On Mar 12, 2018, at 9:30 AM, mario.limoncie...@dell.com wrote:

I think the missing aspect is that this is only used in AIO and laptop form
factors where the discrete graphics is in a non-removable form factor.

Why we are not checking if kernel is running on AIO or laptop form
factor then? Or it is not possible?

Kai Heng, can you please confirm if AIO sets chassis type properly?
It should be 0Dh.

If so, then I think as second check for chassis type should be possible for
next version of this patch.

The chassis type is correctly set as 0Dh on AIOs.

Basically what I see there is that we need to detect if current HW
platform has switchable graphics and check how is configured AUDIO MUX.

But instead of directly checking hw state of audio MUX, we are trying to
check something different which could get us information of state of the
audio mux.

I suspect that we do not have a way how to check audio MUX directly, so
it needs to be done indirectly -- via some Dell SMBIOS call and some
other heuristic. This is something which should be specified either in
comment or in commit message (problem of type: we need X, but check for

And if we are doing this check indirectly, we should do the most
specific test and not more general.


I think that PCI vendor ID check of audio device is more general test
then checking if kernel is running on Dell laptop (check via DMI). And
if we can check also if running on AIO or laptop form, then it would be
more specific test.

Running with your hypothetical though, what would happen is if it's
on a non-Dell machine the PCI check would pass and then the code
would not be executed by dell-laptop (since dell-smbios didn't load).


If it was on a Dell machine it would load but the BIOS would return
either Switchable graphics turned off, or invalid token.

Even though these aren't real for switchable graphics on Dell I don't
see a problem with either of these situations if it ever came up.

I see, this solution is working...

... but, I see there a very bad precedense. What would happen if another
laptop manufactor comes with similar solution for hybrid graphics. Does
it mean that hda audio driver would try to call for every one vendor its
vendor dependent API function (EFI, SMM, WMI, whatever) to check if
current HW has some switchable graphics and needs special checks?

Those vendor dependent API functions (which Dell SMBIOS is) should be
really called on vendor hardware.

Otherwise audio drivers would load bunch of the other vendor dependent
platform modules and all of those modules (except maximally one) just
return error.

Sure the more specific the check the less symbol requests needed that
will fail.

Kai Heng,

Can you please use Alex Hung's OEM strings patch in your series to match
"Dell System" in OEM strings too?

Sure, but this probably need to wait till it gets merged in Linus' tree.

Between chassis type, OEM strings match, and AMD vendor/Dell subsystem
vendor that should satisfy all of Pali's concerns I think.

If anyone thinks that's too much, please speak up.

Compiling a whitelist is a wasted effort because it will have to change
Every year for every new platform that has AMD switchable graphics.

I agree, But see that this patch already uses vendor ID whitelisting.

I mean making a whitelist of all individual affected Dell platforms will grow
each year.  I want to avoid that approach.

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