>From Skylake onwards, the platform controller hub (Sunrisepoint PCH) does
not support legacy DMA operations to IO ports 81h-83h, 87h, 89h-8Bh, 8Fh.
Currently this driver registers as syscore ops and its resume function is
called on every resume from S3. On Skylake and Kabylake, this causes a
resume delay of around 100ms due to port IO operations, which is a problem.

This change allows to load the driver only when the platform bios
explicitly supports such devices or has a cut-off date earlier than 2017.

Please refer to chapter 21 of 6th Generation Intel® Core™ Processor
Platform Controller Hub Family: BIOS Specification.


Cc: Alan Cox <a...@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevche...@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Anshuman Gupta <anshuman.gu...@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Rajneesh Bhardwaj <rajneesh.bhard...@intel.com>
Changes in v2:
 * changed to dma_inb()

This depends on recently introduced dmi_get_bios_year() helper.
 arch/x86/kernel/i8237.c | 25 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 25 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/i8237.c b/arch/x86/kernel/i8237.c
index 8eeaa81de066..bf5d8104e17b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/i8237.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/i8237.c
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
  * your option) any later version.
+#include <linux/dmi.h>
 #include <linux/init.h>
 #include <linux/syscore_ops.h>
@@ -49,6 +50,30 @@ static struct syscore_ops i8237_syscore_ops = {
 static int __init i8237A_init_ops(void)
+       /*
+        * From SKL PCH onwards, the port 0x61 bit 4 would stop toggle and
+        * the legacy DMA device is removed in which the I/O ports (81h-83h,
+        * 87h, 89h-8Bh, 8Fh)  related to it are removed as well. All
+        * removed ports must return 0xff for a inb() request.
+        *
+        * Note: DMA_PAGE_2 (port 0x81) should not be checked for detecting
+        * the presence of DMA device since it may be used by BIOS to decode
+        * LPC traffic for POST codes. Original LPC only decodes one byte of
+        * port 0x80 but some BIOS may choose to enhance PCH LPC port 0x8x
+        * decoding.
+        */
+       if (dma_inb(DMA_PAGE_0) == 0xFF)
+               return -ENODEV;
+       /*
+        * It should be OK to not load this driver as newer SoC may not
+        * support 8237 DMA or bus mastering from LPC. Platform firmware
+        * must announce the support for such legacy devices via
+        * ACPI_FADT_LEGACY_DEVICES field in FADT table.
+        */
+       if (!x86_platform.legacy.devices.pnpbios && dmi_get_bios_year() >= 2017)
+               return -ENODEV;
        return 0;

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