On 03/05/2018 04:41 PM, Alexander Duyck wrote:
On Mon, Mar 5, 2018 at 12:57 PM, Don Dutile <ddut...@redhat.com> wrote:
On 03/01/2018 03:22 PM, Alex Williamson wrote:

On Wed, 28 Feb 2018 16:36:38 -0800
Alexander Duyck <alexander.du...@gmail.com> wrote:

On Wed, Feb 28, 2018 at 2:59 PM, Alex Williamson
<alex.william...@redhat.com> wrote:

On Wed, 28 Feb 2018 09:49:21 -0800
Alexander Duyck <alexander.du...@gmail.com> wrote:

On Tue, Feb 27, 2018 at 2:25 PM, Alexander Duyck
<alexander.du...@gmail.com> wrote:

On Tue, Feb 27, 2018 at 1:40 PM, Alex Williamson
<alex.william...@redhat.com> wrote:

On Tue, 27 Feb 2018 11:06:54 -0800
Alexander Duyck <alexander.du...@gmail.com> wrote:

From: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.du...@intel.com>

This patch is meant to add support for SR-IOV on devices when the
VFs are
not managed by the kernel. Examples of recent patches attempting to
do this

It appears to enable sriov when the _pf_ is not managed by the
kernel, but by "managed" we mean that either there is no pf driver or
the pf driver doesn't provide an sriov_configure callback,
intentionally or otherwise.

virto - https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10241225/
pci-stub - https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10109935/
vfio - https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10103353/
uio - https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/9974031/

So is the goal to get around the issues with enabling sriov on each
the above drivers by doing it under the covers or are you really just
trying to enable sriov for a truly unmanage (no pf driver) case?  For
example, should a driver explicitly not wanting sriov enabled
a dummy sriov_configure function?

Since this is quickly blowing up into a multi-driver problem it is
best to implement this solution in one spot.

This patch is an attempt to do that. What we do with this patch is
a generic call to enable SR-IOV in the case that the PF driver is
not present, or the PF driver doesn't support configuring SR-IOV.

A new sysfs value called sriov_unmanaged_autoprobe has been added.
value is used as the drivers_autoprobe setting of the VFs when they
being managed by an external entity such as userspace or device
instead of being managed by the kernel.

Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-pci update is missing.

I can make sure to update that in the next version.

One side effect of this change is that the sriov_drivers_autoprobe
sriov_unmanaged_autoprobe will only apply their updates when SR-IOV
disabled. Attempts to update them when SR-IOV is in use will only
the local value and will not update sriov->autoprobe.

And we expect users to understand when sriov_drivers_autoprobe
vs sriov_unmanaged_autoprobe, even though they're using the same
interfaces to enable sriov?  Are all combinations expected to work,
unmanaged sriov is enabled, a native pf driver loads, vfs work?  Not
only does it seems like there's opportunity to use this incorrectly,
think maybe it might be difficult to use correctly.

I based my patch set originally on the patch by Mark Rustad but
there isn't
much left after going through and cleaning out the bits that were no
needed, and after incorporating the feedback from David Miller.

I have included the authors of the original 4 patches above in the
Cc here.
My hope is to get feedback and/or review on if this works for their

Cc: Mark Rustad <mark.d.rus...@intel.com>
Cc: Maximilian Heyne <mhe...@amazon.de>
Cc: Liang-Min Wang <liang-min.w...@intel.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <d...@amazon.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.du...@intel.com>
   drivers/pci/iov.c        |   27 +++++++++++++++++++-
   drivers/pci/pci-driver.c |    2 +
   drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c  |   62
   drivers/pci/pci.h        |    4 ++-
   include/linux/pci.h      |    1 +
   5 files changed, 86 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/pci/iov.c b/drivers/pci/iov.c
index 677924ae0350..7b8858bd8d03 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/iov.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/iov.c
@@ -446,6 +446,7 @@ static int sriov_init(struct pci_dev *dev, int
        pci_read_config_word(dev, pos + PCI_SRIOV_VF_DID,
        iov->pgsz = pgsz;
        iov->self = dev;
+     iov->autoprobe = true;
        iov->drivers_autoprobe = true;
        pci_read_config_dword(dev, pos + PCI_SRIOV_CAP, &iov->cap);
        pci_read_config_byte(dev, pos + PCI_SRIOV_FUNC_LINK,
@@ -643,8 +644,11 @@ void pci_restore_iov_state(struct pci_dev *dev)
   void pci_vf_drivers_autoprobe(struct pci_dev *dev, bool
-     if (dev->is_physfn)
+     if (dev->is_physfn) {
                dev->sriov->drivers_autoprobe = auto_probe;
+             if (!dev->sriov->num_VFs)
+                     dev->sriov->autoprobe = auto_probe;

Why is dev->sriov->autoprobe set any time other than immediately
to enabling VFs?

