Support the AFS dynamic root which is a pseudo-volume that doesn't connect
to any server resource, but rather is just a root directory that
dynamically creates mountpoint directories where the name of such a
directory is the name of the cell.

Such a mount can be created thus:

        mount -t afs none /afs -o dyn

Dynamic root superblocks aren't shared except by bind mounts and
propagation.  Cell root volumes can then be mounted by referring to them by
name, e.g.:

        ls /afs/grand.central.org/
        ls /afs/.grand.central.org/

The kernel will upcall to consult the DNS if the address wasn't supplied
directly.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowe...@redhat.com>
---

 Documentation/filesystems/afs.txt |   17 +++++
 fs/afs/dir.c                      |  122 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 fs/afs/inode.c                    |   48 ++++++++-----
 fs/afs/internal.h                 |   12 ++-
 fs/afs/mntpt.c                    |   20 +++---
 fs/afs/super.c                    |  132 +++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
 net/dns_resolver/dns_query.c      |   22 +++---
 7 files changed, 276 insertions(+), 97 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/afs.txt 
b/Documentation/filesystems/afs.txt
index ba99b5ac4fd8..c5254f6d234d 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/afs.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/afs.txt
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@ Contents:
  - Overview.
  - Usage.
  - Mountpoints.
+ - Dynamic root.
  - Proc filesystem.
  - The cell database.
  - Security.
@@ -127,6 +128,22 @@ mounted on /afs in one go by doing:
        umount /afs
 
 
+============
+DYNAMIC ROOT
+============
+
+A mount option is available to create a serverless mount that is only usable
+for dynamic lookup.  Creating such a mount can be done by, for example:
+
+       mount -t afs none /afs -o dyn
+
+This creates a mount that just has an empty directory at the root.  Attempting
+to look up a name in this directory will cause a mountpoint to be created that
+looks up a cell of the same name, for example:
+
+       ls /afs/grand.central.org/
+
+
 ===============
 PROC FILESYSTEM
 ===============
diff --git a/fs/afs/dir.c b/fs/afs/dir.c
index 23c7f395d718..ba2b458b36d1 100644
--- a/fs/afs/dir.c
+++ b/fs/afs/dir.c
@@ -17,10 +17,13 @@
 #include <linux/pagemap.h>
 #include <linux/ctype.h>
 #include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/dns_resolver.h>
 #include "internal.h"
 
 static struct dentry *afs_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry,
                                 unsigned int flags);
+static struct dentry *afs_dynroot_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry 
*dentry,
+                                        unsigned int flags);
 static int afs_dir_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file);
 static int afs_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx);
 static int afs_d_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags);
@@ -64,6 +67,17 @@ const struct inode_operations afs_dir_inode_operations = {
        .listxattr      = afs_listxattr,
 };
 
+const struct file_operations afs_dynroot_file_operations = {
+       .open           = dcache_dir_open,
+       .release        = dcache_dir_close,
+       .iterate_shared = dcache_readdir,
+       .llseek         = dcache_dir_lseek,
+};
+
+const struct inode_operations afs_dynroot_inode_operations = {
+       .lookup         = afs_dynroot_lookup,
+};
+
 const struct dentry_operations afs_fs_dentry_operations = {
        .d_revalidate   = afs_d_revalidate,
        .d_delete       = afs_d_delete,
@@ -468,25 +482,58 @@ static int afs_do_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry 
*dentry,
 }
 
