On 03/13/2018 02:14 PM, Andrew Morton wrote:
> On Fri,  9 Mar 2018 14:47:31 -0800 Mike Kravetz <mike.krav...@oracle.com> 
> wrote:
>> start_isolate_page_range() is used to set the migrate type of a
>> set of pageblocks to MIGRATE_ISOLATE while attempting to start
>> a migration operation.  It assumes that only one thread is
>> calling it for the specified range.  This routine is used by
>> CMA, memory hotplug and gigantic huge pages.  Each of these users
>> synchronize access to the range within their subsystem.  However,
>> two subsystems (CMA and gigantic huge pages for example) could
>> attempt operations on the same range.  If this happens, one thread
>> may 'undo' the work another thread is doing.  This can result in
>> pageblocks being incorrectly left marked as MIGRATE_ISOLATE and
>> therefore not available for page allocation.
>> What is ideally needed is a way to synchronize access to a set
>> of pageblocks that are undergoing isolation and migration.  The
>> only thing we know about these pageblocks is that they are all
>> in the same zone.  A per-node mutex is too coarse as we want to
>> allow multiple operations on different ranges within the same zone
>> concurrently.  Instead, we will use the migration type of the
>> pageblocks themselves as a form of synchronization.
>> start_isolate_page_range sets the migration type on a set of page-
>> blocks going in order from the one associated with the smallest
>> pfn to the largest pfn.  The zone lock is acquired to check and
>> set the migration type.  When going through the list of pageblocks
>> check if MIGRATE_ISOLATE is already set.  If so, this indicates
>> another thread is working on this pageblock.  We know exactly
>> which pageblocks we set, so clean up by undo those and return
>> -EBUSY.
>> This allows start_isolate_page_range to serve as a synchronization
>> mechanism and will allow for more general use of callers making
>> use of these interfaces.  Update comments in alloc_contig_range
>> to reflect this new functionality.
>> ...
>> + * There is no high level synchronization mechanism that prevents two 
>> threads
>> + * from trying to isolate overlapping ranges.  If this happens, one thread
>> + * will notice pageblocks in the overlapping range already set to isolate.
>> + * This happens in set_migratetype_isolate, and set_migratetype_isolate
>> + * returns an error.  We then clean up by restoring the migration type on
>> + * pageblocks we may have modified and return -EBUSY to caller.  This
>> + * prevents two threads from simultaneously working on overlapping ranges.
>>   */
> Well I can kinda visualize how this works, with two CPUs chewing away
> at two overlapping blocks of pfns, possibly with different starting
> pfns.  And I can't immediately see any holes in it, apart from possible
> memory ordering issues.  What guarantee is there that CPU1 will see
> CPU2's writes in the order in which CPU2 performed them?  And what
> guarantee is there that CPU1 will see CPU2's writes in a sequential
> manner?  If four of CPU2's writes get written back in a single atomic
> flush, what will CPU1 make of that?

Each CPU holds the associated zone lock to modify or examine the migration
type of a pageblock.  And, it will only examine/update a single pageblock
per lock acquire/release cycle.

Mike Kravetz

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