My concern here was drivers that are still floating around with the
old module parameter option for enabling SR-IOV. In the unlikely event
that somebody was to use such a driver I wanted to make certain that
the drivers_autoprobe state was pre-populated.

Good point, but maybe that just means we should be setting it in

I suppose we could. I would just have to check and see if we have any
drivers lurking out there that are supporting SR-IOV without
supporting the sysfs approach. As long as that is the case we could
probably put it there.

+     }

@@ -703,6 +707,27 @@ void pci_disable_sriov(struct pci_dev *dev)

+ * pci_sriov_configure_unmanaged - helper to configure unmanaged
+ * @dev: the PCI device
+ * @nr_virtfn: number of virtual functions to enable, 0 to disable
+ *
+ * Used to provide generic enable/disable SR-IOV option for devices
+ * that do not manage the VFs generated by their driver, or have no
+ * driver present.
+ */
+int pci_sriov_configure_unmanaged(struct pci_dev *dev, int
+     int rc = 0;
+     if (!nr_virtfn)
+             pci_disable_sriov(dev);
+     else
+             rc = pci_enable_sriov(dev, nr_virtfn);
+     return rc ? rc : nr_virtfn;
    * pci_num_vf - return number of VFs associated with a PF
    * @dev: the PCI device
diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c b/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
index 3bed6beda051..2cc68dff6130 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
@@ -398,7 +398,7 @@ void __weak pcibios_free_irq(struct pci_dev
   #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_IOV
   static inline bool pci_device_can_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev)
-     return (!pdev->is_virtfn ||
+     return (!pdev->is_virtfn || pdev->physfn->sriov->autoprobe);
   static inline bool pci_device_can_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev)
diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c b/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c
index eb6bee8724cc..e701b6dbc267 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c
@@ -605,6 +605,7 @@ static ssize_t sriov_numvfs_store(struct device
                                  struct device_attribute *attr,
                                  const char *buf, size_t count)
+     int (*sriov_configure)(struct pci_dev *dev, int num_vfs);
        struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev);
        int ret;
        u16 num_vfs;
@@ -622,15 +623,20 @@ static ssize_t sriov_numvfs_store(struct
device *dev,
                goto exit;

        /* is PF driver loaded w/callback */
-     if (!pdev->driver || !pdev->driver->sriov_configure) {
-             pci_info(pdev, "Driver doesn't support SRIOV
configuration via sysfs\n");
-             ret = -ENOENT;
-             goto exit;
-     }
+     if (pdev->driver && pdev->driver->sriov_configure)
+             sriov_configure = pdev->driver->sriov_configure;
+     else
+             sriov_configure = pci_sriov_configure_unmanaged;

So an unwitting user is now able to enable vfs, independent of the
pf... the trouble being that they're probably going to expect them to
work and the more common case is that they won't.  For instance, what
can you do with an igbvf when igb isn't managing the pf?

Well the VFs wouldn't be able to do anything. Basically they would be
sitting there with no driver loaded on them unless they are assigned
to a guest, or the root user had enabled the unmanaged option. If you
did load a driver on it the VF would sit there with link down unless
either the PF driver is loaded or some user-space entity steps in to
start managing the PF.

In reality this can already happen as last I recall igb and ixgbe were
already capable of having the PF driver removed when SR-IOV was
enabled and VFs were assigned. Basically the VFs just report link down
and don't do anything. Reloading the PF driver would have it take over
in the case of igb and ixgbe since they were designed to handle that
type of scenario.

I think only ixgbe behaves this way between the two, igb disables sriov
in its remove function unless we're hung up by that silly
pci_vfs_assigned() check, which doesn't apply to vfio assignment.
Regardless, yes, some pf drivers do leave sriov enabled on remove,
whether that's useful or reasonable is another question.