 /*
+ * Probe to see if a cell may exist.  This prevents positive dentries from
+ * being created unnecessarily.
+ */
+static int afs_probe_cell_name(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+       struct afs_cell *cell;
+       const char *name = dentry->d_name.name;
+       size_t len = dentry->d_name.len;
+       int ret;
+
+       /* Names prefixed with a dot are R/W mounts. */
+       if (name[0] == '.') {
+               if (len == 1)
+                       return -EINVAL;
+               name++;
+               len--;
+       }
+
+       cell = afs_lookup_cell_rcu(afs_d2net(dentry), name, len);
+       if (!IS_ERR(cell)) {
+               afs_put_cell(afs_d2net(dentry), cell);
+               return 0;
+       }
+
+       ret = dns_query("afsdb", name, len, "ipv4", NULL, NULL);
+       if (ret == -ENODATA)
+               ret = -EDESTADDRREQ;
+       return ret;
+}
+
+/*
  * Try to auto mount the mountpoint with pseudo directory, if the autocell
  * operation is setted.
  */
-static struct inode *afs_try_auto_mntpt(
-       int ret, struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *dir, struct key *key,
-       struct afs_fid *fid)
+static struct inode *afs_try_auto_mntpt(struct dentry *dentry,
+                                       struct inode *dir, struct afs_fid *fid)
 {
-       const char *devname = dentry->d_name.name;
        struct afs_vnode *vnode = AFS_FS_I(dir);
        struct inode *inode;
+       int ret = -ENOENT;
 
-       _enter("%d, %p{%pd}, {%x:%u}, %p",
-              ret, dentry, dentry, vnode->fid.vid, vnode->fid.vnode, key);
+       _enter("%p{%pd}, {%x:%u}",
+              dentry, dentry, vnode->fid.vid, vnode->fid.vnode);
+
+       if (!test_bit(AFS_VNODE_AUTOCELL, &vnode->flags))
+               goto out;
 
-       if (ret != -ENOENT ||
-           !test_bit(AFS_VNODE_AUTOCELL, &vnode->flags))
+       ret = afs_probe_cell_name(dentry);
+       if (ret < 0)
                goto out;
 
-       inode = afs_iget_autocell(dir, devname, strlen(devname), key);
+       inode = afs_iget_pseudo_dir(dir->i_sb, false);
        if (IS_ERR(inode)) {
                ret = PTR_ERR(inode);
                goto out;
@@ -545,13 +592,16 @@ static struct dentry *afs_lookup(struct inode *dir, 
struct dentry *dentry,
 
        ret = afs_do_lookup(dir, dentry, &fid, key);
        if (ret < 0) {
-               inode = afs_try_auto_mntpt(ret, dentry, dir, key, &fid);
-               if (!IS_ERR(inode)) {
-                       key_put(key);
-                       goto success;
+               if (ret == -ENOENT) {
+                       inode = afs_try_auto_mntpt(dentry, dir, &fid);
+                       if (!IS_ERR(inode)) {
+                               key_put(key);
+                               goto success;
+                       }
+
+                       ret = PTR_ERR(inode);
                }
 
-               ret = PTR_ERR(inode);
                key_put(key);
                if (ret == -ENOENT) {
                        d_add(dentry, NULL);
@@ -583,12 +633,53 @@ static struct dentry *afs_lookup(struct inode *dir, 
struct dentry *dentry,
 }
 
 /*
+ * Look up an entry in a dynroot directory.
+ */
+static struct dentry *afs_dynroot_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry 
*dentry,
+                                        unsigned int flags)
+{
+       struct afs_vnode *vnode;
+       struct afs_fid fid;
+       struct inode *inode;
+       int ret;
+
+       vnode = AFS_FS_I(dir);
+
+       _enter("%pd", dentry);
+
+       ASSERTCMP(d_inode(dentry), ==, NULL);
+
+       if (dentry->d_name.len >= AFSNAMEMAX) {
+               _leave(" = -ENAMETOOLONG");
+               return ERR_PTR(-ENAMETOOLONG);
+       }
+
+       inode = afs_try_auto_mntpt(dentry, dir, &fid);
+       if (IS_ERR(inode)) {
+               ret = PTR_ERR(inode);
+               if (ret == -ENOENT) {
+                       d_add(dentry, NULL);
+                       _leave(" = NULL [negative]");
+                       return NULL;
+               }
+               _leave(" = %d [do]", ret);
+               return ERR_PTR(ret);
+       }
+
+       d_add(dentry, inode);
+       _leave(" = 0 { ino=%lu v=%u }",
+              d_inode(dentry)->i_ino, d_inode(dentry)->i_generation);
+       return NULL;
+}
+
+/*
  * check that a dentry lookup hit has found a valid entry
  * - NOTE! the hit can be a negative hit too, so we can't assume we have an
  *   inode
  */
 static int afs_d_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
 {
+       struct afs_super_info *as = dentry->d_sb->s_fs_info;
        struct afs_vnode *vnode, *dir;
        struct afs_fid uninitialized_var(fid);
        struct dentry *parent;
@@ -600,6 +691,9 @@ static int afs_d_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned 
int flags)
        if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU)
                return -ECHILD;
 
