Despite the efforts made to correctly read the NDA and CUBC registers,
the order in which the registers are read could sometimes lead to an
inconsistent state.

Re-using the timeline from the comments, this following timing of
registers reads could lead to reading NDA with value "@desc2" and
CUBC with value "MAX desc1":

 INITD --------                    ------------
       _______________________  _______________
 NDA       @desc2             \/   @desc3
       __________  ___________  _______________
 CUBC       0    \/ MAX desc1 \/  MAX desc2
        |  |          |  |
Events:(1)(2)        (3)(4)

(1) check_nda = @desc2
(2) initd = 1
(3) cur_ubc = MAX desc1
(4) cur_nda = @desc2

This is allowed by the condition ((check_nda == cur_nda) && initd),
despite cur_ubc and cur_nda being in the precise state we don't want.

This error leads to incorrect residue computation.

Fix it by inversing the order in which CUBC and INITD are read. This
makes sure that NDA and CUBC are always read together either _before_
INITD goes to 0 or _after_ it is back at 1.
The case where NDA is read before INITD is at 0 and CUBC is read after
INITD is back at 1 will be rejected by check_nda and cur_nda being

Fixes: 53398f488821 ("dmaengine: at_xdmac: fix residue corruption")
Signed-off-by: Maxime Jayat <>

I had a bug where the serial ports on the Atmel SAMA5D2 were sometimes
returning the same data twice, for up to 4096 bytes.

After investigation, I noticed that the ring buffer used in
atmel_serial (in rx dma mode) had sometimes a incorrect "head" value,
which made the ring buffer do a complete extraneous loop of data
pushed to the tty layer.

I tracked it down to the residue of the dma being wrong, and after
more head scratching, I found this bug in the reading of the

Before fixing this, I was able to reproduce the bug reliably in a few
minutes. With this patch applied, the bug did not reappear after
several hours in testing.

 drivers/dma/at_xdmac.c | 4 ++--
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/dma/at_xdmac.c b/drivers/dma/at_xdmac.c
index c00e3923d7d8..94236ec9d410 100644
--- a/drivers/dma/at_xdmac.c
+++ b/drivers/dma/at_xdmac.c
@@ -1471,10 +1471,10 @@ at_xdmac_tx_status(struct dma_chan *chan, dma_cookie_t 
        for (retry = 0; retry < AT_XDMAC_RESIDUE_MAX_RETRIES; retry++) {
                check_nda = at_xdmac_chan_read(atchan, AT_XDMAC_CNDA) & 
-               initd = !!(at_xdmac_chan_read(atchan, AT_XDMAC_CC) & 
-               rmb();
                cur_ubc = at_xdmac_chan_read(atchan, AT_XDMAC_CUBC);
+               initd = !!(at_xdmac_chan_read(atchan, AT_XDMAC_CC) & 
+               rmb();
                cur_nda = at_xdmac_chan_read(atchan, AT_XDMAC_CNDA) & 

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