Right. We can argue that another day. I was just sighting the igb

Or what happens when vfio-pci owns the pf, sriov is enabled via the
unmanaged interface, and the pf user driver segfaults and gets
causing vfio-pci to restore the pf state, including wiping the sriov

Wiping the config shouldn't have any effect on the allocated VF pci
devices. It will cause the VFs to act as though they have fallen off
of the bus though and the guests would see a surprise remove type
behavior if I am not mistaken. The MMIO and config accesses would fail
until the SR-IOV configuration is restored. Really this shouldn't be a
problem as long as the SR-IOV is enabled prior to loading the vfio-pci
driver as I would assume it would restore the state an re-enable

Nope, sriov does not appear to be part of the device state saved and
restored around reset, so I think we just end up in an inconsistent
state.  Also, vfio-pci stores a copy of the saved state of a device
prior to giving the user access to the device and tries to restore that
copy when released by the user, so anything that's part of the save
state and modified via side-channels while the device is opened, would
still be lost.

Well it is but it isn't. The pci_restore_state will call
pci_restore_iov_state which will just repopulate the data straight out
of the pdev->sriov structure. I think the assumption is we were
already carrying enough information that there wasn't any point in
saving the state since we could just restore it from that structure

Ah, right, I remember that now.

I've been chasing it down and can verify that much this morning after
testing. A regular hit of the sysfs reset control will not erase the

Perhaps long term, but momentarily the vf disappears and that could
imply data loss, no?

One issue that I think I found that may be a bug though is if I
load the vfio-pci driver on an interface and unbind it I am seeing the
port state reset. I have it chased down to the idle D3 code. It looks
like going from vfio_pci_probe to vfio_pci_remove is triggering the
equivilent of the pci_pm_reset since it is cycling me through
D0->D3->D0 without restoring state after the fact. I also verified
that setting disable_idle_d3 resolves the issue. Would you have any
complaints about me doing a save_state in the probe call, and a
restore_state in the remove? It seems like that should probably be the
easiest fix.

Hmm, perhaps I had assumed that pci_set_power_state() would handle such
things, but indeed I do see other drivers calling pci_save_state()
prior and pci_restore_state() after.  I think we'd need to audit all of
vfio-pci's calls to pci_set_power_state(), not just probe and remove.

In the grand scheme of things how would the situation you describe be
any different than someone using the "reset" sysfs control on the PF
while using SR-IOV with driver supported SR-IOV?

Similar, but the pf driver has enabled sriov and can register the
reset_done error handler to be notified to re-enable sriov or perform
other cleanup.  If the pf driver is not participating in sriov, it
would seem exceptional to support this.  Triggering reset via sysfs
also falls more closely to shooting yourself in the foot than I think
we want to design into driver/subsystem APIs.

To some extent I agree with the shooting yourself in the foot. At the
same time there isn't actually all that much to re-enable SR-IOV.
Restoring the PCI SR-IOV configuration space and re-enabling the bus
master enable.

Bus master is a pretty interesting example of the trivial control a pf
driver can exert on the vfs though.

The Amazon guys would probably know better than I since I haven't
really worked much with one of these parts yet. Actually the virtio
that Mark pushed may behave the same way too. As far as I know in
these firmware cases the hardware itself has everything
pre-partitioned and set to re-enable as soon as the SR-IOV bits are
set. I think all they need is a few bits toggled and they are pretty
much good to go.

Are they just looking for an sriov capable stub driver?  With
increasing vf counts, being able to use something like vfio-pci on the
pf seems like all risk with statistically insignificant increase in
density.  On the other hand, if there's a userspace pf management
driver, why not just make it trusted by adding it as a native host
kernel driver?  If we're talking about tainting the host kernel to
enable this interaction, maybe it should just be tainted by an out of
tree, possibly non-gpl host pf driver anyway.  There can't really be a
case where the pf would be used by an average user without some degree
of privilege or cooperation, right?

I suppose if you really wanted we could add a new call that you could
put into the sriov_configure pointer that would just make it always
return error. Then that way the configuration could be locked until
the driver is unloaded.