+       if (as->dyn_root)
+               return 1;
+
        if (d_really_is_positive(dentry)) {
                vnode = AFS_FS_I(d_inode(dentry));
                _enter("{v={%x:%u} n=%pd fl=%lx},",
diff --git a/fs/afs/inode.c b/fs/afs/inode.c
index 1e81864ef0b2..fee0e49abfc8 100644
--- a/fs/afs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/afs/inode.c
@@ -146,7 +146,7 @@ int afs_iget5_test(struct inode *inode, void *opaque)
  *
  * These pseudo inodes don't match anything.
  */
-static int afs_iget5_autocell_test(struct inode *inode, void *opaque)
+static int afs_iget5_pseudo_dir_test(struct inode *inode, void *opaque)
 {
        return 0;
 }
@@ -168,31 +168,34 @@ static int afs_iget5_set(struct inode *inode, void 
*opaque)
 }
 
 /*
- * inode retrieval for autocell
+ * Create an inode for a dynamic root directory or an autocell dynamic
+ * automount dir.
  */
-struct inode *afs_iget_autocell(struct inode *dir, const char *dev_name,
-                               int namesz, struct key *key)
+struct inode *afs_iget_pseudo_dir(struct super_block *sb, bool root)
 {
        struct afs_iget_data data;
        struct afs_super_info *as;
        struct afs_vnode *vnode;
-       struct super_block *sb;
        struct inode *inode;
        static atomic_t afs_autocell_ino;
 
-       _enter("{%x:%u},%*.*s,",
-              AFS_FS_I(dir)->fid.vid, AFS_FS_I(dir)->fid.vnode,
-              namesz, namesz, dev_name ?: "");
+       _enter("");
 
-       sb = dir->i_sb;
        as = sb->s_fs_info;
-       data.volume = as->volume;
-       data.fid.vid = as->volume->vid;
-       data.fid.unique = 0;
-       data.fid.vnode = 0;
+       if (as->volume) {
+               data.volume = as->volume;
+               data.fid.vid = as->volume->vid;
+       }
+       if (root) {
+               data.fid.vnode = 1;
+               data.fid.unique = 1;
+       } else {
+               data.fid.vnode = atomic_inc_return(&afs_autocell_ino);
+               data.fid.unique = 0;
+       }
 
-       inode = iget5_locked(sb, atomic_inc_return(&afs_autocell_ino),
-                            afs_iget5_autocell_test, afs_iget5_set,
+       inode = iget5_locked(sb, data.fid.vnode,
+                            afs_iget5_pseudo_dir_test, afs_iget5_set,
                             &data);
        if (!inode) {
                _leave(" = -ENOMEM");
@@ -210,7 +213,12 @@ struct inode *afs_iget_autocell(struct inode *dir, const 
char *dev_name,
 
        inode->i_size           = 0;
        inode->i_mode           = S_IFDIR | S_IRUGO | S_IXUGO;
-       inode->i_op             = &afs_autocell_inode_operations;
+       if (root) {
+               inode->i_op     = &afs_dynroot_inode_operations;
+               inode->i_fop    = &afs_dynroot_file_operations;
+       } else {
+               inode->i_op     = &afs_autocell_inode_operations;
+       }
        set_nlink(inode, 2);
        inode->i_uid            = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID;
        inode->i_gid            = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID;
@@ -222,8 +230,12 @@ struct inode *afs_iget_autocell(struct inode *dir, const 
char *dev_name,
        inode->i_generation     = 0;
 
