs == NULL)
                return;
@@ -1179,6 +1180,29 @@ static void setup_pebs_sample_data(struct perf_event 
*event,
            x86_pmu.intel_cap.pebs_format >= 1)
                data->addr = pebs->dla;
 
+       if ((sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_PHYS_ADDR) && (data->addr != 0)) {
+               if (data->addr >= TASK_SIZE) {
+                       /* If it's vmalloc()d memory, leave phys_addr as 0 */
+                       if (virt_addr_valid(data->addr) &&
+                           !(data->addr >= VMALLOC_START && data->addr < 
VMALLOC_END))
+                               data->phys_addr = (u64)virt_to_phys((void 
*)(uintptr_t)data->addr);
+               } else {
+                       /*
+                        * Walking the pages tables for user address.
+                        * Interrupts are disabled, so it prevents any tear down
+                        * of the page tables.
+                        * Try IRQ-safe __get_user_pages_fast first.
+                        * If failed, leave phys_addr as 0.
+                        */
+                       if ((current->mm != NULL) &&
+                           (__get_user_pages_fast(data->addr, 1, 0, &p) == 1))
+                               data->phys_addr = page_to_phys(p) + data->addr 
% PAGE_SIZE;
+
+                       if (p)
+                               put_page(p);
+               }
+       }
+
        if (x86_pmu.intel_cap.pebs_format >= 2) {
                /* Only set the TSX weight when no memory weight. */
                if ((sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_WEIGHT) && !fll)
diff --git a/arch/x86/events/perf_event.h b/arch/x86/events/perf_event.h
index 476aec3..65bb91e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/events/perf_event.h
+++ b/arch/x86/events/perf_event.h
@@ -91,7 +91,7 @@ struct amd_nb {
        (PERF_SAMPLE_IP | PERF_SAMPLE_TID | PERF_SAMPLE_ADDR | \
        PERF_SAMPLE_ID | PERF_SAMPLE_CPU | PERF_SAMPLE_STREAM_ID | \
        PERF_SAMPLE_DATA_SRC | PERF_SAMPLE_IDENTIFIER | \
-       PERF_SAMPLE_TRANSACTION)
+       PERF_SAMPLE_TRANSACTION | PERF_SAMPLE_PHYS_ADDR)
 
 /*
  * A debug store configuration.
diff --git a/include/linux/perf_event.h b/include/linux/perf_event.h
index a3b873f..6783c69 100644
--- a/include/linux/perf_event.h
+++ b/include/linux/perf_event.h
@@ -944,6 +944,8 @@ struct perf_sample_data {
 
        struct perf_regs                regs_intr;
        u64                             stack_user_size;
+
+       u64                             phys_addr;
 } ____cacheline_aligned;
 
 /* default value for data source */
@@ -964,6 +966,7 @@ static inline void perf_sample_data_init(struct 
perf_sample_data *data,
        data->weight = 0;
        data->data_src.val = PERF_MEM_NA;
        data->txn = 0;
+       data->phys_addr = 0;
 }
 
 extern void perf_output_sample(struct perf_output_handle *handle,
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h b/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h
index 642db5f..cbea02f 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h
@@ -139,8 +139,9 @@ enum perf_event_sample_format {
        PERF_SAMPLE_IDENTIFIER                  = 1U << 16,
        PERF_SAMPLE_TRANSACTION                 = 1U << 17,
        PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_INTR                   = 1U << 18,
+       PERF_SAMPLE_PHYS_ADDR                   = 1U << 19,
 
-       PERF_SAMPLE_MAX = 1U << 19,             /* non-ABI */
+       PERF_SAMPLE_MAX = 1U << 20,             /* non-ABI */
 };
 
 /*
@@ -814,6 +815,7 @@ enum perf_event_type {
         *      { u64                   transaction; } && 
PERF_SAMPLE_TRANSACTION
         *      { u64                   abi; # enum perf_sample_regs_abi
         *        u64                   regs[weight(mask)]; } && 
PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_INTR
+        *      { u64                   phys_addr;} && PERF_SAMPLE_PHYS_ADDR
         * };
         */
        PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE                      = 9,
diff --git a/kernel/events/core.c b/kernel/events/core.c
index 426c2ff..07d4a74 100644
--- a/kernel/events/core.c
+++ b/kernel/events/core.c
@@ -1570,6 +1570,9 @@ static void __perf_event_header_size(struct perf_event 
*event, u64 sample_type)
        if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_TRANSACTION)
                size += sizeof(data->txn);
 
+       if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_PHYS_ADDR)
+               size += sizeof(data->phys_addr);
+
        event->header_size = size;
 }
 
@@ -5952,6 +5955,9 @@ void perf_output_sample(struct perf_output_handle *handle,
        if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_DATA_SRC)
                perf_output_put(handle, data->data_src.val);
 
+       if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_PHYS_ADDR)
+               perf_output_put(handle, data->phys_addr);
+
        if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_TRANSACTION)
                perf_output_put(handle, data->txn);
 
@@ -9852,6 +9858,12 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(perf_event_open,
                        return -EINVAL;
        }
 
+       /* Only privileged users can get kernel addresses */
+       if ((attr.sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_PHYS_ADDR) &&
+           perf_paranoid_kernel() &&
+           !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+               return -EACCES;
+
        if (!attr.sample_max_stack)
                attr.sample_max_stack = sysctl_perf_event_max_stack;
 
-- 
2.4.3

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