I guess I don't understand how vfs can operate fully independent of
pf and why vfio-pci wouldn't just implement a dummy sriov_configure
avoid contending with such issues.

This approach isn't without risk, but it isn't as if it is really a
new risk we are introducing, and we could do further work to help
smooth out issues like this. Much of this depends on the design of the
device and the drivers involved. What is happening in this case is
that the VFs are managed outside of the kernel itself either by some
user-space entity or by a firmware entity.

But we can't simply split vfs and pfs as separate resources, the vf is
dependent on the pf and that implies a privilege hierarchy, if not at
least cooperation.  The pf driver can intentionally or unintentionally
disconnect the vfs at any point in time, possibly leading to data loss
or at least denial of service for the vf consumer.  I also don't trust
that there aren't numerous sriov implementations where the pf isn't
privileged to the point of being able to snoop data from the vf.  So
what sort of usage models are we enabling for the vf?  A firmware owned
vf subject to these conditions seems mostly pointless.

In the case of these sort of parts the PF isn't really all that
privileged. Usually the PF is just a VF with the SR-IOV capability
hanging off of it. I suspect the only thing that might outright
control anything would be the bus master enable bit. Everything else
could be independent. The PF driver in such cases doesn't do much. It
is basically just the host for the configuration space.

This is sounding more like an sriov capable stub driver.  Certainly not
all pfs behave the way you describe above, many are significantly more
privileged and even if not, bus master is a pretty trivial control
point.  So we probably need a driver that claims devices known to
behave this way, or a meta driver that bind via dynamic IDs or
driver_override.  The proposal here sort of covertly turns anything
that's not an sriov driver into that stub driver with no guarantee that
the subverted driver is a willing or safe participant.

So I was thinking about this some more. In the case of vfio-pci things
are a bit different since you are essentially taking a given device
and handing it to a VM or userspace and it doesn't guarantee a
communication between the two.

Doesn't guarantee communication or cooperation or even trust.

Right, but at the same time I consider this to be a shoot yourself in
the foot type scenario. If you are going to hand off your PF while VFs
are active then you are asking for whatever repercussions you end up
getting. I've added a warning and a TAINT_USER flag to my code at this
point if you load an active PF in vfio, and I have added a function
that locks the setting so it cannot be changed once we place a PF in
the control of vfio-pci.

The way I see it there are two scenarios. One where the PF is just a
VF with an extra bit of SR-IOV configuration space floating off of it.
The other is where we want to have SR-IOV enabled and have some third
party managing the PF.  The first one doesn't really care about the
communication and would prefer that whatever owns the driver on the PF
just ignore the SR-IOV portion of the configuration space. The second
one actually cares and would want some sort of
communication/cooperation but for now I don't see that as being the
easiest thing to do so it might be best to just let it see a fixed
number of VFs it just has to work with that.

There's no such thing as a read-only sriov capability in the spec,
which is a problem we ran into a while ago, vfio-pci exposes the
capability, but protects it as read-only so the user cannot create
devices on the host.  QEMU passed this through to the guest, but that
failed as soon as OVMF started supporting sriov as it's unable to size
the VF BAR resources.  Now QEMU drops the sriov capability from the
guest capability chain.  So it's not clear how this fixed number of vfs
plan works.  Are we inventing our own capability for this?  If the pf
driver is just a userspace driver and not a VM, maybe what we do now is
sufficient, otherwise there's no standard for exposing fixed vfs.

My thought is to look at making SR-IOV configuration static or treat
it as read-only when the vfio-pci driver is loaded on a given
interface. In addition I would set the TAINT_USER flag and add a
warning about loading vfio-pci on an active PF, and provide the number
of VFs that were allocated.

The idea with all of this being that we would at least have a partial
lock on all of this so that you can allocate some number of VFs, and
then start partitioning things up where you could assign the PF and
VFs as needed to the various interfaces. Once the PF is assigned to
the vfio-pci driver it would be locked in terms of the number of VFs
that are provided so there would be no need for an extra communication
channel between the PF driver and the host to deal with changes.