        set_bit(AFS_VNODE_PSEUDODIR, &vnode->flags);
-       set_bit(AFS_VNODE_MOUNTPOINT, &vnode->flags);
-       inode->i_flags |= S_AUTOMOUNT | S_NOATIME;
+       if (!root) {
+               set_bit(AFS_VNODE_MOUNTPOINT, &vnode->flags);
+               inode->i_flags |= S_AUTOMOUNT;
+       }
+
+       inode->i_flags |= S_NOATIME;
        unlock_new_inode(inode);
        _leave(" = %p", inode);
        return inode;
diff --git a/fs/afs/internal.h b/fs/afs/internal.h
index 804d1f905622..f38d6a561a84 100644
--- a/fs/afs/internal.h
+++ b/fs/afs/internal.h
@@ -36,6 +36,7 @@ struct afs_mount_params {
        bool                    rwpath;         /* T if the parent should be 
considered R/W */
        bool                    force;          /* T to force cell type */
        bool                    autocell;       /* T if set auto mount 
operation */
+       bool                    dyn_root;       /* T if dynamic root */
        afs_voltype_t           type;           /* type of volume requested */
        int                     volnamesz;      /* size of volume name */
        const char              *volname;       /* name of volume to mount */
@@ -186,6 +187,7 @@ struct afs_super_info {
        struct afs_net          *net;           /* Network namespace */
        struct afs_cell         *cell;          /* The cell in which the volume 
resides */
        struct afs_volume       *volume;        /* volume record */
+       bool                    dyn_root;       /* True if dynamic root */
 };
 
 static inline struct afs_super_info *AFS_FS_S(struct super_block *sb)
@@ -634,10 +636,13 @@ extern bool afs_cm_incoming_call(struct afs_call *);
 /*
  * dir.c
  */
-extern bool afs_dir_check_page(struct inode *, struct page *);
+extern const struct file_operations afs_dir_file_operations;
 extern const struct inode_operations afs_dir_inode_operations;
+extern const struct file_operations afs_dynroot_file_operations;
+extern const struct inode_operations afs_dynroot_inode_operations;
 extern const struct dentry_operations afs_fs_dentry_operations;
-extern const struct file_operations afs_dir_file_operations;
+
+extern bool afs_dir_check_page(struct inode *, struct page *);
 
 /*
  * file.c
@@ -695,8 +700,7 @@ extern int afs_fs_get_capabilities(struct afs_net *, struct 
afs_server *,
  */
 extern int afs_fetch_status(struct afs_vnode *, struct key *);
 extern int afs_iget5_test(struct inode *, void *);
-extern struct inode *afs_iget_autocell(struct inode *, const char *, int,
-                                      struct key *);
+extern struct inode *afs_iget_pseudo_dir(struct super_block *, bool);
 extern struct inode *afs_iget(struct super_block *, struct key *,
                              struct afs_fid *, struct afs_file_status *,
                              struct afs_callback *,
diff --git a/fs/afs/mntpt.c b/fs/afs/mntpt.c
index 690fea9d84c3..99fd13500a97 100644
--- a/fs/afs/mntpt.c
+++ b/fs/afs/mntpt.c
@@ -72,7 +72,7 @@ static int afs_mntpt_open(struct inode *inode, struct file 
*file)
  */
 static struct vfsmount *afs_mntpt_do_automount(struct dentry *mntpt)
 {
-       struct afs_super_info *super;
+       struct afs_super_info *as;
        struct vfsmount *mnt;
        struct afs_vnode *vnode;
        struct page *page;
@@ -104,13 +104,13 @@ static struct vfsmount *afs_mntpt_do_automount(struct 
dentry *mntpt)
                        goto error_no_page;
 
                if (mntpt->d_name.name[0] == '.') {
-                       devname[0] = '#';
-                       memcpy(devname + 1, mntpt->d_name.name, size - 1);
+                       devname[0] = '%';
+                       memcpy(devname + 1, mntpt->d_name.name + 1, size - 1);
                        memcpy(devname + size, afs_root_cell,
                               sizeof(afs_root_cell));
                        rwpath = true;
                } else {
-                       devname[0] = '%';
+                       devname[0] = '#';
                        memcpy(devname + 1, mntpt->d_name.name, size);
                        memcpy(devname + size + 1, afs_root_cell,
                               sizeof(afs_root_cell));
@@ -142,11 +142,13 @@ static struct vfsmount *afs_mntpt_do_automount(struct 
dentry *mntpt)
        }
 
