3.16.56-rc1 review patch. If anyone has any objections, please let me know.
------------------ From: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lenda...@amd.com> commit 28d437d550e1e39f805d99f9f8ac399c778827b7 upstream. The PAUSE instruction is currently used in the retpoline and RSB filling macros as a speculation trap. The use of PAUSE was originally suggested because it showed a very, very small difference in the amount of cycles/time used to execute the retpoline as compared to LFENCE. On AMD, the PAUSE instruction is not a serializing instruction, so the pause/jmp loop will use excess power as it is speculated over waiting for return to mispredict to the correct target. The RSB filling macro is applicable to AMD, and, if software is unable to verify that LFENCE is serializing on AMD (possible when running under a hypervisor), the generic retpoline support will be used and, so, is also applicable to AMD. Keep the current usage of PAUSE for Intel, but add an LFENCE instruction to the speculation trap for AMD. The same sequence has been adopted by GCC for the GCC generated retpolines. Signed-off-by: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lenda...@amd.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <t...@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <b...@alien8.de> Acked-by: David Woodhouse <d...@amazon.co.uk> Acked-by: Arjan van de Ven <ar...@linux.intel.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <r...@redhat.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <a...@linux.intel.com> Cc: Paul Turner <p...@google.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <pet...@infradead.org> Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.c...@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jiri Kosina <ji...@kernel.org> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.han...@intel.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <l...@kernel.org> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoim...@redhat.com> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.willi...@intel.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torva...@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gre...@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Kees Cook <keesc...@google.com> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180113232730.31060.36287.st...@tlendack-t1.amdoffice.net Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <b...@decadent.org.uk> --- arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h | 6 +++++- 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-) --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h @@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ * Fill the CPU return stack buffer. * * Each entry in the RSB, if used for a speculative 'ret', contains an - * infinite 'pause; jmp' loop to capture speculative execution. + * infinite 'pause; lfence; jmp' loop to capture speculative execution. * * This is required in various cases for retpoline and IBRS-based * mitigations for the Spectre variant 2 vulnerability. Sometimes to @@ -38,11 +38,13 @@ call 772f; \ 773: /* speculation trap */ \ pause; \ + lfence; \ jmp 773b; \ 772: \ call 774f; \ 775: /* speculation trap */ \ pause; \ + lfence; \ jmp 775b; \ 774: \ dec reg; \ @@ -60,6 +62,7 @@ call .Ldo_rop_\@ .Lspec_trap_\@: pause + lfence jmp .Lspec_trap_\@ .Ldo_rop_\@: mov \reg, (%_ASM_SP) @@ -142,6 +145,7 @@ " .align 16\n" \ "901: call 903f;\n" \ "902: pause;\n" \ + " lfence;\n" \ " jmp 902b;\n" \ " .align 16\n" \ "903: addl $4, %%esp;\n" \