Is an sriov configuration ever static?  vfio is the most prolific user
of the pci reset interfaces, AFAIK.  Even if we add support for
restoring the sriov configuration and even if the pf user isn't trying
to be malicious, vf users would need to be prepared for their device
arbitrarily dropping off the bus, mmio randomly (from their
perspective) being disabled, and maybe other side-effects of the user
just trying to use the pf device.  Is there even any guarantee that a
pf driver can operate identically, regardless of the state of sriov on
the pf?  It seems like the pf driver needs to be aware of which queues
are available for itself vs the vfs in some designs.  Is there still
long term value in a solution for this if the kernel is tainted?

As far as the device randomly resetting I don't really see how that is
any different from what we already have in terms of solutions
including stuff supported by in-driver SR-IOV. The Intel drivers are
notorious for resetting for any little thing like an MTU change. Us
resetting due to someone calling open/release on an interface wouldn't
be anything new. In addition AER can always hit us too. Yes we don't
have the same recovery mechanisms in place, but in the case of
something such as this we probably don't need that complex of a
recovery setup.

[I think below paragraph is specifically answering last question above,
still long term value in kernel tainting solution]

I would think there probably is. If not we wouldn't have gotten the
patches earlier that were still doing the tainting and warning and
making use of the vfio-pci driver to enable SR-IOV. I suspect the use
case for all this is to enable SR-IOV, setup the PF in vfio-pci, and
then assign VFs into and out of guests. I don't see the PF doing a lot
of moving after it is setup. The taint flag only really applies if
someone is looking for support and quite honestly I figure for now the
USER flag is appropriate for this kind of thing since we are deferring
all the networking control to the PF which is managed by userspace.

If we're going to throw up our hands and taint the kernel, then maybe
we could entertain the idea of doing that in a trivial vfio-pci
sriov_configure function.  But does that really meet all the use cases
and what's the advantage of that vs Amazon (I guess they're the driver
here) tainting the kernel with their own driver?  Mellanox has tried to
enable sriov in vfio-pci in the past, Cc Ilya.

Minimally, it seems like the pf driver (the user driver, not vfio-pci)
needs to be a cooperating party in this exchange.  How do we determine
that and what QoS guarantees are they providing by agreeing to it?

I think the general idea here is that the user has already tested this
out and determined for themselves that the user driver does what they
want/need. If it didn't they wouldn't be going to all these lengths to
set this up.

Otherwise it doesn't seem like sriov provides the sort of static, hard
partitioning of the device that you're asking for.  A vf is a piece of
the pf and we've released ownership and control of the pf to a user.


I am pretty sure that you are describing is true of some, but not for
all. I think the Amazon solutions and the virtio solution are doing
hard partitioning of the part. I will leave it to those guys to speak
for themselves since I don't know anything about the hardware design
of those parts.

I think we'd need device specific knowledge and enablement to be able
to take advantage of any hardware partitioning, otherwise we need to
assume the pf is privileged, as implemented in other sriov devices.

I'm also trying to imagine whether there's a solution via the new
vfio/mdev interface, where the mdev vendor driver would bind to the pf
and effectively present itself as the mdev device.  The vendor driver
could provide sriov capabilities and bear the burden of ensuring that
the pf is used cooperatively.  The only existing mdev vendor drivers are
vGPUs and rely on on-device DMA translation and isolation, such as
through GTTs, but there have been some thoughts on providing IOMMU based
isolation of mdev/sriov mixed devices (assuming DMA is even required
for userspace management of the pf in this use case).  [Cc Kirti]


Apologies for getting to this party late.

My 2 cents:

I think a stub driver is needed for security reasons.
Multiple reasons/cases stated in the thread to (continue to) follow that
    ... and wondering why pci-stub isn't enhanced to do just that, since
        it's already used in device-assignment tasks (VM or DPDK).

There was an attempt to update pci-stub:

One issue with using pci-stub is it doesn't address the security
issues needed if an IOMMU is enabled. For that reason I think vfio-pci
might be a better choice, and that is why my v2 is based around it.

Sorry, not seeing why pci-stub has an IOMMU issue and vfio-pci does not,
at least from a security point of view.
vfio-pci is far-more savvy wrt IOMMU groups, and that can be viewed as a 
check, so if that's what you mean, I'll buy that vowel.
Otherwise, plse shine (more) light on yonder window ...

For my v2 of this patch set I dropped the pure generic solution and
instead just updated virtio and vfio-pci in order to meet the needs as
called out in the previous patch sets.

virtio is needed? ...
More stuff I need to dig into...