        /* work out what options we want */
-       super = AFS_FS_S(mntpt->d_sb);
-       memcpy(options, "cell=", 5);
-       strcpy(options + 5, super->volume->cell->name);
-       if (super->volume->type == AFSVL_RWVOL || rwpath)
-               strcat(options, ",rwpath");
+       as = AFS_FS_S(mntpt->d_sb);
+       if (as->cell) {
+               memcpy(options, "cell=", 5);
+               strcpy(options + 5, as->cell->name);
+               if ((as->volume && as->volume->type == AFSVL_RWVOL) || rwpath)
+                       strcat(options, ",rwpath");
+       }
 
        /* try and do the mount */
        _debug("--- attempting mount %s -o %s ---", devname, options);
diff --git a/fs/afs/super.c b/fs/afs/super.c
index 1037dd41a622..3623c952b6ff 100644
--- a/fs/afs/super.c
+++ b/fs/afs/super.c
@@ -64,6 +64,7 @@ static atomic_t afs_count_active_inodes;
 enum {
        afs_no_opt,
        afs_opt_cell,
+       afs_opt_dyn,
        afs_opt_rwpath,
        afs_opt_vol,
        afs_opt_autocell,
@@ -71,6 +72,7 @@ enum {
 
 static const match_table_t afs_options_list = {
        { afs_opt_cell,         "cell=%s"       },
+       { afs_opt_dyn,          "dyn"           },
        { afs_opt_rwpath,       "rwpath"        },
        { afs_opt_vol,          "vol=%s"        },
        { afs_opt_autocell,     "autocell"      },
@@ -148,6 +150,11 @@ static int afs_show_devname(struct seq_file *m, struct 
dentry *root)
        const char *suf = "";
        char pref = '%';
 
+       if (as->dyn_root) {
+               seq_puts(m, "none");
+               return 0;
+       }
+       
        switch (volume->type) {
        case AFSVL_RWVOL:
                break;
@@ -171,8 +178,12 @@ static int afs_show_devname(struct seq_file *m, struct 
dentry *root)
  */
 static int afs_show_options(struct seq_file *m, struct dentry *root)
 {
+       struct afs_super_info *as = AFS_FS_S(root->d_sb);
+
+       if (as->dyn_root)
+               seq_puts(m, ",dyn");
        if (test_bit(AFS_VNODE_AUTOCELL, &AFS_FS_I(d_inode(root))->flags))
-               seq_puts(m, "autocell");
+               seq_puts(m, ",autocell");
        return 0;
 }
 
@@ -212,7 +223,7 @@ static int afs_parse_options(struct afs_mount_params 
*params,
                        break;
 
                case afs_opt_rwpath:
-                       params->rwpath = 1;
+                       params->rwpath = true;
                        break;
 
                case afs_opt_vol:
@@ -220,7 +231,11 @@ static int afs_parse_options(struct afs_mount_params 
*params,
                        break;
 
                case afs_opt_autocell:
-                       params->autocell = 1;
+                       params->autocell = true;
+                       break;
+
+               case afs_opt_dyn:
+                       params->dyn_root = true;
                        break;
 
                default:
@@ -254,7 +269,7 @@ static int afs_parse_device_name(struct afs_mount_params 
*params,
        int cellnamesz;
 
        _enter(",%s", name);
-
+       
        if (!name) {
                printk(KERN_ERR "kAFS: no volume name specified\n");
                return -EINVAL;
@@ -336,7 +351,14 @@ static int afs_test_super(struct super_block *sb, void 
*data)
        struct afs_super_info *as1 = data;
        struct afs_super_info *as = AFS_FS_S(sb);
 
-       return as->net == as1->net && as->volume->vid == as1->volume->vid;
+       return (as->net == as1->net &&
+               as->volume &&
+               as->volume->vid == as1->volume->vid);
+}
+
+static int afs_dynroot_test_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data)
+{
+       return false;
 }
 
 static int afs_set_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data)
@@ -365,24 +387,30 @@ static int afs_fill_super(struct super_block *sb,
        sb->s_blocksize_bits    = PAGE_SHIFT;
        sb->s_magic             = AFS_FS_MAGIC;
        sb->s_op                = &afs_super_ops;
-       sb->s_xattr             = afs_xattr_handlers;
+       if (!as->dyn_root)
+               sb->s_xattr     = afs_xattr_handlers;
        ret = super_setup_bdi(sb);
        if (ret)
                return ret;
        sb->s_bdi->ra_pages     = VM_MAX_READAHEAD * 1024 / PAGE_SIZE;
-       sprintf(sb->s_id, "%u", as->volume->vid);
-
-       afs_activate_volume(as->volume);
 
