# [PATCH AUTOSEL for 4.4 009/101] pwm: tegra: Increase precision in PWM rate calculation

```From: Laxman Dewangan <ldewan...@nvidia.com>

[ Upstream commit 250b76f43f57d578ebff5e7211eb2c73aa5cd6ca ]```
```
The rate of the PWM calculated as follows:

hz = NSEC_PER_SEC / period_ns;
rate = (rate + (hz / 2)) / hz;

This has the precision loss in lower PWM rate.

Change this to have more precision as:

hz = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST_ULL(NSEC_PER_SEC * 100, period_ns);
rate = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(rate * 100, hz)

Example:

1. period_ns = 16672000, PWM clock rate is 200 KHz.

Based on old formula
hz = NSEC_PER_SEC / period_ns
= 1000000000ul/16672000
= 59 (59.98)
rate = (200K + 59/2)/59 = 3390

Based on new method:
hz = 5998
rate = DIV_ROUND_CLOSE(200000*100, 5998) = 3334

If we measure the PWM signal rate, we will get more accurate
period with rate value of 3334 instead of 3390.

2.  period_ns = 16803898, PWM clock rate is 200 KHz.

Based on old formula:
hz = 59, rate = 3390

Based on new formula:
hz = 5951, rate = 3360

The PWM signal rate of 3360 is more near to requested period
than 3333.

Signed-off-by: Laxman Dewangan <ldewan...@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Thierry Reding <thierry.red...@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <alexander.le...@microsoft.com>
---
drivers/pwm/pwm-tegra.c | 7 +++++--
1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/pwm/pwm-tegra.c b/drivers/pwm/pwm-tegra.c
index d4de0607b502..3039fb762893 100644
--- a/drivers/pwm/pwm-tegra.c
+++ b/drivers/pwm/pwm-tegra.c
@@ -69,6 +69,7 @@ static int tegra_pwm_config(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct
pwm_device *pwm,
struct tegra_pwm_chip *pc = to_tegra_pwm_chip(chip);
unsigned long long c;
unsigned long rate, hz;
+       unsigned long long ns100 = NSEC_PER_SEC;
u32 val = 0;
int err;

@@ -87,9 +88,11 @@ static int tegra_pwm_config(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct
pwm_device *pwm,
* cycles at the PWM clock rate will take period_ns nanoseconds.
*/
rate = clk_get_rate(pc->clk) >> PWM_DUTY_WIDTH;
-       hz = NSEC_PER_SEC / period_ns;

-       rate = (rate + (hz / 2)) / hz;
+       /* Consider precision in PWM_SCALE_WIDTH rate calculation */
+       ns100 *= 100;
+       hz = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST_ULL(ns100, period_ns);
+       rate = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(rate * 100, hz);

/*
* Since the actual PWM divider is the register's frequency divider
--
2.14.1
```