On Thu, Jul 6, 2017 at 5:34 PM, Tomasz Figa <tf...@chromium.org> wrote: > On Thu, Jul 6, 2017 at 5:26 PM, Arnd Bergmann <a...@arndb.de> wrote: >> On Thu, Jul 6, 2017 at 3:44 AM, Tomasz Figa <tf...@chromium.org> wrote: >>> On Thu, Jul 6, 2017 at 2:20 AM, Christoph Hellwig <h...@lst.de> wrote: >>>> On Thu, Jul 06, 2017 at 12:22:35AM +0900, Tomasz Figa wrote: >> >>>> In general I think moving dma >>>> ops and iommu implementations into modules is a bad idea >>> >>> Could you elaborate on this? I'd be interested in seeing the reasoning >>> behind this. >>> >>>> but I >>>> don't want to reject the idea before seeing the code. Or maybe >>>> by looking at the user we can come up with an even better idea >>>> to solve the original issue you're trying to solve, so please also >>>> explain your rationale. >> >> I had pretty much the same thoughts here. >> >>> Basically we have an x86 platform with a camera subsystem that is a >>> PCI device, has its own MMU and needs cache maintenance. Moreover, the >>> V4L2 subsystem, which is the right place for camera drivers, heavily >>> relies on DMA mapping as a way to abstract memory allocation, mapping >>> and cache maintenance. So it feels natural to me to hide the hardware >>> details (additional cache maintenance, mapping into the built-in >>> IOMMU) in the DMA mapping ops for this camera subsystem and simply >>> make V4L2 just work without knowing those details. >> >> I can understand your reasoning here, but I'm also not convinced >> that this is the best approach. There may be a middle ground somewhere >> though. >> >> Generally speaking I don't want to have to deal with the horrors of >> deciding whether an IOMMU is going to be there eventually or not >> at probe() time. At some point, we had decided that IOMMUs need to >> be initialized (almost) as early as irqchips and clocksources so we can >> rely on them to be there at device discovery time. That got pushed >> back already, and now we may have to deal with -EPROBE_DEFER >> when an IOMMU has not been fully initialized at device probe time, >> but at least we can reliably see if one is there or not. Making IOMMUs >> modular will add further uncertainty here. Obviously we cannot attach >> an IOMMU to a device once we have started using DMA mapping >> calls on it. > > The hardware can only work with IOMMU and so the main module is highly > tied with the IOMMU module and it initialized it directly. There is no > separate struct driver or device associated with the IOMMU, as it's a > part of the one and only one PCI device (as visible from the system > PCI bus point of view) and technically handled by one pci_driver. > >> >> For your particular use case, I would instead leave the knowledge >> about the IOMMU in the driver itself, like we do for the IOMMUs >> that are integrated in desktop GPUs, and have the code use the >> DMA mapping API with the system-provided dma_map_ops to >> get dma_addr_t tokens which you then program into the device >> IOMMU. >> >> An open question however would be whether to use the IOMMU >> API without the DMA mapping API here, or whether to completely >> leave the knowledge of the IOMMU inside of the driver itself. >> I don't have a strong opinion on that part, and I guess this mostly >> depends on what the hardware looks like. > > + linux-media and some media folks > > I'd say that this is something that has been consistently tried to be > avoided by V4L2 and that's why it's so tightly integrated with DMA > mapping. IMHO re-implementing the code that's already there in > videobuf2 again in the driver, only because, for no good reason > mentioned as for now, having a loadable module providing DMA ops was > disliked.
Sorry, I intended to mean: IMHO re-implementing the code that's already there in videobuf2 again in the driver, only because, for no good reason mentioned as for now, having a loadable module providing DMA ops was disliked, would make no sense. > > Similarly with IOMMU API. It provides a lot of help in managing the > mappings and re-implementing this would be IMHO backwards. > > Best regards, > Tomasz