        /* allocate the root inode and dentry */
-       fid.vid         = as->volume->vid;
-       fid.vnode       = 1;
-       fid.unique      = 1;
-       inode = afs_iget(sb, params->key, &fid, NULL, NULL, NULL);
+       if (as->dyn_root) {
+               inode = afs_iget_pseudo_dir(sb, true);
+               sb->s_flags     |= SB_RDONLY;
+       } else {
+               sprintf(sb->s_id, "%u", as->volume->vid);
+               afs_activate_volume(as->volume);
+               fid.vid         = as->volume->vid;
+               fid.vnode       = 1;
+               fid.unique      = 1;
+               inode = afs_iget(sb, params->key, &fid, NULL, NULL, NULL);
+       }
+
        if (IS_ERR(inode))
                return PTR_ERR(inode);
 
-       if (params->autocell)
+       if (params->autocell || params->dyn_root)
                set_bit(AFS_VNODE_AUTOCELL, &AFS_FS_I(inode)->flags);
 
        ret = -ENOMEM;
@@ -407,7 +435,10 @@ static struct afs_super_info *afs_alloc_sbi(struct 
afs_mount_params *params)
        as = kzalloc(sizeof(struct afs_super_info), GFP_KERNEL);
        if (as) {
                as->net = afs_get_net(params->net);
-               as->cell = afs_get_cell(params->cell);
+               if (params->dyn_root)
+                       as->dyn_root = true;
+               else
+                       as->cell = afs_get_cell(params->cell);
        }
        return as;
 }
@@ -451,18 +482,20 @@ static struct dentry *afs_mount(struct file_system_type 
*fs_type,
                        goto error;
        }
 
-       ret = afs_parse_device_name(&params, dev_name);
-       if (ret < 0)
-               goto error;
+       if (!params.dyn_root) {
+               ret = afs_parse_device_name(&params, dev_name);
+               if (ret < 0)
+                       goto error;
 
-       /* try and do the mount securely */
-       key = afs_request_key(params.cell);
-       if (IS_ERR(key)) {
-               _leave(" = %ld [key]", PTR_ERR(key));
-               ret = PTR_ERR(key);
-               goto error;
+               /* try and do the mount securely */
+               key = afs_request_key(params.cell);
+               if (IS_ERR(key)) {
+                       _leave(" = %ld [key]", PTR_ERR(key));
+                       ret = PTR_ERR(key);
+                       goto error;
+               }
+               params.key = key;
        }
-       params.key = key;
 
        /* allocate a superblock info record */
        ret = -ENOMEM;
@@ -470,20 +503,25 @@ static struct dentry *afs_mount(struct file_system_type 
*fs_type,
        if (!as)
                goto error_key;
 
-       /* Assume we're going to need a volume record; at the very least we can
-        * use it to update the volume record if we have one already.  This
-        * checks that the volume exists within the cell.
-        */
-       candidate = afs_create_volume(&params);
-       if (IS_ERR(candidate)) {
-               ret = PTR_ERR(candidate);
-               goto error_as;
-       }
+       if (!params.dyn_root) {
+               /* Assume we're going to need a volume record; at the very
+                * least we can use it to update the volume record if we have
+                * one already.  This checks that the volume exists within the
+                * cell.
+                */
+               candidate = afs_create_volume(&params);
+               if (IS_ERR(candidate)) {
+                       ret = PTR_ERR(candidate);
+                       goto error_as;
+               }
 
-       as->volume = candidate;
+               as->volume = candidate;
+       }
 
