On 03/13/2018 01:47 PM, Jann Horn wrote:
On Mon, Mar 12, 2018 at 10:18 AM,  <nagarathnam.muthus...@oracle.com> wrote:
Resending the RFC with participants of previous discussions
in the list.

Following patch which is a variation of a solution discussed
in https://lwn.net/Articles/736330/ provides the users of
pid namespace, the functionality of pid translation between
namespaces using a namespace identifier. The topic of
pid translation has been discussed in the community few times
but there has always been a resistance to adding new solution
for this problem.
I will outline the planned usecase of pid namespace by oracle
database and explain why any of the existing solution cannot
be used to solve their problem.

Consider a system in which several PID namespaces with multiple
nested levels exists in parallel with monitor processes managing
all the namespaces. PID translation is required for controlling
and accessing information about the processes by the monitors
and other processes down the hierarchy of namespaces. Controlling
primarily involves sending signals or using ptrace by a process in
parent namespace on any of the processes in its child namespace.
Accessing information deals with the reading /proc/<pid>/* files
of processes in child namespace. None of the processes have
root/CAP_SYS_ADMIN privileges.
How are you dealing with PID reuse?

We have a monitor process which keeps track of the aliveness of
important processes. When a process dies, monitor makes a note of
it and hence detects if pid is reused.


[...]
diff --git a/fs/nsfs.c b/fs/nsfs.c
index 36b0772..c635465 100644
--- a/fs/nsfs.c
+++ b/fs/nsfs.c
@@ -222,8 +222,13 @@ int ns_get_name(char *buf, size_t size, struct task_struct 
*task,
         const char *name;
         ns = ns_ops->get(task);
         if (ns) {
-               name = ns_ops->real_ns_name ? : ns_ops->name;
-               res = snprintf(buf, size, "%s:[%u]", name, ns->inum);
+               if (!strcmp(ns_ops->name, "pidns_id")) {
Wouldn't it be cleaner to check for "ns_ops==&pidns_id_operations"?

Yup. Will fix it.


+                       res = snprintf(buf, size, "[%llu]",
+                                      (unsigned long long)ns->ns_id);
+               } else {
+                       name = ns_ops->real_ns_name ? : ns_ops->name;
+                       res = snprintf(buf, size, "%s:[%u]", name, ns->inum);
+               }
                 ns_ops->put(ns);
         }
         return res;
[...]
diff --git a/include/linux/pid_namespace.h b/include/linux/pid_namespace.h
index 49538b1..11d1d57 100644
--- a/include/linux/pid_namespace.h
+++ b/include/linux/pid_namespace.h
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
  #include <linux/kref.h>
  #include <linux/ns_common.h>
  #include <linux/idr.h>
+#include <linux/list_bl.h>


  struct fs_pin;
@@ -44,6 +45,8 @@ struct pid_namespace {
         kgid_t pid_gid;
         int hide_pid;
         int reboot;     /* group exit code if this pidns was rebooted */
+       struct hlist_bl_node node;
+       atomic_t lookups_pending;
         struct ns_common ns;
  } __randomize_layout;

[...]
diff --git a/kernel/pid_namespace.c b/kernel/pid_namespace.c
index 0b53eef..ff83aa8 100644
--- a/kernel/pid_namespace.c
+++ b/kernel/pid_namespace.c
[...]
@@ -159,6 +201,30 @@ static void delayed_free_pidns(struct rcu_head *p)

  static void destroy_pid_namespace(struct pid_namespace *ns)
  {
+       struct pid_namespace *ph;
+       struct hlist_bl_head *head;
+       struct hlist_bl_node *dup_node;
+
+       /*
+        * Remove the namespace structure from hash table so
+        * now new lookups can start on it.
s/now new/no new/

Will fix it.


[...]
@@ -474,9 +551,116 @@ static struct user_namespace *pidns_owner(struct 
ns_common *ns)
         .get_parent     = pidns_get_parent,
  };

+/*
+ * translate_pid - convert pid in source pid-ns into target pid-ns.
+ * @pid: pid for translation
+ * @source: pid-ns id
+ * @target: pid-ns id
+ *
+ * Return pid in @target pid-ns, zero if task have no pid there,
+ * or -ESRCH of task with @pid is not found in @source pid-ns.
s/of/if/

Will fix it.


+ */
+SYSCALL_DEFINE3(translate_pid, pid_t, pid, u64, source,
+               u64, target)
+{
+       struct pid_namespace *source_ns = NULL, *target_ns = NULL;
+       struct pid *struct_pid;
+       struct pid_namespace *ph;
+       struct hlist_bl_head *shead = NULL;
+       struct hlist_bl_head *thead = NULL;
+       struct hlist_bl_node *dup_node;
+       pid_t result;
+
+       if (!source) {
+               source_ns = &init_pid_ns;
+       } else {
+               shead = pid_ns_hash_head(pid_ns_hash, source);
+               hlist_bl_lock(shead);
+               hlist_bl_for_each_entry(ph, dup_node, shead, node) {
+                       if (source == ph->ns.ns_id) {
+                               source_ns = ph;
+                               break;
+                       }
+               }
+               if (!source_ns) {
+                       hlist_bl_unlock(shead);
+                       return -EINVAL;
+               }
+       }
+       if (!ptrace_may_access(source_ns->child_reaper,
+                              PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS)) {
AFAICS this proposal breaks the visibility restrictions that
namespaces normally create. If there are two namespaces-based
containers that use the same UID range, I don't think they should be
able to learn information about each other, such as which PIDs are in
use in the other container; but as far as I can tell, your proposal
makes it possible to do that (unless an LSM or so is interfering). I
would prefer it if this API required visibility of the targeted PID
namespaces in the caller's PID namespace.

I am trying to simulate the same access restrictions allowed
on a process's /proc/<pid>/ns/pid file. If the translator has
access to /proc/<pid>/ns/pid file of both source and destination
namespaces, shouldn't it be allowed to translate the pid between
them?


When doing ptrace access checks, please use the real creds in syscalls
like this one, not the fs creds. The fs creds are for filesystem
syscalls (in particular sys_open()), not for specialized syscalls like
ptrace() or this one.
Will fix this.

Thanks,
Nagarathnam.

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