   -- pf devices that have drivers that coordinate don't need pci-stub;
      pf devices w/no drivers get assigned to pci-stub, then VF's are

Yeah, my first attempt at this was to avoid doing what I consider to
be somewhat ridiculous things like adding SR-IOV support to
virtio_net. It didn't seem right to me but in the grand scheme of
things that ends up kind of being the way we have to go in order to
put some boundaries on when/where SR-IOV can be enabled.

It seems to me we are bending backwards for an unprivileged, PF driver use case
that should is the muck of doing all of this... IMO... :-p

mdev wrapping of VFs doesn't (re)solve device-specific needs/extensions
for VF migration either.
PF-device-specific needs should be handled by a PF driver;
if no PF driver, then assuming no device-specific need exists, and using
non-device-specific, common pci-stub VF handling

The issue here is how do you classify that there is no common PF
driver, or is this something that would be decided by the user?

pci bus code checks *after* full bus scan & driver-matching/load
if a (PF) pci-dev has VF's (sriov cfg block), and no PF driver attached.
if some (I don't agree should exist -- see IMO above) user-space PF wants
to be used, unconfigure the vfio-pci driver from the PF first (another simple 
Not a priviledged user?.... ah, another reason _not_ to allow userspace PF.

Also I don't know if this addresses the needs fro the DPDK crowd to
enable a userspace PF driver?

and why do we suddenly think that an (unprivileged) userspace PF driver in the
*host* (not a bounded/controlled guest VM) should be allowed to control a 
... because DPDK is 'a good citizen'?  bug free?!?
Sorry, IMO, make a PF stub for VF assignment.

-- even w/pci-quirk hooks/workarounds if they need to be added.
Finally, if an ah-ha moment is reached that concludes with the
need for a PF driver to handle device-specific issues, the pci-stub VF
functions may provide the guide/framework for such hastily put together PF
minimizing PF driver variances for sriov handling.

I'm not sure I followed this part. Are you saying the pci-stub driver
gets used as a template essentially for creating a PF driver if
That's what I was eluding to.  Help those who think a PF stub driver for the 
is so onerous.
... and no, I don't agree with the idea of a DPDK PF driver being 
asynchronously built
and used wrt a kernel (version). IMO, that's another fault in that strategy.

Although a temporary disconnect is handled/emulated well in the (e)net
I also don't think it's an issue for storage, as I would expect two
situations to occur
wrt data-loss scenarios:
a) a PF device has a kernel driver, and it has to handle the up/down of a VF
b) the PF is quiesced -- no device-specific kernel driver --
    and there is no VF loss due to PF resetting b/c there
    is no need to reset PF -- pci-stub providing stable, kernel config.
    Per VF data loss is always an issue for storage interconnects
     (unless they are net-based, like iSCSI, RDMA, etc.) which is handled
     at the VF driver or layer above it.

- Don

My concern is we are starting to see a third option here. A PF that
has a kernel driver, but knows nothing of SR-IOV as it is completely
managed by firmware. An example being the virtio_net that somehow
knows how to do SR-IOV (https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10241225/).
My understanding is that the part in question is providing a
lightweight PF that is essentially just another VF, but has some extra
PCIe configuration space to it allowing for SR-IOV and AER
So, give it a light-wt PF driver.
Maybe I'd appreciate this issue better if I understood how 'managed by 
firmware' is implemented.

In addition we are also seeing customer scenarios where things like
DPDK are running as the PF with kernel VFs. Ideally we want to contain
that as much as possible and my understanding is that igb_uio
currently isn't really providing much in the way of containment.
uh hum... q.e.d.!

- Alex

IMO, the tail(DPDK; fw?) is wagging the dog(kernel) here.

Either, we can add a light-wt, PF stub driver that does VF assignment
for a conforming PF design (and just keep adding vid/did's to it over time),
or that design is taken, tweaked and a new PF 'lightweight driver' is created
to handle the hacking/workaround that needs to be done for a PF.

'Device-assignment' (properly) assumes the PF is in the control/host domain,
and VFs are 'given' to a non-privileged, managed domain (managed by the 
control/host domain).
I don't see how you maintain security if the PF isn't in the control/host 

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