        /* allocate a deviceless superblock */
-       sb = sget(fs_type, afs_test_super, afs_set_super, flags, as);
+       sb = sget(fs_type,
+                 as->dyn_root ? afs_dynroot_test_super : afs_test_super,
+                 afs_set_super, flags, as);
        if (IS_ERR(sb)) {
                ret = PTR_ERR(sb);
                goto error_as;
@@ -529,9 +567,11 @@ static void afs_kill_super(struct super_block *sb)
        /* Clear the callback interests (which will do ilookup5) before
         * deactivating the superblock.
         */
-       afs_clear_callback_interests(as->net, as->volume->servers);
+       if (as->volume)
+               afs_clear_callback_interests(as->net, as->volume->servers);
        kill_anon_super(sb);
-       afs_deactivate_volume(as->volume);
+       if (as->volume)
+               afs_deactivate_volume(as->volume);
        afs_destroy_sbi(as);
 }
 
@@ -619,12 +659,24 @@ static void afs_destroy_inode(struct inode *inode)
  */
 static int afs_statfs(struct dentry *dentry, struct kstatfs *buf)
 {
+       struct afs_super_info *as = AFS_FS_S(dentry->d_sb);
        struct afs_fs_cursor fc;
        struct afs_volume_status vs;
        struct afs_vnode *vnode = AFS_FS_I(d_inode(dentry));
        struct key *key;
        int ret;
 
+       buf->f_type     = dentry->d_sb->s_magic;
+       buf->f_bsize    = AFS_BLOCK_SIZE;
+       buf->f_namelen  = AFSNAMEMAX - 1;
+
+       if (as->dyn_root) {
+               buf->f_blocks   = 1;
+               buf->f_bavail   = 0;
+               buf->f_bfree    = 0;
+               return 0;
+       }
+       
        key = afs_request_key(vnode->volume->cell);
        if (IS_ERR(key))
                return PTR_ERR(key);
@@ -645,10 +697,6 @@ static int afs_statfs(struct dentry *dentry, struct 
kstatfs *buf)
        key_put(key);
 
        if (ret == 0) {
-               buf->f_type     = dentry->d_sb->s_magic;
-               buf->f_bsize    = AFS_BLOCK_SIZE;
-               buf->f_namelen  = AFSNAMEMAX - 1;
-
                if (vs.max_quota == 0)
                        buf->f_blocks = vs.part_max_blocks;
                else
diff --git a/net/dns_resolver/dns_query.c b/net/dns_resolver/dns_query.c
index af781010753b..49da67034f29 100644
--- a/net/dns_resolver/dns_query.c
+++ b/net/dns_resolver/dns_query.c
@@ -52,11 +52,11 @@
  * @name: Name to look up
  * @namelen: Length of name
  * @options: Request options (or NULL if no options)
- * @_result: Where to place the returned data.
+ * @_result: Where to place the returned data (or NULL)
  * @_expiry: Where to store the result expiry time (or NULL)
  *
- * The data will be returned in the pointer at *result, and the caller is
- * responsible for freeing it.
+ * The data will be returned in the pointer at *result, if provided, and the
+ * caller is responsible for freeing it.
  *
  * The description should be of the form "[<query_type>:]<domain_name>", and
  * the options need to be appropriate for the query type requested.  If no
@@ -81,7 +81,7 @@ int dns_query(const char *type, const char *name, size_t 
namelen,
        kenter("%s,%*.*s,%zu,%s",
               type, (int)namelen, (int)namelen, name, namelen, options);
 
-       if (!name || namelen == 0 || !_result)
+       if (!name || namelen == 0)
                return -EINVAL;
 
        /* construct the query key description as "[<type>:]<name>" */
@@ -146,13 +146,15 @@ int dns_query(const char *type, const char *name, size_t 
namelen,
        upayload = user_key_payload_locked(rkey);
        len = upayload->datalen;
 
-       ret = -ENOMEM;
-       *_result = kmalloc(len + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
-       if (!*_result)
-               goto put;
+       if (_result) {
+               ret = -ENOMEM;
+               *_result = kmalloc(len + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
+               if (!*_result)
+                       goto put;
 
-       memcpy(*_result, upayload->data, len);
-       (*_result)[len] = '\0';
+               memcpy(*_result, upayload->data, len);
+               (*_result)[len] = '\0';
+       }
 
        if (_expiry)
                *_expiry = rkey->expiry;

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